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Modals of deduction

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modals of deduction

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Modals of deduction

  1. 1. MODALS OF DEDUCTION (Present) EF Intermediate 6B
  2. 2. Might/May • Something is possibly true Tony’s phone is switched off. He might/may be on the play now, or just boarding Laura might/may not like that skirt. It’s not really her style I don’t know where Kate it. She may/might be at work or at the gym
  3. 3. Might/May • DO NOT use can instead of may/might Tony’s phone is switched off. He can be on the plane now, or just boarding. • You can use could instead of may/might in positive sentences Tony’s phone is switched off. He could be on the plane now, or just boarding.
  4. 4. CAN’T • Sure something is impossible/not true Nigel can’t earn much money in his job. He’s still living with his parents That woman can’t be Jack’s wife. Jack’s wife has dark hair
  5. 5. MUST • Sure something is true The neighbours must be out. There aren’t any lights on in the house Your sister must have a lot of money if she drives a Porsche
  6. 6. CAN’T vs MUST • MUST and CAN’T (not MUSTN’T) are opposites in this context The neighbours must be out. There aren’t any lights on in the house The neighbours can’t be out. All the lights are on in the house NOT: the neighbours mustn’t be out.
  7. 7. Be + gerund • Be + gerund is often used after modals of deduction They might/may be preparing a party. I saw them buying drinks in the supermarket this morning They must be having a party. The music is very loud They can’t be having a party. I can’t hear any music

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