Teens and Libraries: A Media Literacy Perspective

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Renee Hobbs invites teen librarians to reflect on how their attitudes about print, visual, sound and digital media shape their work. She reviews the developmental characteristics of adolescents that most affect teen media use behaviors. She considers the pros and cons of empowerment and protection in helping teens thrive in a media-saturated society.

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Teens and Libraries: A Media Literacy Perspective

  1. 1. Teens & Libraries:A Media Literacy Perspective Renee Hobbs YALSA Teens and Libraries Summit January 24, 2013
  2. 2. RACHEL HOBBS ROGER HOBBSPlanned Parenthood Fundraiser Author of Ghostman ALA Gala Author Tea Mon, Jan 28
  3. 3. www.mediaeducationlab.com
  4. 4. http://mediaeducationlab.com
  5. 5. What do we need to know and be able to do when it comes tosupporting and extending teens’ use of print, visual, sound anddigital texts, tools and technologies?
  6. 6. A Lifelong Process
  7. 7. A Lifelong Process
  8. 8. A Lifelong Process
  9. 9. NEW TEXTSNEW TOOLS NEW RELATIONSHIPS
  10. 10. PRINTMEDIA
  11. 11. SOUNDMEDIA
  12. 12. VISUALMEDIA
  13. 13. DIGITALMEDIA
  14. 14. LOVE HATE PRINT VISUAL SOUND DIGITAL What is your love/hate relationship with media, technology and popular culture?
  15. 15. LOVE HATE PRINT VISUAL SOUND DIGITAL How do your attitudes about media, technology and popular culture shape various aspects of your work?
  16. 16. Developmental Characteristics of Adolescence Go After Novelty,Take Risks in Pursuit of Love Experience for its Complexity and Intense Experience Own Sake Situations
  17. 17. Searching for the Sensational
  18. 18. Escaping to Alternative Worlds
  19. 19. Playing with Identity
  20. 20. Speaking Out as a Civic Actor
  21. 21. Developing Emotional Reasoning
  22. 22. Understanding & Using Social PowerFitting InStanding Out
  23. 23. Talking to Anyone about Anything ... and keeping secrets from parents and adultsLINK
  24. 24. Transgressing Social Norms
  25. 25. How do you design library programs and services to meet the needs of young people?
  26. 26. Media Literacy Embraces Protection & EmpowermentWhen it comes tochildren and teens…It’s a two-sided coin
  27. 27. Empowerment
  28. 28. Approaches to EmpowermentFocus on:MediumFriendshipInterestsAdvocacyCraft/DIY
  29. 29. Approaches to EmpowermentFocus on:MediumFriendshipInterestsAdvocacyCraft/DIY
  30. 30. Approaches to EmpowermentFocus on:MediumFriendshipInterestsAdvocacyCraft/DIY
  31. 31. Approaches to EmpowermentFocus on:MediumFriendshipInterestsAdvocacyCraft/DIY
  32. 32. Approaches to EmpowermentFocus on:MediumFriendshipInterestsAdvocacyCraft/DIY
  33. 33. Characteristics of the Empowerment Learning Process Hanging Out Messing Around Geeking Out
  34. 34. Empowerment has ChallengesUnintended Consequences Making without Social & Ethical Norms of Digital Engagement Critical Analysis = Re-Shaped by Peer Mindless Imitation Expectations of Constant Connectedness
  35. 35. Protection
  36. 36. 50% of classroom teachers believe that children spend too much time in front of screens Wartella, Schomburg, Lauricella, Robb & Flynn, 2010
  37. 37. Media Addiction among 11 – 16 Year Olds5% Gone without eating or sleeping because of the Internet11% Felt bothered when I cannot be on the Internet16% Caught myself surfing when I am not really interested13% Spent less time with either family, friends, or doing schoolwork because of the time I spent on the Internet13% Tried unsuccessfully to spent less time on the InternetSOURCE: EU Kids Online, 2012
  38. 38. Protection CONTENT CONTACT CONDUCT RISKS RISKS RISKSSOURCE: EU Kids Online
  39. 39. Media Content Influences Attitudes & BehaviorsNutrition Substance Abuse Stereotypes
  40. 40. Media Content Influences Attitudes & Behaviors Online SocialSexuality Aggression Responsibility
  41. 41. From Passive to Active Users
  42. 42. Media Literacy Instructional Practices1. Reflecting on our Media Choices2. Play and Learning with Media & Technology3. Developing Information Access & Research Skills4. Strengthening Message Analysis Skills5. Composing Messages using Multimedia Tools6. Exploring Media Issues in Society7. Sharing Ideas and Taking Action
  43. 43. Characteristics of the Media Literacy Learning Process
  44. 44. Core Concepts of Media Literacy
  45. 45. People Interpret Messages are Messages Differently RepresentationsMessages Have Economic &Political Power Messages Use Different Messages Influence our Codes and Conventions Attitudes and Behaviors
  46. 46. http://whatspoppyn.blogspot.com LINK
  47. 47. Protecting Has ChallengesAdults Standing on Teens Parroting the “Right” Fear and Cynicism Soapbox Critical Ideas Discourage Innovation
  48. 48. Interpreting Teen Online Behavior Through a Protection – Empowerment Lens STICKAM.com LINK
  49. 49. What did you notice?Is this activity harmful or harmless? What questions should be asked?
  50. 50. Opportunities for frank and candid discussion about media,technology and popular culture should be an essential componentof teen library programs
  51. 51. Discourses of protection andempowerment shape teen media usechoices, attitudes and behaviors
  52. 52. Why does it matter?
  53. 53. What factors predict a teenager’s intention to be civically engaged?Sample. Middle-class suburbanDetroit high school, 50% white and50% African-American. N = 100Method. End-of-semester online Civicsurvey. Pilot study for PBSMcNeil/Lehrer Student Reporting EngagementLabs(www.studentreportinglabs.com)Approach to Analysis. Factoranalysis and regression.
  54. 54. What factors predict a teenager’s intention to be civically engaged? POSITIVE ATTITUDES ABOUT INFORMATION , SEARCH, NEWS AND CURRENT EVENTS Civic UNDERSTANDING OF MEDIA LITERACY CONCEPTS Engagement HANDS-ON EXPOSURE TO MEDIA PRODUCTION EXPERIENCES
  55. 55. EDUCATION CREATIVEDigital & Media Literacy Stakeholders in GOVERNMENT LIBRARY TECH BUSINESS ACTIVIST
  56. 56. Teens & Libraries: A Media Literacy PerspectiveRenee HobbsHarrington School of Communication and MediaUniversity of Rhode IslandEmail: hobbs@uri.eduTwitter: reneehobbsWeb: http://mediaeducationlab.com

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