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Translucent concrete

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Translucent concrete

  1. 1. Fellow Constructor S.a.r.l 10/01/2012 Translucent ConcreteLight transmitting concrete (LiTraCon), also known as translucent concrete, is the brightestbuilding material development in recent years; it is one of the newest, most functional andrevolutionary elements in green construction materials.Originally developed by Hungarian architect, Aron Losonczi, in 2001, light permitting concrete isproduced by embedding 4% to 5% optical glass fibers (by volume) into the concrete mixture.Having a small size, the fibers blend into concrete and become a component of the materialsimilar to small pieces of aggregate. Light-transmitting concrete could reach a compressivestrength of 50 MPa.Besides the architectural and interior design appeal, light-transmitting concrete is used in floors, pavements, heat insulation, and load bearing structures. Even though there are limited examples of translucent concrete currently in use, some of the future potential applications under consideration for implementation include: Translucent concrete inserts on front doors of homes, allowing the resident to see when there is a person standing outside. Translucent concrete walls on restaurants, clubs, and other establishments to reveal how many patrons are inside. Ceilings of any large office building or commercial structure incorporating translucent concrete would reduce lighting costs during daylight hours. Lane markers in roadways could incorporate various colors in the translucent concrete, allowing for dynamic adjustments when required by traffic fluctuations. Sidewalks poured with translucent concrete could be made with lighting underneath, creating lit walkways which would enhance safety, and also encourage foot travel where previously avoided at night. The use of translucent concrete in an outer wall of an indoor stairwell would provide illumination in a power outage, resulting in enhanced safety. References available upon request
  2. 2. Fellow Constructor S.a.r.l 10/01/2012 Speed bumps in parking lots and driveways could be illuminated from below, making them more visible and therefore more effective. Subways using this material could be illuminated with daylight.Greater day lighting means less electrical lighting, less energy use, less cost, less energy-relatedemissions. Last but not least, “LiTraCon” matches conventional concrete in terms of strength,insulation, and sustainability.On the other hand, the product’s high cost due to expensive raw material and unavailability forin situ casting represent some of the main drawbacks. The complex manufacturing process ofthis product eliminates the possibility of using it on site: light transmission is directly related toproper alignment of fibers; any deviation from the application technique would result inordinary concrete.There is no doubt that Losonczi’s invention is a breakthrough in the construction world; so farcountries such as Sweden, Hungary, Germany, France, USA, and China have tried thistechnology. The most recent realized projects are in Hungary: partition walls in a private Villa, acinema new logo plate, and an open air statue.As this technology grows, more people will see its potential and more new exciting applications willappear in everyday use. “LiTraCon” is yet to be seen in Lebanon. References available upon request