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Research proposal

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It's helpful to understand the difference between research proposal and the research paper. It's important to write a research proposal of the projects like semester projects or FYP (Final Year Project) in Engineering & other Universities.

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Research proposal

  1. 1. .
  2. 2. . Muhammad Ali Raza 452 M. Zeeshan Shabbir 454
  3. 3. . • Research • Proposal • Research Proposal • Need • Types • Objective • Qualities
  4. 4. . • Characteristics of a good Research Proposal • Basic Structure • Parts • Flaws • Sample of a Research Proposal
  5. 5. What is Research?.
  6. 6. Research
  7. 7. . • A systematic investigation • A study of material and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
  8. 8. What is a Proposal? A proposal is a request for support of sponsored research, instruction, or extension projects. A proposal is a plan or suggestion, especially a formal or written one, put forward for consideration by others.
  9. 9. Introduction to Research Proposal
  10. 10. What is a Research Proposal? A research proposal is a document that provides a detailed description of the intended program. It is like an outline of the entire research process that gives a reader a summary of the information discussed in a project.
  11. 11. • How long should a research proposal be? It should be of almost 3-7 pages.
  12. 12. Research proposal Internal research proposal Academic research proposal Non-academic research proposal External research proposal Solicited research proposal Unsolicited research proposal
  13. 13. 1. Internal research proposal: • A one-three page memo from the researcher to manage outline the problem statements, study objectives, research design and schedule is enough to start an exploratory study. • .
  14. 14. 2. External research proposal: An external proposal is either solicited or unsolicited.
  15. 15. MUHAMMAD IBRAHIM 2014-EE-426
  16. 16. The main objective of a research proposal is to show • The proposed problem • The method • Fruitful results of research The goal of a research proposal is • to present and justify the need to study a research problem • to present the practical ways in which this research should be conducted.
  17. 17. • One page is usually sufficient for this. Writers need to tell the reader that the research can justified along four main criteria: • The size of the industry/area involved • The gaps in the literature that demand attention • The unusual or improved methodology being used • The benefits in terms of policy and practice
  18. 18. Evidence of new knowledge Contribution to knowledge It should lead to successful thesis Nature
  19. 19.  For a good Research Proposal:
  20. 20.  Avoid following things for good research proposal:
  21. 21. UMER KHALID 2015-EE-490
  22. 22. Research Problem Title Literature Review Methodology Expected Results Abstract References
  23. 23.  Abstract:
  24. 24.  Abstract contain:
  25. 25.  Research Problem: The research question may not be a question as such, but rather a statement of a problem to be investigated.
  26. 26.  Types of Research Problems: • Difference research problem • Descriptive research problem • Relational research problem
  27. 27.  Example:
  28. 28.  Introduction:
  29. 29.  Title:
  30. 30.  The Background section or Significance for the work:
  31. 31. INAM-UL-HAQ 2015-EE-496
  32. 32.  Literature review:
  33. 33.  Methodology: Data collection and its application. Description of tools , used. Methodology designing according to nature of data.
  34. 34.  Methodology: • This section should be about 1-2 pages. • Do not describe the methodology. • Explain the reasons for using, for example: A certain paradigm or theory Qualitative or quantitative research A case study of a specific kind
  35. 35.  Expected Results: • The results section of the research paper is the findings of study based upon the methodology. • The page length of this section is set by the amount and types of data to be reported. • Avoid providing data that is not critical to answering the research question.
  36. 36.  References: References are the published sources that you consulted from while writing your research paper . It includes: Title of author(s) or editor(s) Date of publication Title of chapter Title of publication (book, journal, website) Name of publisher Page numbers for chapters and journal articles
  37. 37.  Different References Styles: APA style SourceModified Harvard style Source Marshall and Rowland (2006, p.28) argue that "there is no Right way to manage your time, it makes sense to look for a range of techniques".
  38. 38. MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN SHABBIR 2015-EE-454
  39. 39.  The Table of Contents(ToC): Whether to include ToC depends on a. The direction in the guidelines b. The complexity and length of proposal • For Brief proposals • For Long proposals
  40. 40.  Motivation behind Research: Source of motivation for something different. Which general problems motivate your research? Data analysis on the facts, get from brainstorming .
  41. 41.  Time line for proposal: Provide a detailed guide as to how will you complete the work within the time specified.  It list the times and dates of each step of your proposal.  Map out what will you do and when will you do it.
  42. 42. Time division for Research: • Initial work • Field work • Library work • Preparation of report • Data processing Time division
  43. 43. Example:
  44. 44.  Budget: • It is a tabular representation of the expenses associated with the proposed project.
  45. 45. Breakdown of budget: Supplies and expenses Equipment Travel Consultant Salary
  46. 46.  Ethical Statements: • It is the permission of the appropriate authority necessary before doing the investigation for primary research. • It aims to protect both researchers and participants.
  47. 47.  Bibliography: A bibliography, sometimes, is taken to be a list of all those sources you looked at but did not cited in your proposal Its need depends on nature of proposal It may be written in APA style.
  48. 48.  Flaws in Research Proposal: Failure to be concise. Imprecise writing, or poor grammar Failure to cite landmark works in your literature review. Failure to stay focused on the research problem
  49. 49. Sample of Research Proposal:
  50. 50. • Research • Proposal • Research proposal and its Types • Elements

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