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Planing for slaughter house 2015 (final) eng

Slaughter house planning until 2015

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Planing for slaughter house 2015 (final) eng

  1. 1. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Presenter: DO HUU PHUONG
  2. 2. CONTENT Overview of poultry husbandry of the world and Viet Nam Plan for poultry slaughter (2006 - 2015) VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry
  3. 3. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry
  4. 4. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry A. World husbandry in 2004 3.5 22.4 12.7 25.8 12.9 0.9 2.1 8 2.8 34.8 9.8 0.2 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Meat quantity Egg quantity Africa North America South America Asia Europe Oceania 30-40-23-7 78.2 33-29% 57.9 60-17% (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005)
  5. 5. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Ranking of chicken meat production countries in the world in 2004 No. Country Meat quantity (1,000 tons) 1 America 15,536 2 China 9,475 10 Indonesia 1,100 16 Thailand 878 17 Malaysia 825 23 Philippines 660 35 Viet Nam 353 (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005) XK05 Brz2.6-US2.3-EU25 0.8-Thai0.27-Chn0.25 31%
  6. 6. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Chicken importing countries in the world (2005) – Unit: 1,000T 960 450 443 380 380 360 200 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Russia Japan China Arabia Europe -25 Mexico Hong Kong (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005)
  7. 7. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Ranking of egg production countries in the world in 2004 No. Country Egg quantity (1,000 tons) 1 China 24,341 2 America 5,252 9 Indonesia 890 21 Philippines 440 22 Malaysia 431 25 Thailand 365 31 Viet Nam 216 (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005) ?
  8. 8. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Poultry consumption quantity/person in 2004 (kg) No. Continent Meat Egg 1 North America 13.9 13.4 2 South America 25.8 6.5 3 Europe 18.6 12.6 4 Oceania 27.1 5.1 5 Asia 6.9 8.5 6 Africa 4.4 2.1 World average 11.7 8.4 (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005) 5.4-2.6 LH
  9. 9. ??VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Poultry consumption quantity/person in some countries (kg) No. Country Meat Egg 1 America 49.8 14.6 2 China 10.5 17.4 3 Malaysia 33.1 10.7 4 Thailand 14.4 9.6 5 Philippines 8.5 6.6 6 Viet Nam 5.4 2.6 World average 11.7 8.4 (Source: Poultry International, Executive Guide, 2005) 4.4-2.1 LH ?
  10. 10. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry B. Poultry husbandry in Viet Nam 1. Poultry husbandry situation 2. Production system 3. Market system 4. Slaughter and process system
  11. 11. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 1. Poultry husbandry situation 23.6 80.2 103.8 32 108 140 51 147 198 60 160 220 0 50 100 150 200 250 1990 1995 2000 2005 Duck, geese Chicken Total Year Meat q’ty (1,000 tons) Egg q’ty (million) 1990 168 1.896 1995 197 2.825 2000 287 3.708 2005 322 3.949 Average growth rate (1990 - 2005) Total chicken 4,6% Total duck & goose 6,2% Total meat quantity 4,3% Total egg quantity 4,9% HS5-4-2 TB3,2 - TC27%, ĐBSCL29%, ĐT.TG.VL2T
  12. 12. ??VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Production cost for breeding chicken and broiler in some Asean countries (USD) Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Production cost DOC 0.38 0.21 0.16 0.46 Production cost 1 kg of live chicken 0.80 0.63 0.50 0.90 Market price 1 kg of live chicken 0.91 0.71 _ 1 (Source: Budi Tagendjaja, ASA, Indonesia, 3/2003) Z1:1.2-3, Z2: 1.1-1.8 Thai3:270
  13. 13. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Common features of the poultry husbandry • 80% of households do husbandry • 15% do industrial husbandry • 20% do semi industrial husbandry • 65% do traditional husbandry • 80% of industrial chickens are grown by foreign companies • 75% of garden chickens (semi industrial) are grown by Vietnamese companies and large scale husbandry households • 100% of the traditionally raised poultry is done by farmers
  14. 14. • Small scale husbandry household: – Around 3,200 – 3,500/year – Wandering, self-feeding, self-hatching and self-nursing – Easy to catch disease, low live rate (50 - 55%), low efficiency – Small investment, suitable for local breeds • Extensive farming and field raising: – Mainly for ducks – Dependent on crops harvested – Be the traditional method with high efficiency, also be the source for disease infection 2. Production system 65%hộ: 50-525% lượng gc - HGHĐ
  15. 15. • Semi industrial husbandry: – Integrate traditional experience with modern technology – Scale: 100 - 300 heads, combine between garden and industrial raising methods – Short raising time, quick capital circulation, high efficiency • Industrial husbandry: – Start from 1974 – There are 11 governmental breeding farms and 106 of other economic sectors nationwide – Before avion influenza: 2,260 farms with capacity of 1,000 – 14,000 heads/farm – Breeding production system at different levels are not synchronous, mostly focus on producing commercial day old breeding animals from GP flocks imported from other countries – Commercial poultry husbandry is mostly done by private farms and peasant families – Foreign companies supply 80% of industrial breeding chickens 2. Production system (cont.) 5-10%hộ: 30-32%SLGC – 18-20%SPGC
  16. 16. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Number of poultry farms (12/2003) No Area Total farms Breeding farms Nationwide 2,260 119 1 Northeast 75 7 2 Northeast 25 3 3 Red River Delta 938 75 4 Northern Central 216 2 5 Southern Central 121 14 6 Central highland 153 2 7 Southeast 665 10 8 Mekong delta 67 6 ĐN281-BD208-LĐ126
  17. 17. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Distribution of breeding farms from PS up No. Organization Quantity 1 Husbandry Institutes 5 2 Viet Nam Husbandry Corporations 5 3 Agricultural Economic Science Institute of South VN 1 4 Provincial companies, Centers and businesses 15 5 Foreign invested companies 10 6 Private farms 81 7 Total 119
  18. 18. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Central governmental breeding farms No. Organization Breeding animal I Viet Nam Husbandry Corporation 1 Luong My Breeding Poultry Company, Ha Tay Chicken 2 Ba Vi Breeding Chicken Enterprise, Ha Tay Chicken 3 Tam Dao Breeding Chicken Enterprise, Vinh Phuc Chicken 4 Kim Boi Breeding Chicken Enterprise– Hoa Binh Chicken 5 Chau Thanh Breeding Poultry Enterprise, Nam Dinh Chicken II Husbandry Institute 6 Thuy Phuong Poultry Study Center– Ha Noi Chicken, duck, goose, swan 7 Van Phuc Poultry Study Center – Ha Tay Chicken 8 Dai Xuyen Duck Study Center– Ha Tay Duck, goose 9 Central Poultry Study and Husbandry Development Center – Binh Dinh Chicken 10 Research and CGTBKTCN Center (Vigova) Chicken, duck III Agricultural Economic Science Institute of South Viet Nam 11 Binh Thang husbandry study and training Center Chicken
  19. 19. Breeding chickens imported to Vietnam from 1990 up to now No. Breed Origin Import year Situation I Broiler 1 BE.88 Cuba 1993 Not available 2 AA (Arbor Acress) America 1993 Developed 3 ISA Vedette France 1994 Not available 4 ISA MPK France 1998 Developed 5 Avian America 1993 Developed 6 Ross 208, 308, 408 UK 1993 Developed 7 Lob Mann Germany 1995 Slow developing 8 Cobb America 1997 Still developing II Layer 1 Goldline 54 Netherland 1990 Not available 2 Brown Nick Netherland 1993 Slowly developing 3 Hisex Brown Netherland 1995 Not available 4 Hyline America 1996 Slowly developing 5 ISA Brown France 1998 Strongly developing 6 Babcobb – B380 France 1999 Developed 7 LohMann Brown Germany 2002 Developed
  20. 20. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Breeding chickens imported to Vietnam from 1990 up to now (cont.) No. Breed Origin Import year Situation III Chicken for multiple purpose 1 Tam Hoàng 882 China 1992 Remain not so much 2 Tam Hoàng Jiangcun Hong Kong 1995 Remain not so much 3 Gà Tây France 1995 Slowly developing 4 Lương Phượng China 1997 Strongly developing 5 Sasso (SA 31) France 1998 Developing 6 Kabir Israel 1997 Relatively developing 7 ISA Color France 1999 Strongly developing 8 Ai Cập Egypt 1997 Relatively strongly developing 9 Thái Hòa China 1999 Developing 10 Hubbard Plex France 2000 Strongly developing 11 New Hamshire Hungary 2002 Slowly developing 12 Yellow Godollo Hungary 2002 Slowly developing 13 Gà Sao Hungary 2002 Developing
  21. 21. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Breeding ducks and geese imported to VN from 1990 up to now No. Breed Origin Import year Situation I Duck 1 Super – M UK Before 1990 and after 1990 Well developed 2 Super Layer 2000 UK Well developed 3 Khakicampbell UK Well developed II Goose 1 R.31 France 1992 – 1993 Well developed 2 R.51 France 1992 – 1993 Well developed 3 R.71 France 1997 Well developed 4 Superweight France 1997 Well developed
  22. 22. 3. Market system • Supply and consumption system of domestic breeding poultry – Self-sufficient – Small scale husbandry: self-produce or buy from the area – Hatchery for producing and trading breeding poultry: capacity 2,000 – 5,000 heads/batch – Hatchery owner supplies his subsidiaries and purchases breeding eggs to hatch – Sell breeding animal directly or through brokers • Supply and consumption system of industrial breeding poultry – Facing plenty of difficulties CP: 40.2mil (85% Avian + 25% IsaBr), Car: 12 mil Hub, JF: 6.8mil (90% Cob500 + 10% NewLohman) DiA, VC, LoTh
  23. 23. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 4. Poultry slaughter • Manual slaughter: 86% enterprises < 20 heads/day IFPRI, 2001: 25-30.000T/năm. • Not ensure food safety and food hygiene – 64.5% SH are located in residential areas – 88% area < 20m2 – > 90% slaughter on floor • Invest in building SH after avion influenza SS OO SS
  24. 24. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry • Backward and underdeveloped • There are totally 32 large scale companies producing poultry meat - Pork and beef are main products - Products from chicken and ducks are limited • More than 90% of poultry meat consumed is hot meat 5. Poultry processing SS OO SS
  25. 25. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry General evaluation • Husbandry are unprompted, distracted, and small scaled • Epidemic are difficult to control • Productivity, efficiency and competitiveness are low • Backward slaughter and process, unsafe food hygiene
  26. 26. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Poultry consumption before AI
  27. 27. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Slaughter and consume live poultry at markets
  28. 28. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Transport and slaughter beyond food safety and food hygiene standards
  29. 29. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Transportation Daily life…
  30. 30. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 1039- 9.5.5
  31. 31. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 1. Plan for concentrated SH - SH are planed to moved to the suburb. The best location is in husbandry areas - The plan must be synchronous, convinient for businesses and easy to control food safety and food hygiene. Focus on guidance and construction of concentrated SH system - Reach a common consent that poultry can only be consumed after being slaughtered at concentrated SH - Establish a system for preservation, transportation and consumption by freezing facilities
  32. 32. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry - From now to 2010, the government should have the policy for investment or support the construction of some Poultry slaughter and process houses - Provide favorable conditions by providing preferrential loans from domestic investmnet funds or borrowed from other countries to upgrade existing SH to ensure international standards 2. Upgrade and build some SH with food safety and food hygiene standards
  33. 33. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 3. Route for the construction of poultry slaughter and process houses 2006 – 2007 2008 – 2010 2011 – 2015 Small scale husbandry - chicken 65% 56% 43% Small scale husbandry – water bird 63% 52% 48% Semi industrial – chicken 25% 29% 29% Chicken indstry 10% 15% 28% Industrial and semi industrial husbandry – water bird 37% 48% 52% Poultry husbandry household 7m 6m 5m SH 105/135m 121/210m 170/600m
  34. 34. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Concentrated slaughter and process houses to be built (2006-2015) Year No. of provinces and central cities Number of slaughter and process houses Total capacity / year (m) Capacity 100 - 250 head/hour Capacity 500 head/hour Capacity 1,000 head/hour Capacity 2,000 head/hour 2007 64 61 39 4 1 135 2010 64 61 37 18 5 210 2015 64 61 48 33 28 600 In 2006, the provinces and central cities need to invest in building concentrated and industrial poultry slaughter and process houses
  35. 35. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Projected plan for investment and construction of poultry slaughter and process houses to the end of 2007 Q’ty of SH 100-250 head/hour Q’ty of SH 500 head/hour Q’ty of SH 1.000 head/hour Q’ty of SH 2.000 head/hour Total SH/year (m) NATIONWIDE 61 39 4 1 135 Red river delta 6 8 2 26 Northeast 9 3 12 Northwest 4 3 Central north 6 3 10 Central coast 7 3 10 Central highland 4 1 4,5 Southeast 10 16 2 1 50,5 Mekong delta 15 5 20,0
  36. 36. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry • Law on domestic investment encouragement (modification - 20/05/98) • Decree No. 51/1999/NĐ-CP (08/07/99) • Law on investment 59/2005/QH11 (29/11/05) • Decree No. 106/2004/NĐ-CP on credit for investment and development of the Government (01/04/04) • Decree No. 20/2005/NĐ-CP on adding the list of projects taking governmental loan for investment and development (28/02/05) for remote areas • Decision No. 394/QĐ-TTg (13/03/06) • Decision 1039/QĐ-BNN-NN (09/05/05) (DA) • Decision 3065/QĐ-BNN-NN (07/11/05) (ĐK) • Circular 42/2006-TT-BNN (01/06/06) Some relevant official documents
  37. 37. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry 4. Group of solutions on policies • Modification of some policies and husbandry conditions • Policy on land Decree No. 51/1999/NĐ-CP • Policy on investment – Infrastructure – Modification and addition of Decree No. 51/1999/NĐ-CP • Policy on credit – Modification and addition of Decre No. 106/2004/NĐ-CP – Extra fund for prevention and protection from epidemic and insurance !!
  38. 38. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry – Conditions for preferential investment (DMA) (C3) – Exemption and reduction of land use fee – Exemption and reduction of land lease fee – Exemption and reduction of tax on land use – Preference for tax rate and business income tax – Exemption of import tax for machinery and equipment forming fixed assets – Other preferences… Decree No. 51/1999/NĐ-CP dated 08/07/1999 !!
  39. 39. !! • Application of highest preferential policies on tax and land • Conditions for support: new construction, expansion – Slaughter houses – Cattle and poultry process and preservation factories – Industrial and concentrated poultry husbandry enterprises • Methods of support: – Support on loan interest for contracts before 31/12/07 – Duration for interest rate support: max 2 years from the receipt of the first loan – Charge on transferring land use right, selling workshop and other constructions (due to planning reason) Decision No. 394/QĐ-TTg Phù hợp quy hoạch, VSATTP, VSTY&MT VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry
  40. 40. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry • Limitation of modification – Regulations on scale and capacity of the Slaughter, preservation and process of cattle of poultry concentratedly and industrially. – Regulations on scale and capacity of poultry husbandry farms concentratedly and industrially • Object of the modification – Domestic organizations, individuals invest in new construction – Domestic organizations, individuals expand existing enterprises Circular 42/2006-TT-BNN !!
  41. 41. !! ► Scale and capacity for slaughter • Poultry slaughter houses: – Lowland: 500 heads/hour or more – Highland: 250 heads/hour or more • Pig slaughter houses: 200 heads/day or more • Buffalo and cow slaughter houses: 50 heads/day or more ► Veterinarian hygiene and food safety – Houses must have all required veterinarian standards (Đ33PL) – Requirements for location, workshop, equipments and machinery – Far away from residential areas, non-waterlogged, brick wall, entrance and internal roads – Storage area for live animal, slaughter area, preliminary treatment area for animal and animal products, isolation area, treatment area for products beyond veterinarian safety standards – Room for checking, testing samples and verterinarian inspection – Waste water treatment system suitable for each particular SH – Equipments and tools must be made from stainless steel material – Water: meet the requirements of veterinarian safety standards Requirements for animal slaughter, preservation and process houses
  42. 42. !! ► Slaughter and process technology – Small scale houses: equipments and technology manufactured domestically under the direction of industry, semi industry which ensures synchronism and food safety – Houses with capacity > 500 heads/hour; pig > 200 heads/day; buffalo, cow > 50 heads/day: use modern equipments and technology manufactured domestically or imported from other countries Encourage the application of modern, synchronous and automatic technology Requirements for animal slaughter, preservation and process houses
  43. 43. !!VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Requirements for industrial concentrated poultry husbandry farms ► Scale – Farms: > 2,000 commercial poultry (under 7 day old ones are not counted) > 1,000 parent stock – Concentrated farms > 30,000 poultry (min 4,000 commercial poultry or 2,000 parent stock/household) ► Veterinarian safety and biological safety – Sufficient veterinarian safety requirements (Đ12PLTY) – Far away from residential areas (300m-1km) – Organization or individual growing from 1,000 parent stock or 2,000 commerical poultry or more must register husbandry and veterinarian standards
  44. 44. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry HowHow WhyWhy WhoWho WhatWhat ??
  45. 45. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Implementation at localities • Guidance on construction and approval for planning projects and re- structured husbandry; projects for implementation of Decision No. 94/QĐ- TTg and Circular No. 42/2006-TT-BNN • Decision on interest rate support and arrangement of local budget • Policy on encouragement and support to hand over and lease land, transfer land use purpose, workshop, construct infrastructure, and treat the environment in accordance within the authorisation and regulations • Guidance for organizations and individuals to invest in accordance with the plan, ensure veterinarian safety, food safety and environment safety • Guidance for Veterinarian Departments and stations to check and instruct
  46. 46. VISION 2015VISION 2015 Vietnam Poultry IndustryVietnam Poultry Industry Video clip: poultry slaughter situation in HCMC

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