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Personality.pptx

  1. 1. Personality
  2. 2. Content • What is personality • Factors determine the personality • Personality theories • Key personality traits relevant to work behavior • Personality & Organizational leadership
  3. 3. What is personality • Different ways of how a person can react & interact with others. • Patterns of inner & outer measurable traits. • Relatively stable & enduring characteristics that determine our thoughts, feelings & behavior.
  4. 4. Main factors effect to the personality • Biological factors • Social factors • Cultural factors • Situational factors
  5. 5. Factors effect to the personality cont • Genes • Environment • Situation • Self concept • Experience • Education • Family back ground
  6. 6. Personality theories • Psycho dynamics views Sigmund freud - Psycho analysis model / Carl jung - Analytical psychology • Behavioral views B F Skinner - Operant conditioning / Ivan pavlow - Classical conditioning • Humanistic views Albert Bandura - Social learning / Carl Roggers - Person centered theory / Maslow - Self actualization • Biological views Hans Eysenk • Personality trait theories Big five personality traits / Myers Briggs type indicator
  7. 7. Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939) Psycho Analysis Model
  8. 8. Ego ^Wvq is;& ;d¾lsl nj Id ^há is;& wdYdj Super ego ^ueo is;& yDo idlaIsh
  9. 9. Super ego Ego Id Super ego Ego Id Ego Super ego Id Work base on pleasure principle. Work base on idealistic principle. Work base on realistic principle. Strong personality
  10. 10. Carl Jung : (1875 - 1961) Analytical psychology
  11. 11. Ivan Pavlov : 1849-1936 Classical conditioning
  12. 12. B F Skinner : (1904 - 1990) Operant conditioning
  13. 13. Albert Bandura : (1925) Social learning theory
  14. 14. Carl Rodgers : (1902 - 1987) Person centered theory
  15. 15. Carl Rodgers - Person centered theory cont.. Self Image Ideal self Self Image Ideal self Congruence incongruence
  16. 16. Abraham Maslow : (1908 - 1970) Self Actualization
  17. 17. Hans Eysenk : (1916 - 1997) Biological view
  18. 18. Big five personality traits (Five factor model) (J M Digman) (inventive/curious vs. consistent/cautious) efficient/organized vs. easy-going/careless (sensitive/nervous vs. secure/confident) (friendly/compassionate vs. challenging/detached) (outgoing/energetic vs. solitary/reserved)
  19. 19. Myers Briggs type indicator (Isabel Briggs Myer / Kaththarine Briggs)
  20. 20. Myers Briggs type indicator cont.. http://www.myersbriggs.org/my-mbti-personality-type/mbti-basics/ Favorite world Information Decision Structure
  21. 21. Key personality traits relevant to work behavior • Emotional intelligence - Ability to be aware of feelings, emotions & how effectively manage them. • Self esteem - Individuals self worthiness & the extend to which they regard them self as capable, successful, important & worthwhile. • Locus of control - Extend to which people tend to have control over their fate & life. • Self efficacy - Beliefs that a person have on their own capabilities • Self monitoring - Ability to adjust own behavior according to external or situational factors.

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