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Changing Trends and Carrier in Physical Education

Changing Trends and Carrier in Physical Education

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Changing Trends and Carrier in Physical Education

  1. 1. Changing Trends and Career in Physical Education
  2. 2. Changing Trends and Career in Physical Education  Definition of Physical Education  Aims & Objectives of Physical Education  Development of Physical Education–Post Independence  Concept & Principles of Integrated Physical Education  Concept & Principles of Adaptive Physical Education  Special Olympic Bharat  Career Options in Physical Education
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION:  Physical Education is an integral part of the total education process.  Physical Education has various aims and objectives to understand.  In ancient India, physical activities were the essential part of life.  In ancient Greece, much stress was laid down on Physical Education.  Great philosophers like Socrates, Aristotle and Plato were of opinion that physical training is a must for youth.
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION  “Physical Education is sum of those experiences which come to the individual through movement.”-Delbert  “Physical Education is sum of changes in the individual caused by experience involving motor activity.”- R. Cassidy  “Physical Education is the way of education through physical activities, which are selected and carried on with regard to values in human growth, development and behavior.”- AAPHERD  “Physical Education is an integral part of total education processes and has its aim- the development of physically, mentally, emotionally and socially fit citizens through the medium of physical activity which have been selected with a view to realizing these outcomes.”
  5. 5. AIM & OBJECTIVE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION Aim of Physical Education-  Over all development of an Individual Objectives of Physical Education-  Neuro- Muscular Coordination  Development of Health  Social Development  Emotional Development  Mental Development  Physical Development
  6. 6. 1. Physical Development :  Foremost objective & related with physical development.  Development of organ systems such as circulatory system, nervous system, muscular system, digestive system etc.  During physical activities, the body demands more and more from various systems and organs, which in turn have to function optimally to cope with the stress of activity
  7. 7. 2. Mental Development :  Physical activities require alertness of mind, deep concentration and calculated movements  It includes rules & regulations, techniques of games, anatomical & physiological studies, health & diseases  Participation teaches to draw conclusions, to face new situations and to take decisions independently
  8. 8. 3. Social Development :  Physical Education provides ample opportunities to its participants to interact with other individual and groups.  This gives wholesome experience to learn social norms.  Individual develops social qualities & social habits.  Values of competition and co-operation are also inculcated.
  9. 9. 4. Neuro-Muscular Coordination:  Concern with better co-ordination between nervous system and muscular system.  Good neuro-muscular co-ordination helps to keep of fatigue during vigorous activities.  Improves working with various equipment and tools.  Also known as psycho motor development or co-ordination development.
  10. 10. 5. Emotional Development :  Physical education aims at emotional stability which helps in facing any type of situation.  Competitions are an indispensable part and are characterized by success and failure.  Physical education teaches to accept success and failure gracefully , which are also helpful through out the lifetime.
  11. 11. 6. Development of Health :  Health knowledge is a part and parcel of P.E. Programme.  School health education programme includes not only principles and important rules of health education but also information regarding healthy living and community health.  It also speaks of health hazards in society like alcohol , smoking ,drug addiction etc.  This knowledge builds a healthy and positive life style and society.
  12. 12. PHYSICAL EDUCATION & CAREER OPTIONS 1. Teaching Career In Physical Education 2. Coaching career in physical education 3. Health related careers 4. Administration related careers 5. Performance related careers 6. Careers in Communication Media
  13. 13. Coaching Career in Physical Education  1.Career as a coach in middle school, high school, senior secondary school, college and university  2.State Sports Department and Sports Authority of India (SAI)  3.Coaching the professional teams, commercial sports clubs, private enterprises and public sectors  4.Coaching in a non-school setting like sports academy
  14. 14. Teaching Career in Physical Education  1.Elementary School  2.Middle School  3.High School  4.Senior Secondary School  5.College and University
  15. 15. Health related Career in Physical Education  1.Health and weight control clubs a) Playing facility like Squash, Tennis, swimming etc. b) Saunas, Steam Rooms, Massages etc c) Diet & Nutrition advice  2. Athletic training a) Prevention of sports injuries b) Rehabilitation of injured athletes
  16. 16. Administration related Career in Physical Education  1.Sports administration a) Department of Physical Education b) Sports Department  2.Sports Facilities Management a) Management of gymnasium, fitness centre, aquatic centres etc b) Management of stadiums, sports complexes,  3.Industrial Recreation a) MNC b)National Companies provide recreational & sports facilities for employees  4.Sports Marketing and promotions
  17. 17. Performance related Career in Physical Education  1. As Players -Participate as player in professional sports  2. As an Officials- a) Conduction of sports tournaments b) Referee, umpire, timekeeper, linesman, recorder, scorer etc.
  18. 18. Communication Media related Career in Physical Education  1. Sports Journalism  2. Book Writing  3. Sports Photography  4. Book Publishing  5. Sports Broadcasting

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