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L essence

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L essence

  1. 1. VÍCTOR BURBANO FERNANDO CRUZ ALEJANDRO VALENCIA WILLIAM VARGAS
  2. 2. Aujourd’hui nous sommes entrain de payer l’essence à un prix très haut. Notre essence este le plus chère de tout le monde.
  3. 3. Colprensa | Bogotá | Publié le 15 Septembre 2013 La Colombie est le quatrième pays producteur de pétrole d’Amérique Latine, avec un million de barils par jour. Le prix de l’essence dans le pays, est entre les plusélevés de la région (8.646 pesos). Dans Équateur le prix est de 4.406 pesos , Bolivie 5.068 pesos et Perú de 5.653 pesos per gallon, sans { l’exclusion de Venezuela où le prix est Pyrrhus
  4. 4. L’Equateur 4.406 La Bolivie 5068 Le Perú 5.653 Le Venezuela 700 LA COLOMBIE 8.646
  5. 5. Produir un gallon d’essence coûte autour d’un dollar ou 2.000 pesos colombiens. Nous payons trois fois plus la valeur par gallon.
  6. 6. Les Carburants sont achetés aux producteurs (Ecopetrol et autres compagnies pétrolières) { un coût d’opportunité, c’est { dire qu’on paie el équivalent de la compensation qu’ils recevraient, s’ils vendaient cette essence ou ACPM sur la côte du golfe des États-Unis. Sourves d’Ecopetrol indiquent que cette valeur qu’ils reçoivent par gallon d’essence, juste est suffisant pour couvrir les coûts de fabrication. Selon une étude de PFC Énergie, que a été fait dans 31 pays d’Amérique et l’Europe, l’entrée a les producteurs dans la Colombie est un des plus économique, ce prix est situé sur la poste 25, cést à dire que juste 6 pays ont un entrée que est inférieure. “Si on forcé Ecopetrol fournir approvisionnement national sans reconnaître il a prix du marché les carburants.
  7. 7. Actuellement Ecopetrol est une entreprise qu’est entrain d’ être acheté pour les “YUPIS”, qui facurent plus d’argent à travers de les taxes.
  8. 8. Un gallon d’essence coûte plus ou moins 2.000 pesos + La raffinage + La surtaxe + La taxe mondiale + Le TVA + Les profits + Les explorations = 6.650 Approx., dans les taxes.
  9. 9.  Autres composants Après les revenus des producteurs sont ajoutés à la structure des prix de l'essence, le pourcentage qu'ils sont payés aux producteurs d'éthanol que pour Septembre est 543.35 pesos. À partir de ce point vient une charge de taxes comme l’impôt nationale que pour ce mois-ci 989,57 pesos et la surtaxe (1168,12 pesos). Le ministre des Finances Mauricio Cardenas a déclaré que avec l’impôt nationale que reçue l'état pour chaque gallon vendu l'investissement social est fait (soi-disant) est donc peu probable qu'il disparaisse cet hommage. Juan Manuel Obregón, secrétaire des Finances du Valle affirme que le coût du combustible est coûteux, non par l'impôt, mais par la décision de payer le producteur aux prix internationaux. Mais les charges à la valeur de l'essence ne s'arrêtent pas là. Il y a une marge de continuité de 86,42 pesos par gallon, qu’est destiné à Ecopetrol pour faire nouvelles exploration.
  10. 10. Le senateur Luis Fernando Velasco est entrain de travailler en une loi qui permetra réduire le prix de l’essence en plus ou moins 1.050 pesos par gallon.
  11. 11. Mais le sénateur Luis Fernando Velasco déclare pétrole colombien est enrichissante compagnies pétrolières, au lieu de bénéficier Colombie et estime que le pays peut adopter un prix intérieur qui convient à la plupart des consommateurs. "Ecopetrol coûtera un peu plus de 29 dollars par baril d'extrait d'huile et le gouvernement paie 99 dollars. Ici commence la disproportion, payer trois fois le prix. Je comprends que les entreprises ont à gagner, mais pourquoi nous devons payer sur un prix international. Pour moi, il est un «mensonge», qui font de la société colombienne ".

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