FEED MANAGEMENT IN
Reg. No - 200705180160
Dr. YASHASWI NAYAK
Assistant Professor, School of Applied Sciences
Centurion University of Technology and Management,
Fish feed is a major expenditure for fish
Good fish feed management can reduce
overall culture cost, improve fish farm
environment and ensure healthy growth of fish
Fish feed management includes choosing the
right feed, using a correct feeding method,
calculating the feeding cost and ensuring the
cost effectiveness of fish farm.
Categories of fishes based on food preference
• Prefers food
which are plant-
• Eats other
• Eats both plant
Few ornamental species are categorized as strictly carnivores or herbivores
Basic Food Elements Needed by Fish
Protein provides energy and builds body tissues
Carbohydrates source of energy
Fats also energy foods reserved energy
Vitamins assist in metabolic process in the body
• Oil soluble vitamins A, D, E, K
• Water soluble vitamins B, C, panthothenic acid, niacine, folic acid and others
Minerals regulate fish activities and their physical structure
1. Vegetarian feed
Wheat bran, rice bran, weed, soy dregs, flour and peanut
cakes are suitable for freshwater fish.
2. Trash fish
Fishing by- catch or small fish is suitable for marine fish.
3. Pellet feed
There are dry and moist pellets. The former is more
popular. Pellet feed is suitable for both freshwater and
How to choose right fish feed
I. The nutritional requirement of the species
IV. Storage method
VI. Environmental impacts of different feeds.
The Correct way of feeding
Feeding must not be too much and too quickly. This wastes money and pollutes
Observe how fish respond to feeding. Low consumption may be a sign of
disease or deteriorating water quality.
It is best to give frequent feeds in small quantities.
If using dry pellet feed, consider having an automatic feeding machine installed
to save manpower.
By Keeping farm management record helps to control Cost and select the right
feed and management approach. It helps to detect potential disease outbreaks at an
Feeding Management Strategies
Feeding is done at least twice a day
For small fishes (live-bearers), feeding can be done based on demand (at satiation level).
Artificial feeds such as finfish feeds, prawn feeds or combination of rice bran fish meal
(20-30 fish meal, 80-70 rice bran) commonly used as feeds.
Broodstock given high protein foods.
Larvae or fry given tiny live foods (infusoria, Artemia, Moina)
Juveniles could be given commercial feeds.
Feeding is done gradually, making sure all fish have eaten.
Feeds must be evenly distributed to the grow-out areas.
Avoid wastage of feeds
Feeding management is One of the important aspects in the breeding and culture of fishes.
Feeds must be cost-effective and efficient.
Proper management of feed gives better yield.
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sustainable aquaculture development in Ghana (unpublished report of the Water Research
Institute, Council for Scientific & Industrial Research). Accra, Ghana, Council for Scientific &
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Hasan, M. R. (2010). On-farm feeding and feed management in aquaculture. FAO Aquaculture
Newsletter, (45), 48.
Goddard, S. (2012). Feed management in intensive aquaculture. Springer Science & Business
Schwarz, M. H., van Senten, J., Jahncke, M. L., & Lazur, A. M. (2019). Overview of good