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Water governance in cities - WATEC

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Presentation made at the WATEC confernce in Tel Aviv, Israel on 13-15 October 2015 by Aziza Akhmouch, Water Governance Initiative Project Manager, Regional Development Policy, OECD.

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Water governance in cities - WATEC

  1. 1. WATER GOVERNANCE IN CITIES: AN OECD SURVEY Aziza AKHMOUCH, PhD & Oriana ROMANO, PhD OECD Water Governance Programme WATEC Conference, 14 October 2015 Preliminary Results of a Report to be published on 1 December 2015
  2. 2. Analytical Framework Is urban water governance fit for the future?
  3. 3. Keywords associated with "water management in cities” (48 respondents/water departments, top 5 ranking out of 65 words) Source : OECD, 2015 forthcoming, Water Governance in OECD Cities, OECD Publishing, Paris
  4. 4. Ageing infrastructure: a challenge for cities in OECD & BRICS Water- related factors changing urban water governance 92% 83% 37% 77% 63% 77% Share of wastewater treatment (% of wastewater produced by the city that is collected and treated to at least a basic/primary level) Source : OECD, 2015 forthcoming, Water Governance in OECD Cities, OECD Publishing, Paris Share of water loss ( as % of net water production)
  5. 5. Average number of water utilities’ employees per 1000 connections Figure 29 Average number of water utilities’ employees per 1000 connections Note: In the case of unbundled services the average of employees and connection for each service has been calculated. Source: OECD Survey on Water Governance for Future Cities, 2014
  6. 6. Average price of water per household (USD value in constant prices, constant PPP)
  7. 7. An overview of water service management in cities * Note: Based on answers from 48 cities for drinking water supply and 45 in the case of sewage collection and waste water treatment. Source: OECD Survey on Water Governance for Future Cities, 204 Number of service providers in surveyed cities by water functions * Bundled services Unbundled services 62.50% 37.50%
  8. 8. Multi-level governance gaps 23% 23% 27% 31% 44% 46% 46% 48% 60% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Lack of publicly available data on drinking water quality Lack of accounting control through regular financial audits Lack of competitive procurement processes Weak judicial system for conflict resolution Lack of benchmarking for service providers’ performance Lack of publicly available data on economic and financial performance Limited monitoring / evaluation guiding decision-making Weak stakeholder engagement Limited information sharing across local authorities Multi-level governance gaps Administrative gap Policy gap Objective gap Capacity gap Funding gap Information gap Accountability gap Perceived transparency and accountability challenges to urban water management Source : OECD, 2015 forthcoming, Water Governance in OECD Cities.
  9. 9. OECD Principles on Water Governance A shared responsibility across levels of government
  10. 10. A Framework for improving urban water governance Stakeholder engagement To secure the willingness to pay, accountability and policies buy-in Rural-urban partnership For coherent policies on water, land use, spatial planning , nature conservation, etc. Metropolitan governance Opportunity to pool resources and capacity at a critical scale for effective water management Vertical and horizontal coordination Policy complementarities 3Ps Policy Places People
  11. 11. Water function Water strategies Drinking water • Promoting water supply from unconventional sources (Barcelona) • Favouring collaboration studies to increase water resources availability (Malaga), • Securing supply of drinking water through cooperation between communities (Nantes) • Joint research for water consumption reduction (Naples) • Long-range strategies for sustainable water supply management (Phoenix) Sewage collection • Rehabilitation of urban and metropolitan sewers (Acapulco) • Long range plans for infrastructure upgrades, rehabilitation and maintenance (Calgary) • Impact assessment of strategic and local developments on water quality (Hong Kong) • Urban planning and collaboration (Prague) Wastewater • Environmentally friendly strategies for wastewater treatment (Marseille) • Energy efficiency strategies (Milan) • Rural neighbourhoods strategy (Zaragoza) Drainage • Use of partnership approach (Liverpool) • Studies to optimize stormwater drainage (Malaga) • Green infrastructure ( New York City) Water security • Flooding alarm system for the public (Acapulco) • Resilience study against extreme events in the metropolitan area ( Barcelona) • Environmental Recovering Program (Belo Horizonte) • Information services for citizens ( Cologne) • Water level sensor network in several rivers ( Rio d Janeiro) • Strategic plan to construct 52 flood management capital projects ( San Luis Potosi) Forward looking/adaptive strategies to manage water risks