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RAMP Presentation - ALNAP 2013

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RAMP Presentation - ALNAP 2013

  1. 1. Saving lives, changing minds. Rapid Mobile Phone-based Surveys (RAMP) for Evidence-based Emergency Response ALNAP 28th Annual Meeting, 5-7 March 2013, Washington, D.C. Scott Chaplowe, Senior M&E Officer, IFRC Rose Donna, Director, Jason Peat, Senior Officer Public Health, IFRC Amanda Mcclelland, Emergency Health Officer, IFRC Joel Selanikio, CEO DataDyne Group Mac Otten
  2. 2. Saving lives, changing minds. Presentation Overview Application of mobile technology (RAMP) to address specific challenges in data collection during emergency operations. 1) Introduce RAMP 2) How RAMP works 3) Emergency contexts 4) Key considerations
  3. 3. Saving lives, changing minds. What is RAMP? RAMP (Rapid Mobile Phone-based Surveys) is a survey methodology utilizing mobile phones to help RCRC National Societies, governments, NGOs and other partners efficiently conduct quality surveys that:  Reduced time  Reduced cost  Improved quality assurance  Limited external technical assistance
  4. 4. Saving lives, changing minds. RAMP Background ( 1. Developed by IFRC in partnership with WHO, CDC, and other partners. 2. Initial focus = malaria program household surveys  Four pilots in Africa 2011-2012 (Kenya, Namibia and Nigeria), 3. Refine and developed trio of user guides: 1. Designing a RAMP survey 2. Implementing a RAMP survey 3. Training a RAMP survey team 4. Scale-up to other program areas – increase survey functionality – use of SMS
  5. 5. Saving lives, changing minds. RAMP takes advantage of 2 technologies 1. Mobile phone to collect data (Low-cost, standard mobile phones, as well as Android, Symbian, Blackberry, SMS, and iPhone) 2. Web-based software application Enables mobile phones to become a data collection platform
  6. 6. Saving lives, changing minds. How does RAMP work? 5. Data Reports 2. Data collection on phone 1. Develop survey on website 3. Transmit data 4. Collate/analyze data on computer
  7. 7. Saving lives, changing minds. Connectivity Internet Required • Create/edit surveys • View/export data • Create reports Internet Not Required • Collect data Can be cellular, wifi, cable
  8. 8. Saving lives, changing minds. Data monitoring and analysis  Preliminary analysis available before data collection is complete
  9. 9. Saving lives, changing minds. Survey bulletins/updates Full survey reports Timely Reporting
  10. 10. Saving lives, changing minds. Digital Data Collection – Changing the way we work  Paper questionnaires filled out in the field  Data entered into a computer at a central location  Data analysis and reporting often takes months to complete  Local capacity is often under- utilized and there is a dependence on external experts  Mobile and internet-based technologies used to reduce time for data collection to reporting  Enables rapid reporting of results, decision making, and action  Empowers local ownership of evaluation and research The “old” The “new”
  11. 11. Saving lives, changing minds. Vaccination coverage Surveillance Supply chain management Household surveys Clinic surveys Supervisory checklists Anything that can be put on a form
  12. 12. Saving lives, changing minds. RAMP Potential in Emergencies? Beginning to explore the potential of RAMP in emergency context:  Site assessment – needs, damage  Community assessment – needs, damage  Beneficiary registration  Distribution of emergency (and non-emergency) items  Baseline/endline data collection (monitoring and impact study)  Repeated surveys to track time trends for key indicators  Beneficiary communication – (broadcast Terra)  Beneficiary/community monitoring  Disaster preparedness – EWS monitoring
  13. 13. Saving lives, changing minds. SMS Disease Surveillance Systems  Piloting in community based disease surveillance  Sierra Leone – 400 community volunteers distributing ORS.  Referred only 5% of cases of AWD they saw in community = only 5% of cases were potentially recorded in normal MoH system.  RAMP allows real time communication and data gathering suitable for this context.  Problems with integration and harmonization of data between community and MoH.  But SMS proved real time information to assist program prioritization in outbreak scenarios.
  14. 14. Saving lives, changing minds. SMS Considerations  Simplified questions rather than full surveys  Coding syntax with 2 to 7 key variables as best practice  Quantity of messages handled depend on networks, and whether staggered or simultaneous reporting.  Paper form can be used to facilitate data entry to SMS  Quality assurance auto feedback  Reminder SMS to field person to report data at a set time  Thank you SMS to confirm receipt of data.  Ability to send airtime to the mobile account if someone reports from a common central account.
  15. 15. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits?
  16. 16. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits – decision making  Data rapidly available for decision-making  Maintain data control  Scalable for studies of varying sizes  Shared, electronic database to compare across contexts and with partners to build a body of evidence related to impact
  17. 17. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits - management  Cost effective  Do not have to reinvent the wheel – Adaptable RAMP toolkit  Consultants not required  No software licensing or subscriptions  Multiple languages (depending on program)  Export data for custom analysis using any statistical analysis package  Additional SMART phone features
  18. 18. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits - management  Online library of survey forms  Collect and aggregate data form multiple areas and partners  Ease of creating and changing analyses/reports  Efficient reporting and dissemination
  19. 19. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits - Fieldworkers • Build local capacity for M&E • Standard and familiar mobile phones • No more paper to collect, transport or return • Automated data submission (assuming network)
  20. 20. Saving lives, changing minds. Benefits - Quality Assurance  Remote QA:  Enables monitoring of survey team work rate, productivity and quality  Monitor times/location of data collection (time/date data stamps)  Provide feedback remotely  Efficient data management reduces “paper” mistakes  Easier to back-up forms/data  Reduced error of repetitive data entry and re-entry  Easier to change and update forms  Immediate QA:  Real-time error analysis and field correction  Utilize skip patterns, custom logic and validation
  21. 21. Saving lives, changing minds. Reality Check!  Not suitable for very long questionnaires  No “magic bullet” –work is still in the details!  Things to improve – i.e. offline form generation  Technology is a moving target – (hardware and software)  Challenges resource development/training  (But also means improvements and reduced costs)
  22. 22. Saving lives, changing minds. Questions to Consider  What applications do you see for mobile data collection in the humanitarian sector?  What has worked well?  What hasn’t worked well?
  23. 23. Saving lives, changing minds. Package of field-friendly User Guides: 1. Volume 1: Designing a RAMP survey: technical considerations 2. Volume 2: Implementing a RAMP survey: practical field guide 3. Volume 3: Training a RAMP survey team: guide for trainers Living archive of additional resources:  Example database and STATA files for data cleaning and analysis of a sample malaria survey  Latest up-to-date malaria questionnaires and STATA files for data cleaning and analysis  Country reports and results bulletins, information, useful links