1. SHIVAM MITTAL | 2013BPLN023
BPLN0507: SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIA
Solar Energy in India
In The News
• Solar energy is an energy source that involves
tapping the radiant light energy emitted by the
sun and converting it into electricity.
• The Hydrogen atoms in the sun’s core combine
to form Helium and generate energy in a
process called Nuclear Fusion.
• Solar energy is by far the Earth’s most
available energy source
SUN RADIATES MORE ENERGY
IN ONE DAY THAN THE WORLD
USES IN ONE YEAR.
SOURCE: CALIPSO OUTREACH
Directly converts solar energy
into electrical energy
• CONCENTRATED SOLAR POWER
Use mirrors to focus sunlight
The heated liquid make steam to produce
• SPACE HEATING
Passive Solar Home
Active Solar Homes
• WATER HEATING
Can reduce water heating bill
by as much as 50 percent.
Heating water for bathing,
dishwashing, and clothes
5. SOLAR ENERGY IN INDIA
• India receives adequate solar radiation for 300 days
• This amounts to 3,000 hours of sunshine equivalent
to over 5,000 trillion kWh.
Central Govt. Policy State Govt. Policy REC Scheme
State Installed Cap
State Installed Capa
State Installed Capa
Rajasthan 889 Gujarat 974 Rajasthan 210
298 Maharashtra 121
India Total 1,354 India Total 2,056 India Total 601
Total: 4,011 MW ≈10% of renewable energy generating capacity installed
7. Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission’10
• One of the initiatives under NAPCC.
• Inaugurated on 11th January, 2010with a target of 20GW by 2022
• This was later increased to 100 GW in 2015 Union budget of India
2010-13 2013-17 2017-22
Utility Grid Power 1,000-2,000 4,000-10,000 20,000
Off grid Solar Applications(MW) 200 1000 2000(10000)
Solar Collectors (sq. m.) 7 million 15 million 20 million
SOURCE: JNNSM, PHASE-II POLICY DOCUMENT
• Gujarat was the first state to
launch its solar policy in 2009
• Today, total 15 states have
their own Solar Energy Policy.
• Excise cut
• Increase the Clean Energy Cess
• Initial outlay of ₹ 75 Crore for
SOURCE: BIDGE TO INDIA
• Accelerated Depreciation:
80% of total investment can be claimed as
depreciation in the first year.
• Capital Subsidies:
Capital subsidy of 15% is applicable to rooftop
solar power plants, up to a max. of 500 kW.
• Renewable Energy Certificates:
Tradable certificates - financial incentives for
every unit of power generated
MAKE IN INDIA
• First Renewable Energy Global Investment
Promotion Meet & Expo
• Encourage investors for setting up projects
of Renewable Energy in India.
• 300,000 long term recurring jobs would
• Average power tariff of ₹ 6.3/kWh
reduced to ₹ 5-8/kWh with rooftop
solar supplies power.
10. • Aims at minimum 10% reduction in projected
demand of conventional energy at the end of
• Population between 0.5 to 50 lakh
• Financial support up to of 50 lakh for each city
SOLAR CITY PROGRAMME
• Web based platform
• Latest updates, policy frameworks, procedural details of approvals and clearances, etc.
• comprehensive description of the step-by-step processes needed for commissioning of sol
ar projects in the state of Rajasthan
SOLAR PARKS SCHEME
• MNRE plans to set up 25 solar parks, each
with a capacity of 500 MW and above
• Currently 10 Solar Parks/ Ultra Mega Solar
Power Projects are proposed in India
• The proposed Solar Park at Rewa, MP
would be among world’s largest facility
of its kind with capacity of 750 MW.
India currently has around 1.2 million solar home lighting systems and 3.2 million solar lanterns.
Solar lamps and lighting
By 2012, a total of 4,600,000 solar lanterns and 861,654 solar powered home lights had been
By March 2012, 7,771 solar PV water pumping systems had been installed.
Solar water heaters
Bangalore has the largest deployment of roof top solar water heaters in India. These heaters
generate an energy equivalent of 200 MW.
12. PROJECT CASE STUDY
GUJARAT SOLAR PARK
• Gujarat Power Corporation Limited (GPCL) is the Nodal Agency for the development.
• 590 MW capacity of "Solar Park" is located at village Charanka, District Patan in Gujarat
spread across 5,384 acres of unused land.
• Solar Park also accounts for 3,42,400 tons Carbon Emission Reductions (CERs) which is one
of the largest CERs contributing Project in the Renewable Energy Sector.
• Development cost was ₹ 4500 Crores (₹ 550 Crores for infrastructure and land acquisition
and ₹ 3,996 crores for Solar Power Plant)
• Employment for more than 1,000 people on permanent basis.
13. IN THE NEWS
• Out of the proposed 60 solar cities, sanctions have
been issued for 50 cities for which master plans
have been prepared for 46
• in-principle approvals for 5 cities.
• 8 cities are to be developed as Model Solar Cities
• 15 cities will be developed asPilot Solar Cities
Kochi airport becomes world’s first to
operate on solar power
The Indian Express-18-Aug-2015
Mandatory solar panels imposed by
Haryana govt. still only on paper
Hindustan Times, Gurgaon, Aug 22, 2015
Adani to set up country's largest solar
park of 10,000 MW in Rajasthan
Joint venture to set up solar park in Kasaragod
DNA, Tuesday, 16 June 2015
Onmanorama, Tuesday 25 August 2015
Master plans approved for 50 solar cities
Times Of India, New Delhi, Aug 23, 2015
Centre sanctions 1500 MW Solar Park in Andhra
Pradesh The Hindu, Hyderabad, August 14, 2015
• Availability of Land
Generating 1 MW of solar power requires 5 acres of land over which the PVCs are spread.
• Land acquisition issues
Time consuming, costly and cumbersome
• Poor financial health of DISCOMs
• Ability of the grid to absorb a high share of renewables
• Availability of debt-financing
International debt appetite for solar projects in India is very limited
INDICATIVE SOLAR PV COSTS OVER TIME
• The great thing about solar power is
that it is a technology and not a fuel.
• It is unlimited and the more it is
deployed the cheaper it would be.
• Solar Energy Corporation of India
• Ministry of New and renewable Energy
• Gujarat Power Corporation Ltd.