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BY PADAMATIKONA SWAPNIKA
153710006, mudd 2nd sem, FOA, MIT
SEMINAR TOPIC
WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE F...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
IMPORTANCE OF WATER CONSERVATION AND POLICIES:
• WHO...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
HISTORY OF WATER CONSERVATION IN INDIA:
• In ancient...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
TRADITIONAL WATER CONSERVATION METHODS:
• The knowle...
TRADITIONAL WATER CONSERVATION METHODS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF INDIA:
• The knowledge of hydrology is deep rooted in the sci...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
FAMOUS INDIAN WATER CONSERVATIONISTS AND THEIR WORKS...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
WATER CONSERVATIONIST WORKS AD THEIR WORKS:
Sri vish...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
STAKE HOLDERS:
Main stakeholders role in water conse...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
URBAN WATER SERVICES CURRENT STATUS IN INDIA:
Though...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
GUIDELINES:
TO WATER CONSERVATION:
• follow rainwate...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
GUIDELINES:
TO POLICIES:
AT HOUSEHOLD LEVEL:
• To en...
SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
CONCLUSION:
• By figuring out how much water is used...
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water conservation and policies for sustainable future

hi guys!! here you can check out importance and history of water conservation in india in this ppt . you can also check traditional water conservation methods which were practised in different parts of india . this ppt also presenting famous water conservationists and their works along with guidelines.

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water conservation and policies for sustainable future

  1. 1. BY PADAMATIKONA SWAPNIKA 153710006, mudd 2nd sem, FOA, MIT SEMINAR TOPIC WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
  2. 2. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE IMPORTANCE OF WATER CONSERVATION AND POLICIES: • WHO estimated that by 2025, around 180 crores of population will suffer with scarcity of water. • According to falkanmark water stress indicator, when annual water supplies drop below 1,700 cubic metres per person per year, then that region is experiencing ‘water stress’. • Water shortage is between 1,700 to 1,900 m3/person/year • water scarcity is below 1,000 m3/person/year. In 2006, about 700 million people in 43 countries were living below 1,700m3/person/year. • the water crisis has occurred because of a lack of property rights, government regulations and subsidies in the water sector. • The only controllable factor to cut the issues is good management and conserving water by implementing good policies to lift water scarcity level more than 1,700m3/person/year
  3. 3. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE HISTORY OF WATER CONSERVATION IN INDIA: • In ancient days, people have practiced many water conservation methods to overcome from water scarcity. The following examples are given to understand the different types of water conservation methods in different regions Civilization/ region Water conservation methods 1 Indus valley civilization (5000 years ago) FAMOUS FOR most sophisticated urban water supply and sewage systems in the world. well next to drain at lothalIT’S FUNCTION It was well acquainted with hygiene and sanitation is evident from the covered drains running beneath the streets of the ruins at both mohenjodaro and Harappa 2 Naneghat, 130kms from pune situated in western ghats FAMOUS FOR forts having its own water harvesting and storage system in the form of rock-cut ciserns, ponds, tanks and wells IT’S FUNCTION A large number of tanks were cut in the rocks to provide drinking water to tradesmen who used to travel along this ancient trade route. 3 Western parts of rajasthan FAMOUS FOR forts, palaces and dwellings having rooftop water harvesting system IT’S FUNCTION Scanty, rainwater from these rooftops was directed into underground tanks 4 burhanpur (MP), Golconda(A.P) ,bijapur(KA)an d Aurangabad FAMOUS FOR Earthern pipes and tunnels IT’S FUNCTION Earthern pipes and tunnels are placed at underground to maintain the flow of water besides transporting it to distant places 5 Ancient parts of india FAMOUS FOR Water purification IT’S FUNCTION brass vessels were considered good for storing drinking water, which now has been corroborated scientifically. Microbiologists affirm that water stored in brass containers can help combat many water-borne diseases. Rock- cut ciserns In the Palace - The outlet from which all the rainwater from the roofs drained into large tanks
  4. 4. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE TRADITIONAL WATER CONSERVATION METHODS: • The knowledge of hydrology is deep rooted in the science of ancient India. Our ancestors applied the knowledge in water resource engineering. Every region of our country had its own water harvesting techniques, reflecting the geographical peculiarities and cultural uniqueness of different communities. talabswater path johads jhalars Step wells kundsBaoris/bers
  5. 5. TRADITIONAL WATER CONSERVATION METHODS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF INDIA: • The knowledge of hydrology is deep rooted in the science of ancient India. Our ancestors applied the knowledge in water resource engineering. Every region of our country had its own water harvesting techniques, reflecting the geographical peculiarities and cultural uniqueness of different communities. The system involved construction of long lines of underground tunnels with vertical airshafts to tap the underground water flow- Burhanpur town (Madhya Pradesh). Tank connected with Guiding Channels- himalayan region Concept of Oorani –south india Pat system – eastern india Water Distribution from Kuhl to Farms- western himalayas Inundation Channel- bengal Ahar-Pyne System- south bihar Phad, kere in deccan plateau SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
  6. 6. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE FAMOUS INDIAN WATER CONSERVATIONISTS AND THEIR WORKS: Sri.Anil kumar agarwal • founder of the Centre for Science and Environment • spearheaded the Jal Swaraj campaign • spent his lifetime advocating policies that involve the people in natural resource management and learn from India’s own traditions. • He interacted with grassroot-level water harvesters, inspired and supported them and helped them in their traditional water harvesting systems campaign • His two books:Aaj bhi khare hai talab and Rajasthan ki rajat boonde. Sri.Anupam mishra FAMOUS FOR: Awareness programs, traditional water harvesting systems FAMOUS FOR: traditional water harvesting systems, environmental protection system Sri. Professor Vaidyanathan • He is an eminent agricultural scientist • Specialist in management of tanks. • His two books: Water Resource Management: Institutions and Irrigation in India', 'Tanks of South India' and 'Managing Water Scarcity: Experiences and Lessons' • Popularly known as the 'Rainman of Canara Coast' • used his journalistic skills to create a strong farmer network throughout western Karnataka and north Kerala. Sri. padre FAMOUS FOR: Awareness FAMOUS FOR: management of tanks
  7. 7. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE WATER CONSERVATIONIST WORKS AD THEIR WORKS: Sri vishwanath • Popularly known as zenrainman • His gospel weaves its way into the policy encouraging rainwater harvesting, which had since been incorporated into the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage (Amendment) Act, 2009 that makes rainwater harvesting mandatory in the city • He helped the local community for the rejuvenation of Jakkur lake FAMOUS FOR: rainwater harvestment Sri . Rajendra singh known as "waterman of India", he won the Stockholm Water Prize, an award known as "the Nobel Prize for water", in 2015 for his pioneering work in community-based efforts in water harvesting and water management. He runs an NGO called 'Tarun Bharat Sangh' (TBS), which was founded in 1975 Since 1985 Rajendra and his groups have built 4,500 johads, to collect rainwater in some 850 villages in 11 districts in India, This is giving people their livelihood back the people in these villages Rajendra Singh with newly constructed Check dam FAMOUS FOR: water harvestment
  8. 8. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE STAKE HOLDERS: Main stakeholders role in water conservation/ water supply: the private sector town residents at household-level provincial organizations government ministries and agencies PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS: people, groups and institutions affected positively (beneficiaries) or negatively (involuntarily resettled) by the proposed program SECONDARY STAKEHOLDERS: people, groups and institutions that are important intermediaries in the program delivery process (e.g. government line agencies, NGOs) PO WER INTEREST MATRIX OF STAKE HOLDERS DESCRIPTION OF THE MAIN STAKEHOLDER GROUPS INVOLVMENT IN WATER CONSERVATION: Government Administration and Related Structures : Cabinet of Ministers Regional Administration District Administration City Administration Committee Street Elders Executing agency and related structures Program Steering Committee, PMU and PIU’s Government Ministries Ministry of Finance Ministry of Economy Ministry of Labour and Social Security Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources Ministry of Health Department of Health and District Department of Health State Sanitary and Epidemiology Inspectorate State Committee on Geological and Mineral Resources (SCGMR) Ministry of Public Education Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized and Professional Education State Committee for Architecture and Construction State Committee for Environment and Nature Protection Ministry of Energy Water users Households Private sector enterprises and businesses Local building contractors
  9. 9. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE URBAN WATER SERVICES CURRENT STATUS IN INDIA: Though government framed norms and standards for proper water supply, due to poor urban governance and policies urban areas couldn’t reach the standards. To overcome from this problem, strong schemes and policies should be implement by government . NORMS AND STANDARDS BY GOVERNMENT URBAN WATER SERVICES CURRENT STATUS
  10. 10. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE GUIDELINES: TO WATER CONSERVATION: • follow rainwater harvesting • preserve historical water bodies • preserve/construct ponds • reuse/ re treatment of water • rooftop rainwater harvesting • lake type borewell recharging • infiltration wells • stream water harvesting • seepage recharging • sump type borewell recharging • non-irrigational agricultural practices • tree-based agriculture SUGGESSIONS TO GOVERNMENT: • Hold ward-level meetings. Recognition for those who have harvested rainwater. • Conserve lakes. They must be fed treated sewage through a wetland. Remove encroachments. • Formation of local area committees to maintain lakes. These should be given a budget — a couple of lakhs — to maintain lakes SUGGESSIONS TO MUNICIPAL BODIES: • Municipal laws should provide for collection of rain water from roof tops and implement it. • Individual awareness is very important in water conservation.
  11. 11. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE GUIDELINES: TO POLICIES: AT HOUSEHOLD LEVEL: • To encourage low flush shower heads and toilets • Raw water flushing where toilets use sea water or non-purified water • Reuse of gray water for flushing toilets or watering gardens • High-efficiency clothes washers • To have water meters at every building • Garden hose nozzels that shut off water when it is not being used, instead of letting a hose run. • Low flow taps in wash basins • Swimming pool covers that reduce evaporation and can warm pool water to reduce water, energy and chemical costs AT CITY LEVEL: • To protect water from pollution by passing strict laws • To redistribute water properly • To Rational use of ground water • To population control • To renovate traditional water resources • To improve flood management which involves multiple engineering projects that can fall under one of two categories. Hard engineering projects are ones that involve the construction of artificial structures that, through a combination of science, technology and a bit of brute force, prevent a river from flooding. Soft engineering projects are the opposite. These projects use natural resources and local people’s knowledge of the river to reduce the risk posed by a flood. • To use of geothermal water • To conserve water in industries • Recycling of waste water through purification at a water treatment plant
  12. 12. SEMINAR TOPIC: WATER CONSERVATION & POLICIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE CONCLUSION: • By figuring out how much water is used from flushing a toilet, high flow taps in wash basins, water leakages, watering lawns – it’s time to educate people on how much water they are wasting and can allow them to take action and save more water. If every household were to install water saving toilets, we would save millions gallons of water each day. This is just one example how as a community could save a tons of water • Its government responsibility to implement strict policies/penalties on public to conserve more water . Many people are constructing buildings in catchment basins and demolishing natural storage of water which is causing floods in cities. For better flood management in cities, conserve catchment basins and encourage/construct more different types of traditional water storages in cities. Taking care of our planet is a big responsibility. If we all work together, we can bring change not only with water , but with air ,land, energy others. Everything lies in our hand only. THANK U

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