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WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

Work about WHO done by the students of TIAT.

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WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

  1. 1. History  It was founded on 7th April 1948 – the first World Health Day  It is a member of the United Nations Development Group  It was founded in San Francisco
  2. 2. Why was it founded?  International health cooperation began with the first International Sanitary Conference in Paris, which opened on 23rd July 1851.  The objective of this conference was to reduce to a safe minimum the conflicting and costly maritime quarantine requirements of different European nations. (…)
  3. 3. (…)  At the 1903 conference it was agreed in principle that a permanent international health bureau should be established.  The League of Nations was created as an aftermath of the First World War. (…)
  4. 4. (…)  One of its tasks was to "endeavour to take steps in matters of international concern for the prevention and control of disease". All existing international bureaux were to be placed under the direction of the League.  With the outbreak of the Second World War, international health work came almost to a standstill. (…)
  5. 5. (…)  In April 1945 (after the War), during the Conference to set up the United Nations (UN) held in San Francisco, representatives of Brazil and China proposed that an international health organization be established and a conference to frame its constitution convened.
  6. 6. What are its aims?  The Health Academy's goal is to improve knowledge about attaining and maintaining good health. Through e-Learning – which is how WHO defines learning by any electronic technology and media – the Organization has the means to reach out to people with information on disease prevention and health promotion.
  7. 7. The role of WHO in public health  WHO fulfils its objectives through its core functions:  Providing leadership on matters critical to health and engaging in partnerships where joint action is needed;  Shaping the research agenda and stimulating the generation, translation and dissemination of valuable knowledge; (…)
  8. 8. (…)  Setting norms and standards and promoting and monitoring their implementation;  Articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options;  Providing technical support, catalysing change, and building sustainable institutional capacity;  Monitoring the health situation and assessing health trends.
  9. 9. Its worldwide presence  More than 7000 people from more than 150 countries work for the Organization in 150 WHO offices in countries, territories and areas, six regional offices, at the Global Service Centre in Malaysia and at the headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
  10. 10. 194 Member states  A  Afghanistan  Albania  Algeria  Andorra  Angola  Antigua and Barbuda  Argentina  Armenia  Australia  Austria  Azerbaijan  B  Bahamas  Bahrain  Bangladesh  Barbados  Belarus  Belgium  Belize  Benin  Bhutan  Bolivia (Plurinational State of)  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Botswana  Brazil  Brunei Darussalam  Bulgaria  Burkina Faso  Burundi
  11. 11.  C  Cabo Verde  Cambodia  Cameroon  Canada  Central African Republic  Chad  Chile  China  Colombia  Comoros  Congo  Cook Islands  Costa Rica  Côte d'Ivoire  Croatia  Cuba  Cyprus  Czech Republic  D  Democratic People's Republic of Korea  Democratic Republic of the Congo  Denmark  Djibouti  Dominica  Dominican Republic  E  Ecuador  Egypt  El Salvador  Equatorial Guinea  Eritrea  Estonia  Ethiopia
  12. 12.  F  Fiji  Finland  France  G  Gabon  Gambia  Georgia  Germany  Ghana  Greece  Grenada  Guatemala  Guinea  Guinea-Bissau  Guyana  H  Haiti  Honduras  Hungary
  13. 13.  I  Iceland  India  Indonesia  Iran (Islamic Republic of)  Iraq  Ireland  Israel  Italy  J  Jamaica  Japan  Jordan  K  Kazakhstan  Kenya  Kiribati  Kuwait  Kyrgyzstan  L  Lao People's Democratic Republic  Latvia  Lebanon  Lesotho  Liberia  Libya  Lithuania  Luxembourg
  14. 14.  M  Madagascar  Malawi  Malaysia  Maldives  Mali  Malta  Marshall Islands  Mauritania  Mauritius  Mexico  Micronesia (Federated States of)  Monaco  Mongolia  Montenegro  Morocco  Mozambique  Myanmar  N  Namibia  Nauru  Nepal  Netherlands  New Zealand  Nicaragua  Niger  Nigeria  Niue  Norway  O  Oman
  15. 15.  P  Pakistan  Palau  Panama  Papua New Guinea  Paraguay  Peru  Philippines  Poland  Portugal  Q  Qatar  R  Republic of Korea  Republic of Moldova  Romania  Russian Federation  Rwanda
  16. 16.  S  Saint Kitts and Nevis  Saint Lucia  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines  Samoa  San Marino  Sao Tome and Principe  Saudi Arabia  Senegal  Serbia  Seychelles  Sierra Leone  Singapore  Slovakia  Slovenia  Solomon Islands  Somalia  South Africa  South Sudan  Spain  Sri Lanka  Sudan  Suriname  Swaziland  Sweden  Switzerland  Syrian Arab Republic  T  Tajikistan  Thailand  The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia  Timor-Leste  Togo  Tonga  Trinidad and Tobago  Tunisia  Turkey  Turkmenistan  Tuvalu
  17. 17.  U  Uganda  Ukraine  United Arab Emirates  United Kingdom  United Republic of Tanzania  United States of America  Uruguay  Uzbekistan  V  Vanuatu  Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)  Viet Nam  Y  Yemen  Z  Zambia  Zimbabwe
  18. 18. Symbol  WHO's emblem was chosen by the first World Health Assembly in 1948. The emblem consists of the United Nations symbol surmounted by a staff with a snake coiling round it. The staff with the snake has long been a symbol of medicine and the medical profession.
  19. 19. (…)  It originates from the story of Asclepius who was revered by the ancient Greeks as a god of healing and whose cult involved the use of snakes.
  20. 20. The End

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