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IOL power calculation

  1. IOL power calculation after refractive surgery A. Peyman, MD
  2. IOL power calculation: IOL power AL ELP K
  3. Effective lens position (ELP) is the most challenging part ELP K AL ACD
  4. Problems with calculations??!  Problems with AL measurements after refractive surgery?!  Errors of keratometry
  5. Cornea power determination  Our instruments calculate corneal power indirectly
  6.  Because standard keratometry measures only the anterior corneal curvature, the posterior curvature is extrapolated based on the normal anterior/posterior curvature ratio. This extrapolation is no longer valid after laser vision correction
  7. Erroneous effective IOL position prediction  Standard IOL power formulae use the axial length and corneal power to predict the position of the IOL postoperatively.
  8.  Refractive surgery changes the corneal power but not the depth of the lens, leading to an error in ELP prediction  After myopic laser, the corneal power is decreased and the ELP estimates become too low.
  9.  This leads to an underestimation of the IOL power that is required after myopic laser.  Overestimation of IOL power occurs after hyperopic laser.
  10. Methods to Obtain the True Corneal Power after Refractive Surgery
  11. Clinical history method  The corneal power is calculated by subtracting the change in manifest refraction at the corneal plane induced by the refractive surgical procedure from the corneal power values obtained before refractive surgery.  K=KPRE-RCC
  12. Limitations:  unavailability or inaccuracy of data  interval changes in the corneal curvature or lens power and clarity
  13. Contact lens over-refraction method  Corneal power is calculated as the sum of the contact lens base curve, power, and over- refraction minus the spherical equivalent of the manifest refraction without a contact lens.  is not suitable for cases of dense cataracts
  14. Topography-Based Post-LASIK Adjusted Keratometry  Koch and Wang Formula  K=1.1141×TK -6.1  Shammas Formula  K=1.14×TK -6.8
  15. Net corneal power measurement  obtaining accurate corneal power: to directly measure both anterior and posterior corneal curvature  Orbscan  Pentacam  OCT
  16. IOL Power Formulae for Post- Refractive Surgery Eyes
  17. Double-K Formulae  pre-refractive surgery corneal power (or an estimate of it) is used in the ELP prediction formula.  This reduces the error in post-refractive surgery ELP calculation.
  18.  Double-K versions are available:  SRK/T  Hoffer Q  Holladay II
  19. Haigis-L Formula  built-in for IOLMaster.  Corneal power is calculated by inputting IOL- Master biometry
  20. Masket Formula  P=PTARG-0.326×RCC -0.101 PTARG: IOL power calculated by standard IOL formulas RCC: surgically induced refractive change (SRK/T: myopes; Hoffer Q : hyperopes)
  21. Koch and Wang Nomogram Adjustment  This nomogram is easy to use by just look up the axial length of the patient and add or subtract the adjusted IOL power to the IOL power.
  22.  This formula is a regression formula based on statistics.  Accuracy may decrease if the eye is on the edge of normal distribution (high myopic or high hyperopic eyes).
  23. How to use online calculator of the ASCRS  Go online and type:
  24. Enter pre-op data  Stable refraction 6-12 months following LASIK/PRK
  25. Post-op data
  26. Phakic IOL power calculation
  27. Necessary information  Pre-op refraction  Corneal power  Expected position of the lens
  28. Table