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Disrupting and Enhancing Healthcare with the Internet of Things

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Talk given to graduate students of the Heath, Technology & Engineering program at USC on 6 Mar 2013. Covers some basics of Internet of Things (IoT), some example healthcare-related IoT device, and how IoT can change how we approach healthcare.

Publicado en: Salud y medicina
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Disrupting and Enhancing Healthcare with the Internet of Things

  1. 1. Disrupting and Enhancing Healthcare with the Internet of Things Health, Technology & Engineering Program @ USC 6 Mar 2013 Tod E. Kurt
  2. 2. What I’ll be talking about ■ Internet of Things ■ Current IoT-based Devices in Healthcare ■ Developing your own IoT Devices
  3. 3. Who I Am
  4. 4. My Arduino work Spooky Arduino ScrewShield Wiichuck adapter Teaching Products
  5. 5. The Day Job
  6. 6. WineM GlowPull Technology Sketches
  7. 7. BlinkM Smart LEDs
  8. 8. blink(1) USB notification light
  9. 9. Internet of Things aka “ubiquitous computing”, “networked objects”, et al
  10. 10. Internet of Things Perception + Computation + Networking inside everyday objects might be aware of location, people, objects might be on the Internet, might on totally private Net might be stand-alone or use a “gateway”
  11. 11. Internet of Things Examples of proto-IoT My Fedex package blogs to me
  12. 12. Internet of Things My car seat remembers who I am Examples of proto-IoT
  13. 13. Internet of Things Where we are at today Egg Minder Tile Nest
  14. 14. Moore’s Law the graph we are used to seeing
  15. 15. Moore’s Law, also per-transistor cost of CPUs
  16. 16. Information Processing as Material 1989: $900 2009: $0.47 33 MHz, 20 MIPs 20 MHz, 20 MIPs We are headed towards computation being a nil cost add-on
  17. 17. IoT and Healthcare ■ Disruption through Pervasive Data Collection ■ Disruption through Doctor-Patient Disintermediation ■ Disruption through Rapid Product Design How is IoT changing healthcare?
  18. 18. Pervasive Data Collection “Need More Input!”
  19. 19. Environmental Monitoring Safecast Radiation Maps of Fukushima ■ Decentralized groups build datasets needed for analyzing health impacts ■ Part of the “Citizen Science” movement – anyone can join ■ Qualified sensors and processes ensure data quality
  20. 20. Personal Environmental Monitoring ■ Air quality monitor: temp, humidity, CO, NO2, ■ Body monitor: heart rate, breathing rate, activity level, core temp ■ Measures body response to environmental conditions ■ Logs to cloud for aggregate analysis AirCasting w/ BioHarness
  21. 21. Patient Monitoring An example: FDA approved Proteus “digital pill” ■ Ingestible or wearable sensors allow 24/7 data collection ■ Track drug dosage over time, compliance, vitals ■ Data uploaded to cloud service for inspection by doctors
  22. 22. Patient Self-Monitoring An example: Fitbit ■ Small sensor measures movement gait & speed, sleep patterns ■ Turns data collection into game w/others ■ Upload historical data to the cloud for future reference ■ New apps use sensor in new ways
  23. 23. Disintermediation “A doctor in every home”
  24. 24. ■ Direct, distributed medical care at home, at work ■ Information flows from doctor to patient, complements data flow from patient ■ Not too many examples of this yet, compared to data collection ■ So instead let’s look at one example in detail Disintermediation
  25. 25. Example: GlowCaps ■ Cloud-connected pill bottles ■ Log when drugs are taken ■ Reminders when not taken ■ “Press for Refill” ■ Uses cell network so no setup required
  26. 26. GlowCaps
  27. 27. Rapid Product Design “Hack your way to success”
  28. 28. Rapid Product Design ■ Three main areas of product design: ■ Software (“apps”) — everyone does this ■ Electronics — Arduino or similar ■ Enclosure / Mechanical — 3D printers } Expertise for all three found in garages & hackerspaces
  29. 29. Arduino ■ A microcontroller board ■ A collection of add-ons (code & hardware) ■ An open source application for Mac / Windows / Linux ■ A community What is it?
  30. 30. Arduino But most importantly, Arduino is: an open, community-focused way of encouraging rapid-prototyping What is it? “What’s the quickest way to solve this problem?” not: “What’s the cheapest / smallest / most efficient way to solve this problem?”
  31. 31. Arduino Boards Explosion of different form-factors
  32. 32. Arduino Shields “shields” = stackable add-on boards for sensors, actuators, communication, etc. “317 shields from 125 makers, and counting!”
  33. 33. Arduino Software Simple but not limiting Arduino Eclipse for AVR
  34. 34. Arduino Community Forums
  35. 35. Arduino Community Wikis
  36. 36. A Simple IoT Example “Location-aware motion-detecting music player” motion detector Arduino GPS/GPRS shield MP3 shield+ + +
  37. 37. A Simple IoT Example !!! Working prototype in an afternoon “Location-aware motion-detecting music player”
  38. 38. e-Health Sensor Platform “just” another Arduino shield
  39. 39. e-Health Sensor Platform
  40. 40. Arduino as a Hardware Lingua Franca ■ No need to know the details for the common-case or to hack perturbations ■ Use it as a way of describing product topologies ■ If new tech exists, likely an Arduino example for it
  41. 41. Challenges for IoT & Healthcare ■ Ownership of data ■ Data retention policies ■ Data transmission security ■ Longevity of startups creating health-critical applications ■ Safety of prototype devices
  42. 42. @thingm / @todbot http://thingm.com/ http://todbot.com/blog/ http://crashspace.org/ Thank You
  43. 43. Hackerspaces ■ Rapid-prototyping tool repository ■ Expertise repository ■ Community Why ?
  44. 44. Hackerspace Tools3d printers? laser cutters? mills? drills? scopes? Yes.
  45. 45. Hackerspace ExpertiseNeed expert advice? Come here
  46. 46. Hackerspace CommunityLike-minded individuals can help solve problems or help prototype your project
  47. 47. Hackerspace CommunityHelped many successful projects
  48. 48. Arduino + Hackerspaces = Try Out Things Fast ■ Arduino provides a huge standardized repository of extant code and hardware ■ Hackerspaces provide tools, expertise, & friends to help out ■ Using both you can rapidly iterate new ideas ■ Rapid iteration necessary to experiment with latest Internet of Things technology

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