Global Accessibility Awareness Day

18 de May de 2018
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
Global Accessibility Awareness Day
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Global Accessibility Awareness Day

Notas del editor

  1. [CV:] This graph explains what colors my point of view with regard to web accessibility. The colored circles are where I draw the most insight.
  2. What benefit does it provide
  3. What percentage of people in the US do you think has a disability?
  4. [CV:] This is 19% based on self-reported disabilities. I use glasses myself, and I don’t report that as a disability. Think of 19% as an arbitrary cutoff point on a spectrum from fully-abled to severely disabled Source: https://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/miscellaneous/cb12-134.html
  5. 80.8% of the population over 90 living outside of nursing homes 98.2% of the population over 90 living in nursing homes Our efforts at accessibility are really an investment in our own futures, as we will probably age into a disability of some sort.
  6. Disability is when your abilities at a given time are not up to the task at hand.
  7. Source: Microsoft Inclusive Toolkit https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/design/inclusive
  8. Note that the concept of universal design is broader than the concept of accessible design for people with disabilities.
  9. This is the opposite of universal design… There are stigmas associated with disabilities. Would you want to wave a flag every time you go to a website that announces that you’re disabled?
  10. What benefit does it provide
  11. Color blindness example taken from https://developer.apple.com/ios/human-interface-guidelines/visual-design/color/
  12. Here are 30 of the 38 test plates used in the Ishihara color blindness test. Example http://wearecolorblind.com/example/google-analytics/
  13. Here’s an example of color coding used incorrectly. Not only is there no other affordance than color, the legend is on a printed card below the monitor.
  14. Here’s an example of how situations can mirror permanent disabilities. Anyone who has tried to see a dim smartphone screen in bright sunlight is having an experience that’s similar to low vision.
  15. This page links to https://www.winndixie.com/plenti, where the presenter shows what a web site is like for someone who can’t use a mouse/
  16. Definition from http://www.afb.org/prodBrowseCatResults.aspx?CatID=49
  17. Here is the same page in Chrome, and also with a rendering of how it would be read in a screen reader. Then pull up the page https://www.sonesta.com/us/louisiana/new-orleans/royal-sonesta-new-orleans and have it read with Voiceover.
  18. Wen you make your services accessible you reach more people
  19. Claudio can give you an example of a Title III lawsuit.
  20. Juan Carlos Gil is a blind man living in Coral Gables, who sometimes shopped at the Winn Dixie on 27th Avenue. To refill the prescription, he would go into the store and ask someone to assist him. A store employee would walk him to the area of the pharmacy and he would tell the pharmacist what he needed. But he felt uncomfortable because he did not know who else was nearby listening. Without an accessible website, his only way of getting coupons was to have a friend read the coupons from a newspaper. He would also ask employees to find coupons for him but sometimes the employees seemed annoyed by his request for help.
  21. WCAG = Web Content Accessibility Guidelines Why hasn’t WCAG gotten more traction among more web professionals?
  22. ...and yet we should be treating WCAG with the same respect and enforcement as a your local building codes. This brings us to a crossroads: Will accessibility become like tax returns, where you need an expensive professional to be compliant? -or- Can we make it easy to understand and adopt for every web professional?
  23. Web Accessibility is an all-or-nothing commitment This is what 75% accessibility looks like. (This slide also segways into next section about laws and why “A little accessibility” isn’t enough to avoid a lawsuit)
  24. Or top irritants, based on conversations with a colleague of mine who works with assistive technologies.
  25. Here, a wheelchair ramp that was built perfectly, then got obstructed with decorative planters. You can build perfect accessibility and have it rendered useless by later modifications. As an accessibility consultant, you can give a seal of approval to a site, but it only applies to the pages or templates you’ve reviewed and only for the dates you reviewed the site.
  26. This is Claudio’s unscientific blame-o-gram which shows which job functions play the biggest role in accessibility.
  27. Transition to practical examples.
  28. Putting accessibility to use
  29. The Accessibility Stack… Progressive enhancement and ARIA are the most significant concepts and tools that help people that use assistive technology, so define a baseline, use semantic HTML5 and enhance from there. The lower levels provide the most robust support for most users.
  30. Many web people like to take the focus outline away from a browser. Removing the outline happens in almost every reset stylesheet. This causes huge accessibility problems for sighted keyboard users — tab through the example and see for yourself. You can’t see where the focus is on the screen. Why? Because the focus outline was taken away, and it wasn’t replaced. Like in Raiders of the Lost Ark. And the arrows fly.
  31. DEMO COLOR CONTRAST TOOL Here’s a sample palette based around color contrast. It’s a revision of a palette from a branding company that’s treated like the Ten Commandments. A palette like this also explains where you can overlay text on a color
  32. Examples from color checking tool at http://leaverou.github.io/contrast-ratio/ WCAG AA requires 4.5:1 WCAG AAA requires 7:1 That effectively eliminates text on any midtone or bright color.
  33. Go to https://www.linkedin.com/in/anello/ and show WAVE and aXe plugins
  34. CPACC - Certified Professional in Accessibility Core Competencies WAS - Web Accessibility Specialist CPWA - Certified Professional in Web Accessibility