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The Great War Stalemate

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The Great War Stalemate

  1. 1. The Great War: Stalemate The Fighting in Europe
  2. 2. Stalemate? August 1914 <ul><li>Most believed in a war of movement </li></ul><ul><li>Schlieffen Plan: Germans attack through Belgium and into France </li></ul><ul><li>Germans stopped at the First Battle of the Marne outside Paris </li></ul>
  3. 3. German Defeat at the Marne <ul><li>Germans pull back “dig in” to hold French Territory </li></ul><ul><li>French and British likewise “dig in” to defend France. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Race to the Sea: Aug-Sept 1914
  5. 5. Result: Stalemate: Trench Warfare 1914-1918 <ul><li>Central Powers and Allies attack each other head on. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t go around the enemy. </li></ul><ul><li>Land gains are measured in yards not miles! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trench Warfare 1914 - 1918 <ul><li>Enough trenches are dug between Switzerland and the English Channel to circle the globe three times!!! </li></ul>
  7. 8. No Man’s Land: the space between the trenches
  8. 9. No Man’s Land
  9. 10. No Man’s Land: Men died and were rarely recovered from it.
  10. 11. Case Study: Battle of Verdun Feb-June 1916 <ul><li>To bleed France into submission. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany attacked to break the stalemate on the Western Front </li></ul><ul><li>French response “They shall not pass” </li></ul><ul><li>Neither side gave in or gained anything </li></ul><ul><li>French lost 540,000 men </li></ul><ul><li>Germans lost 430,000 men </li></ul>
  11. 12. Verdun: 350,000 unidentified remains still there today.
  12. 13. Scars are still there as well.
  13. 14. How did this stalemate persist for four years? Answer?
  14. 15. Industry and TECHNOLOGY