R O S H A N I R A J B A N S H I
N E W M E X I C O S T A T E U N I V E R S I T Y
Utilization of Technology in the
Classroom with the Help of
Definition of Professional Development (PD)
Significance of the Study
Difference in the way children and adults use
Children Digital natives (Prensky, 2001).
Adult Digital immigrants
Professional a way to encourage
development and train teachers
to use technology
According to Schalager & Fusco (2003), PD is conducted
as training, workshop and seminar that are held for
teachers to inform them about “new knowledge and skill
in the context of conceptual tools, rules and allocation of
roles” (p. 209).
Zhao (2013) also states that it was Holmes in 1986 who
introduced the concept of “Professional Development
School” (p. 1628).
Cannon, 2013 states that PD “learning activities and
experiences educators engage, from pre-service
education to retirement, in order to increase career
related performances” (p. 1).
Significance of Study
The significance of this study is to find out why
teachers are not using available learning technology
like multimedia and Web 2.0 in classroom.
It will also assist teachers to utilize technology in the
This study will also help teachers to improve
teaching practices with the utilization of technology.
Why is multimedia and Web 2.0 good educational
tool for teachers?
How effectively are teachers using teaching
technologies in the class?
What learning technological tools are students
How will professional development help teachers to
use learning technology in classroom?
Ratio of computer to student is 5:1 in 2001 (Lawless
& Pellegrino, 2007); however computers are not
turned on in the classroom (Wiburg, 2003)
Teachers felt lack of training regarding the use of
technology (Watson, 2006).
The goal of professional development to integrate
technology in the classroom (Mouza, 2002).
Literature review cont...
The level of self-efficacy is high after workshop.
Long vacations are the time to learn new
applications (Dwyer, 1994).
Online technology PD can be an alternative to face-
to-face instruction (Barnett, 2003).
According to Schlager and Fusco (2003), PD
provides information to teachers and puts knowledge
into practice through the eyes of experts.
Ambiguity of Professional Development
Outdated and inadequate equipment in classroom
PD far away from the school site
no follow-up or no support (Mouza, 2002).
Problem arises when there are “incompatibilities in
culture, leadership and tools” (Schlager & Fusco, 2003).
No proper cooperation between teachers, administrators
and stakeholders hinders the progress of effective PD.
My focus area would be 25 elementary school teachers of
This study would focus on 4th Grade science teachers and their
Diagrammatic view of procedure
First Step Survey
Second step Provide PD
Third step Collect initial work of
Fourth step Observation + Interview
Fifth step Collect final work of
Sixth step Evaluation
Barnett, H. (2003). Technology professional development: successful strategies for teacher change. ERIC
digest. ERIC Clearinghouse on Information and Technology Syracuse
Cannon, J. G., Kitchel, A. & Duncan, D. W.(2013). Perceived professional development needs of Idaho
secondary career and technical education teachers: Program management. Online Journal for Workforce
Education and Development, 4(1).
Dwyer, D. (1994). Apple classrooms of tomorrow: What we've learned. Educational Leadership, 51(7), 4-10.
Lawless, K. A. & Pellegrino, J. W. (2007). Professional Development in Integrating Technology Into Teaching
and Learning: Knowns, Unknowns, and Ways to Pursue Better Questions and Answers. Review of
Educational Research, 77 (4), 575-614. http://rer.sagepub.com/content/77/4/575.full
Mouza, C. (2002). Learning to teach with new technology: implication for professional development. Journal
of Research on Technology in Education, 35.2, p272.
Prensky, M. (2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. On the Horizon. Vol 9, No. 5.
Schlager, M.S. & Fusco, J. (2003). Teacher professional development, technologies and community of
practice: Are we putting the cart before the horse. The Information Society, 19, 203-220.
Watson, G. (2006). Technology professional development: Long-term effects on teacher self-efficacy. Journal
of Technology and Teacher Education, 14(1), 151-165.
Wiburg, K. M. (2003). Technology and the new meaning of educational equity. Computers in the School, 20:
Zhao, Y. (2013). A probe into psychological training for professionalization development of college teachers.
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 5(5): 1627-1632.
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