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The line
The line
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The line 2021

  1. 1. BASIC ELEMENTS OF VISUAL LANGUAGE
  2. 2. THE LINE
  3. 3. 1.Definition
  4. 4. • When a dot moves, it leaves a trace that we see as a line. So a line can be defined as the graphic representation of a dot in motion. •A graphic line must always be longer than its width. It has a position and a direction in space and one of its main functions is to delimitate the outline of shapes
  5. 5. •The shape, thickness, colour and texture of the lines depend on the different tools and materials we use and the way we use them. •Its Intensity depends on the pression we are doing with the drawing tool (pencil, pen, brush, crayon...). If we press, the line is stronger and it has a higher intensity
  6. 6. 2.Types of lines
  7. 7. Lines can be classified in: •Simple lines are made in just one stroke, straight or curve. •Composed lines are made of fragments of two or more straight or curve lines.
  8. 8. The composed lines can also be: •Zig Zag or Broken lines: They are formed by fragments of several straight lines with different directions. •Wavy lines: They are formed by several fragments of curved lines. •Curly lines: They hold more curves than wavy lines and show loops. •Scribble/Doodle: Chaotic or meaningless lines that are traced randomly. Dashed (or dotted) lines: They are lines which are not continuous, formed by little traces or dots.
  9. 9. 3.Expressive capacity of the line
  10. 10. The way lines are drawn on paper can bring a drawing to life and communicate multiple ideas and feelings because it has different psychological impact according to its direction, intensity, and the variations in its direction. Lines show the personality of the artist, as a signature does
  11. 11. HORINZONTAL LINES Horizontal lines express sensation of peace, rest sensation, quietness and coldness. It gives a visual sensation of stability, calm and serenity. It also transmits fidelity.
  12. 12. VERTICAL LINES Vertical lines express strength, power, elegance, spirituality. It also transmits a visual sensation of growing, balance and elevation sensation
  13. 13. OBLIQUE LINES Oblique lines transmit more instability and movement. These two aspects give slanting lines a visual sensation of dynamism. It also transmits decision and willingness. If they begin at the same point, they give us sensation of depth.
  14. 14. CURVED LINES Curved lines give us sensation of movement, action and dynamism. It also transmits joy.
  15. 15. 4.Line´s uses We can use lines for:
  16. 16. Dividing the space: The line is the principal element used to structure space.
  17. 17. SHADING We give a shape a sense of volume and depth when we shade it with lines. We can shade dark areas by drawing parallel lines close together or shade lighter areas by spacing the lines further apart. This way of drawing is called HATCHING
  18. 18. Producing and creating textures
  19. 19. Exercises
  20. 20. You have to make a drawing with lines keeping your pencil all the time in touch with the paper surface . To finish your drawing you have to draw it again with your felt tip pen and after that you have to fill the spaces with colour in it. Remember that you cannot arise your pencil from the paper

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