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Environmental design i

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN- I Supraja Irukumati KSSEM Bangalore
  2. What is an Enivironmental design? • It is not a new word , it has been part of our ancient architecture if we keenly observe engineering challenges were answered with a delicate design intelligence in our ancient structures. Environmental design means technologically feasible, economically viable, an integrated approach ….etc many definitions arrive in to picture. An environmental design is a way to show simplicity at each and every step of the process to achieve a sustainable and eco-friendly results. Eg: In 500BCE ancient greeks designed their houses to capture the solar energy , by building south facing houses and this was followed by romans too. Source of info : wikipedea
  3. IS ED ESSENTIAL ? • Necessity of ED is a must to protect our environment and securing our natural resources to our future generations. • ED does’nt mean that we can redesign the product and processes, again which is an expensive job . ED and it’s principles must be applied at the initial stages only. • ED focus is not only on products and processes but also utilitarian oriented. • Eg. Best examples are some of the rail systems which covers a number of counties , results in a good control of traffic and fuel consumption. BART(Bay area rapid transit ) started with covering 4 counties from Sanfransisco , extended up to 9 counties with around 50 stations. The design was feasible for extension.
  4. Principles of ED • Environmental degradation can dampen or reverse the economic development. Thus we need some principles in environmental design • 1. Various objectives required in design are taken in to account with respect to environmental design principles , where economic efficiency and practicality are the factors of environmental economics. • 2.The core environmental objective is overall sustainability which includes use of resources , various stages of production. The end to end results include recycling, Discarding , waste management etc.
  5. • 3. Sustainability is the main focus of ED , the other objectives are restoration and enhancement of landscapes. • 4.Environmental objectives differ from project to project , so it should be stated explicitly in detail with respect to the principle objectives which needs acceptance from administrators, sponsors and designers. • 5. Environment consists many sectors and it is multi-disciplinary. Thus the objectives of ED is also a multi-disciplinary exercise. • 6. ED need to be designed with a more conscious definition, where integrated approach is possible. • Eg: APPLE had given a detailed report .the following link contains it •
  6. Benefits of ED 1.ED provides more business, by promising a healthy environment with your design. Use of ED can create a unique , beautiful appearance too. 2. The basic concepts of ED in any design should be able to - Reduce environmental impact of product during the process - Optimize the usage of raw materials and energy - Mange waste and prevent pollution by gradually improving the conditions - Cut costs , a economically viable design - Meet the consumers need by reaching their expectations in terms of reasonable price, steady performance and quality of the product. - Increase the market demand for that particular product.
  7. Benefits of ED • Benefits of ED cannot be restricted to a particular number, there are many • Eg: environmental benefits of a life cycle design of concrete bridges. The following link contains the information. • http://www.nrc- 9675.pdf
  8. Motivation for ED • Motivation of ED can be implemented in either or both the ways of the following - Internal drives ( with in the company) - External drives ( with in the immediate surroundings) Internal Driving forces are : - Need for increased product quality - Image improvement - Need to reduce costs - Need to stimulate innovation - Employee motivation - Sense of responsibility
  9. Motivation for ED • External Driving forces are: - Government policies - Market demand /competiton - Trade/industrial organizations - Waste charges - Environmental requirements for design awards
  10. Motivation for ED Conferences on environmental impact can bring much awareness and motivate. In jan 2011 national conference on green design was held at NEW DELHI. Link to the details. Environmental design research association had given great places award for SOAK explains mumbai in an estuary. Link gives detailed info. awards-mainmenu-187/486-2010-great-places-award- winners-announced#SOAK Like the above there are many examples which will allow more invention in ED by motivating.
  11. ED and environmental practices • Sustainable development is the main consideration during economic decission making. The present trend of ED and sustainable development plays a vital role in handling situations because of more awareness compared to previous two decades. • Government and private organizations, individuals are part of the ED and sustainable development. • Industry ecology is one of the field with more innovations which is leading to achieve a sustainable industrial production and international economy has been part of the process. • Environmental practices and ED are the main factors in preventing pollution.
  12. ED and environmental practices • By handling the processes carefully at each every step of the production , recycling ,waste management is possible to prevent pollution. • Securing natural resources and protecting tourism places is possible by introducing the ED and sustainable development. The following case study will give a basic idea. • articulosPDF/sustainable_tourism_in_pa_guidelines.pdf • The following link too provides in handling chemical and gaseous wastes , union carbide’s gas leakage in Bhopal is taken as one of the major disasters in the world. • articulosPDF/sustainable_tourism_in_pa_guidelines.pdf
  13. Occupational health and safety • It is a cross disciplinary area linked with safety at the work place. • Legal occupational requirements should be included with a serious law so that organizations will adhere to the moral responsibilities. • ED can be helpful in this field with many strategies.
  14. ED for manufactured products • Manufacturing a product should promise that it has a life cycle in production which reduces environmental impact and economically feasible. • Philips and Wipro with their energy saving methods and products are gradually heading to wards a great success. • As Our book mentions Electrolux is a very good example . • The various key factors which should be included in the ED and production are performance, appearance, manufacturing costs, durability, safety, service, ease of manufacture. • Eureka forbes has their own institute of environment, which is a non-profit body is handling their products with a great care. • environment.aspx
  15. ED considerations in product life stages • ED considerations and stages of life cycle varies from product to product, in general the following can be considered as implications - Extraction of raw materials - Manufacture - Distribution and transportation - Use and maintenance - Disposal
  16. ED tools • Design for sustainability which requires ED tools to help the designers or scientists to insert the environmental requirements to complete the design. • Any eco-design needs to promise a lifecycle assessment and sustainability of the product. • ED follows various strategies like - Product life extension , reliability and durability - Extending the process by recycling - Reduced use of materials - switching from non-renewable to renewable resources - Energy efficiency - Pollution prevention
  17. Environmental cycle assessment(ECA) • This is the first comprehensive guide to green design, economic input-output life cycle assessment. • LCA is a technique in estimating and accessing all of the environmental impacts associated with a production process . • LCA is a time consuming process and huge data is required . • The data gathering stage known as life cycle inventory(LCI) often gives a promise on improvement on its own.
  18. ECO - labelling • ECO labelling is broadly classified as - Type1 - Type2 - Type3 An eco label is an approved label for green products. An eco label provides a authoritative guidance to the consumers to choose a product for environmental reasons and at the same time an encouragement for the product which is eco-friendly.
  19. Eco labels