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The impotance of critical thinking

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The impotance of critical thinking

  1. 1. lecturer: N. Karapetyan Student: A. Ivanyan
  2. 2. More than 2500 years ago notable philosopher Socrates first named the term critical thinking. He established the importance of seeking evidence, closely examining reasoning and assumptions, analyzing basic concepts, and tracing out implications not only of what is said but of what is done as well. His method of questioning is now known as "Socratic Questioning" and is the best known critical thinking teaching strategy.
  3. 3. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally. It includes the ability to engage in reflective and independent thinking.
  4. 4. 1. Rationality 2. Self-awareness 3. Honesty 4. Open-mindedness 5. Discipline 6. Judgment
  5. 5. The actual teaching of critical thinking is a function of many situation-specific factors: teacher style, teacher interest, teacher knowledge and understanding, class size, cultural and community backgrounds and expectations, student expectations and backgrounds, colleagues’ expectations, recent local events, the amount of time available to teachers after they have done all the other things they have to do, and teacher grasp of critical thinking, to name some major factors.
  6. 6. Critical thinking is a higher-level cognitive skill which lecturers look for in a university student. When you are completing your assignments (essay, reports, presentations, exams), you have to give evidence of critical thinking. Go beyond simple description and make sure you evaluate by weighing up the pros and cons, the strengths and weaknesses of any argument. Critical thinking provides you with an approach to information that can be very valuable and very much expected of a university graduate.
  7. 7. In a traditional English reading class, students are mainly trained to improve their language skills- first to enlarge vocabularies and then to improve reading comprehension ability. They are expected to obtain information or knowledge from the text and accept the ideas or viewpoints presented in the textbook. Most of the reading articles are literature works, humorous stories and scientific articles, but very few argumentary articles with strict logic. The reading exercises are often multiple- choice questions to test students‟ comprehension. The traditional lecturing and classroom activities are not very helpful in fostering students‟ critical thinking. So a new way to teach English reading focusing on developing students‟ critical thinking should be proposed.
  8. 8. Critical thinking enables students to:  think about and evaluate their own thinking and behavior on issues related to health education, physical education, and home economics  make reasonable and defensible decisions about issues related to individual and community well- being  challenge and take action (individually and collectively) to address social, cultural, economic, and political inequalities  understand the role and significance of the movement culture and its influence on our daily lives and the lives of people in our community