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MOTHER TERESA Pushpendu Saha
Registration no- 11200698
INTRODUCTION OF LEADER
• Mother Teresa's original name was Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu.
• Mother Teresa was born on August 26, 1910, in Skopje, capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
• Mother Teresa was an Albanian Roman Catholic, and was a famous humanitarian who started the Missionary
of Charities. For most of her life, she spent it by taking care for the poor, sick and needy people all over the
• Her father was a successful merchant and she was youngest of the three siblings. At the age of 12, she decided
that she wanted to be a missionary and spread the love of Christ.
• Agnes left her parental home in Skopje in 1928 at the age of 18 and joined the Sisters of Loreto at Loreto
Abbey in Rathfarnham, Ireland to learn English, with a view to becoming a missionary.
• After a few months of training, with the Sisters of Loreto, she was then given permission to travel to India.
• She never saw her mother and sister again after she left home.
• Her family continued to live in Skopje until 1934, when they moved to Tirana in Albania.
• In 1944 she become head mistress of the Loreto convent school.
• She passed away on September 5, 1997.
VISIT TO INDIA
• Mother Teresa came to India. On May 24, 1931, she took her initial vows as a nun From 1931 to 1948.
• Sister Teresa travelled on to Darjeeling, India, for the novitiate period; in May 1931, she made her First
Profession of Vows.
• Afterward she was sent to Calcutta, where she was assigned to teach at Saint Mary's High School for Girls, a
school run by the Loreto Sisters and dedicated to teaching girls from the city's poorest Bengali families.
• Sister Teresa learned to speak both Bengali and Hindi fluently as she taught geography and history and
dedicated herself to alleviating the girls' poverty through education.
• On May 1931 she took her Final Profession of Vows to a life of poverty, chastity and obedience. As was the
custom for Loreto nuns, she took on the title of "Mother" upon making her final vows and thus became
known as ‘Mother Teresa’.
• In 1948, she left the convent to live full time among the poorest of Calcutta. She chose to wear a white Indian
Sari, with blue trimmings – out of respect for the traditional Indian dress. For many years, Mother Teresa and
a small band of fellow nuns survived on minimal income and food, often having to beg for funds.
• Slowly her efforts with the poorest were noted and appreciated by the local community and Indian
• In 1950, she would start the Missionaries of Charity, with a mission to care for those people that no one else
• Over time the work grew. Missions were started overseas, and by 2013, there are 700 missions operating in
over 130 countries.
• The scope of their work also expanded to include orphanages, and hospices for those with terminal illness.
• In the 1960s, the life of Mother Teresa was first brought to a wider public attention by Malcolm Muggeridge
who wrote a book and produced a documentary called “Something Beautiful for God”.
• The Missionaries of Charity now has branches throughout the world including branches in the developed
world where they work with the homeless and people affected with AIDS. In 1965, the Society became an
International Religious Family by a decree of Pope Paul VI.
• She would suffer her first heart attack in 1983, and she would go on to have another health issues, all the way
till March 1997 when she finally stepped down from her leadership position and she passed away in
September 5, 1997,just 9 days after her 87th birthday.
AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENT
Mother Teresa was a living saint who offered a great example and inspiration to the world.
• The first Pope John XXIII Peace Prize. (1971)
• Kennedy Prize (1971)
• The Nehru Prize –“for promotion of international peace and understanding”(1972)
• Albert Schweitzer International Prize (1975),
• The Nobel Peace Prize (1979)
• States Presidential Medal of Freedom (1985)
• Bharat Ratna (1980)
• Congressional Gold Medal (1994)
• U Thant Peace Award 1994
• Honorary citizenship of the United States (November 16, 1996).
• Considered one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century, she was canonized as Saint Teresa on 4
September 2016 in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.
• Mother Teresa leadership style is a Relationship oriented , Situational leader.
Situational leadership is a leadership style, when the leader or manager of an organization must adjust his style
to fit the development level of the followers he/she is trying to influence. With situational leadership, it is up to
the leader to change his style, not the follower to adapt to the leader’s style. In situational leadership, the style
may change continually to meet the needs of others in the organization based on the situation.
LEADERSHIP STYLE TRAITS
Mother Teresa leadership style is a Relationship oriented , Situational leader.
"Loneliness and the feeling of being unwanted is the most terrible poverty." - Mother Teresa
• Organization: She went through training, learned English, took vows, was sent to India, and taught the ways
of Catholicism, and made sure she was prepared to care for and help the poor and needy before getting
permission to leave and do so.
• Determination: She was concerned with the poverty in India, she took it upon herself to make sure it went
down and that the people were helped and cared for.
• Well Equipped: She learned the ways of medicine and made sure she had supplies along with food and
shelter to house the sick and poor.
• Effective: She inspired others to come and help and in return became known as a famous humanitarian.
Spread the word of poverty in countries like India.
• Intelligent: she made sure to learn the languages before going to work, she also learned how to use medicine
professionally to help the ill.
• Courageous: She was willing to take chances, she wanted to help and she gave up a lot in order to do so, she
eft her home and family to provide and help those without.
• Confidence: She was confident in her work as well as satisfied.
• Caring: She was caring towards all people that came to her for help, she turned down no one.
• Inspirational: She inspired others to do good. People saw the things that she did and were inspired to join her
in helping those less fortunate.
How she is a SITUATIONAL leader?
“Don’t wait for leaders, do it alone , person to person.”
• Mother Teresa was a situational leader. She helped people according to their situation, For example if they
were starving she would provide food for them, if they had no place to stay she would provide a home for
them to say at, if they were ill she took her time to practice medicine in order to help heal them. If a situation
came, she would find a solution to help them in some way.
• She and her fellow sisters did what was urgently needed. They were at home for the homeless, food for the
hungry, medicines in the ailing company and the lonely.
• In 1952, Mother Teresa opened the first Home for the Dying in space made available by the city of Calcutta.
With the help of Indian officials she converted an abandoned Hindu temple into the Kalighat Home for the
Dying, a free hospice for the poor. She renamed it Kalighat, the Home of the Pure Heart (Nirmal Hriday).
• In 1955 she opened the Nirmala Shishu Bhavan, the Children's Home of the perfectly clean Heart, as a haven
for orphans and homeless youth.
• Mother Teresa was purely an organised leader. She knew what she wanted and how she would attend to every
challenge. She was determined with her sole intention of helping those in need and to achieve that she would
pull together all her resources, train people to be capable of doing the job or to be skilled enough to help her
and she took care of everyone so no one was left out in the process, neither those who are in need nor those
who were working with her.
• Mother Teresa was a courageous lady. She did not buckle under any pressure and she did not try and justify
her works when she was being criticized for various reasons. She had been the target of severe criticism and
her popularity was often dented by some valid and invalid reasons. But none of those deterrents swayed her
from her conviction and her eventual mission.
• Mother Teresa leadership style is not just applicable to managers, business leaders or professionals but also to
life in general.