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Distribution of land use Infrastructure Commercial Recreational Traffic & Transportation facilities facilitiesDeveloped areaAverage densitiesWork forceProposed land useStructure of urbanCentres in plain areaProposed land useStructure in hill town
Distribution of land use Infrastructure Commercial Recreational Traffic & Transportation facilities facilities Physical infrastructure Social infrastructure 1. Water Supply Educational facilities 2. Water Requirements Health Care facilities 3. for institutional Socio-Cultural facilities 4. buildings Distribution Services 5. Sewage Police 6. Drainage Fire 7. Electricity 8. Solid waste Disposal 9.
Developed area average densities:- Persons per Settlement type Hectare(pph) in Plain Hill areas areas Small town 75-125 45-75 Medium town 100-150 60-90 Large cities 100-150 60-90 Metro cities 125-175 Work Force:-Work force participation 33% of total population Industrial workers (%) of total work forceSmall and medium town 20Large cities 25
Land use category Percentage of developed area Small Medium Large Metro citiesResidential 45-50 40-45 35-40 35-40commercial 2-3 3-4 4-5 4-5Industrial 8-10 8-108-10 10-12 12-14Pub& Semi-Public 6-8 10-12 18-20 14-16Recreational 12-14 18-20 12-14 20-25Transport & 10-12 12-14 15-18CommunicationAgriculture & balance balance balance balanceWaterbodies
Land use category Percentage of developed area Small Medium LargeResidential 50-55 45-52 45-50commercial 2-3 2-3 4-5Industrial 3-4 4-5 5-7Pub& Semi-Public 8-10 8-10 12-15Recreational 15-18 15-18 16-20Transport & 5-6 5-6 6-8CommunicationAgriculture & Water 8-10 8-10 8-10bodies
Infrastructure is the basic requirement of urban life. The extent and the nature of problems faced by different towns vary by size, geographical conditions, local natural resources, etc. Physical Infrastructure:- Size of town Aspect Small Medium Large and Metro Domestic 70 lpcd 70-100 lpcd 135 lpcd 2. Absolute Min. 100 lpcd 135-150 lpcd 135-150 lpcd 3. desirable Non- Domestic 1% of total Fire fighting demand 20-25 lpcd 30-35 lpcd Public purpose 10-15 lpcd
Institutions Litres per head per dayHospital 450 per bedb. No. of beds exceeding 100 340 per bedc. No. of beds not exceeding 100Hotels 180 per bedHotels 135Nurses homes & medical quarters 135Boarding schools/ colleges 135Restaurants 70 per seatAirports & Sea ports 70Junctions stations & intermediate 70stationsTerminal Stations & Intermediate 45stationsDay schools/ colleges 45Offices & factories 45Cinema, concert halls and theatres 15
Industry Water Requirement in Kl / unitAutomobiles 4122-170Distillery 80-200Fertilizers 4Leather 200-100Paper 400-1000Spl. Quality paper 75-100Straw board 1-2Petroleum refinery 200-250Steel 1-2Sugar 8-14Textile
The treatment of sewerage is essential to check the decay in the environment as well as to provide hygienic conditions for the population • The sewerage is estimated at the rate of 80% of the water supply in any area. • The newly developed areas shall be considered for the provision of community level septic tanks based on economic & environmental considerations. • The squatter settlements may be provided with a facility of 1 toilet for 4 to 5 families based on the concept of low cost and low water consumption
The drainage system for According to Master plan any city/town is governed of Delhi power supply mainly by consumption works natural course and out to be about 2 KW per topography. household at the city The discharge is calculated level and includes that guides the domestic, commercial , requirements for industrial and other provision of additional requirements. drain as well as • The provision of 1 upgradation of existing electric sub station of 11 drains. KV for a population of DRAINAGE 15,000 is recommended ELECTRICITY for towns/ cities.
The insufficient conservancy services in most of the urban centres tend to leave the garbage spread on the road sides or open spaces leading to unhygienic conditions. • The garbage is removed by the municipal bodies and dumped at the sanitary landfill or in some cases it is converted to compost esp. in small towns. • The generation of waste varies from about over a quarter of Kg in small towns to about half a kg per capita in large and metro cities.
Educational facilities:- Pre-primary to Secondary EducationPre primary, nursery school 1 for 2500 population 0.08 ha• Area for school• Pre primary/ nursery school to be located near aparkPrimary school (class I to V) 500 students• Strength of the school 0.4 ha• Area per school 0.20 ha• School building area 0.20 ha• Play field area with a min of 18m X 36 m to beensured for effective playSenior secondary school (VI to XII) 1000 students• 1 for 7500 population 1.6 ha• Strength of the school 0.60 ha• Area per school 1.60 ha• School building area• Play field area with a min of 68m X 126 m to beensured for effective play
Integrated school without hostel facility 1500 students(Class I-XII) 1 for 90,000- 1 lakh population 3.50 haStrength of the school 0.70 haArea per school 2.50 haSchool building area 0.30 haPlay field areaParking areaIntegrated school with hostel facility 1 for 1000 students90,000-100000 3.90 hapopulation 0.70 haStrength of the school 2.50 haArea per school 0.30 haSchool building area 0.40 haPlay field areaParking areaResidential hostel area
School for handicapped 1 for 45 000 popStrength of the school 400Area per school 0.50 haSchool building area 0.20 haPlay field area 0.30 haHigher educationCollege1 for 1.25 lakh populationStudent strength of the college 1000- 1500 studentsArea per college 4 haCollege building area 1.80 haPlay field area 1.80 ha Residential including hostel area 0.40 ha
University campus 10 haArea of the universitycampusNew University Area 60 haTechnical Education centre (A) 500 students1 such centre provided for every 10 lakh pop. 400 studentsInclude 1 4 haindustrial training institute and 1 polytechnic 1.60 haStrength of the polytechnic 2.4 haArea per centreArea per ITIArea for polytechnicTechnical centres( B)1 provided for 10 lakh population to include 1ITI1 technical centre and 1 coaching centreArea per centre 4 haArea per technical centre 2.10 haArea for ITI & coaching centre 1.40 ha & 0 .30
a) General hospitalHospital for 2.5 lakh population capacity 500 bedsInitially the provision may be for 300 beds 4 haArea for hospital 2 haArea for residential accommodation 6 haTotal area b) Intermediate500 beds4 ha2 ha6 hab) Intermediate hospital ( Categoryb) Intermediate hospital ( Category- A) 200 beds1 hospital for 1 lakh population capacity, the provision may 2.70 habe for 100 beds 1 haArea for hospital 3.70 haArea for residential accommodationTotal areac) Intermediate hospital ( Category-B)1 hospital for 10 lakh population capacity 80 beds initially theprovision may befor 50 including 20 maternity bedsArea for hospital 0.60 haArea for residential accommodation 0.40 haTotal area 1 ha
d) Polyclinic with some observation beds 1 for lakh 0.20 to 0.30 hapopulationAreae) Nursing home, child welfare and maternitycentre 1 for 0.45 to 1 lakhpopulationCapacity 25 to 30 bedsarea 0.20 to 0.30 haf) Dispensary1 for 0.15 lakh populationarea 0.08 to 0.12 ha 0.08 to 0.12 ha
a) Community room1 for 5,000 population area 660 Sq..mb) Community hall and library1 for 15,000 population area 2000 sq.mc) Recreational club1 for 1 lakh population area 10,000 sq.md) music, dance and drama centre1 for 1 lakh population - area 1,000 sq.me) Meditation and spiritual centre1 for lakh population area 5000 sq.mf) socio-cultural centre1 for 10 lakh population area 15 ha
a) Petrol pump • One petrol pump for 150 ha of gross residential areas in residential zone • One petrol pump for 40 ha of gross industrial area • Two petrol pumps in each district centre • One petrol pump in each community centre b) Milk distribution One milk booth for 5,000 population. The standard recommended as per the Delhi Master Plan is adequate. c) LPG Godown One gas Godown for 40-50 thousand population is sufficient for any size of town. The major concern for its storage and distribution is the location which shall be away from the residential areas.
Police station 1.5 ha1 for 90,000 populationArea inclusive of essential residential accommodation 0.05 haadditionalto be provided for civil Defence and home guardsPolice post1 for 0.4 to 0.5 lakh populationArea inclusive of essential residential accommodation 0.16 haDistrict office and battalion 0.80 ha1for 10 lakh population 4 haArea for district office area for battalion 4.80 haTotal areaPolice line 1 for 20 lakh population 4 to 6 haDistrict jail 1 for 10 lakh population - area 10 haCivil Defence and home guards 2 ha1 for 10 lakh population -area
1. 1 fire station or sub fire station within 1 for 3 km to be provided for 2 lakh population 2. Area for fire station with essential residential accommodation 3. Area for sub- fire-station with essential residential accommodation 1 ha 0.60 ha
Hierarchy of an urban centres is a function of the hierarchy of planning unitsin an urban centre Planning unit Population Served Hierarchy of commercial centre Housing cluster 1000-4000 Cluster centre Sector 5000-20000 Sector centre Community 25000-100000 Community centre district 125000-500000 District centre Sub-city 25 lakh- 50 lakh Sub- city centre city 50 lakh + City centre
Area /1000 persons No. Of shops sq.m.Cluster centre 220 1 for 110 personsSector centre 300 1 for 200 personsCommunity centre 500 1 for 200 personsDistrict centre 880 1 for 300 persons Type of shops Type of community sector cluster shopsFormal 1250 365 55 24shops(total)General retail 1200 295 35 16Fruit & vegetables Not 40 6 3 SpecifiedService & Repairs 50 30 13 5Informal shops 370 110 22 13General retail 355 88 14 8