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These were the alliances formed that fought against each other in World War I.
Backround <ul><li>The war started with the assassination of the Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary. The countries Germany, Italy, and Austria-Hungary formed the Triple Alliance to fight against France, Russia, and Great Britain who formed the Triple Entente and war erupted. Then Germany started unrestricted warfare where if there is a ship inside the sea area that belonged to another country or not one of there allies they would shoot torpedo's at the ship and blow it up. And on 1915 Germany shot at a passenger ship called the Lusitanian and sunk it and killed about 1200 people and 128 of them were Americans. Then we asked Germany to stop practicing unrestricted warfare and they did for a little while. After a while Germany wasn’t doing so well in the war and so they sent a telegram to Mexico asking them to join the war and if they did and won then Germany would help Mexico get there land back from United States that they lost long ago. We intercepted this message and our president at the time Woodrow Wilson took the idea of going to war to Congress and they said that we should. So in 1917 we declared war on the Triple Alliance </li></ul>
Bayonets <ul><li>According to the tradition the bayonet was developed in Bayonne, France, in the early 17 th century. The German army developed more types of the bayonet than all other countries combined. They produced special adaptors so that captured enemy bayonets could be fitted to the common Gewehr 98 rifle. The bayonet is simply a blade that attaches to the barrel of a gun. The bayonet was used for close combat incase someone got to close you could stab them with the front of your gun where the bayonet was attached. </li></ul>
Flamethrowers <ul><li>The flamethrower, brought terror to French and British soldiers when used by the German army in the early phases of the First World War in 1914 and 1915. The basic idea of a flamethrower is to spread fire by launching burning fuel. The German army tested two models of flamethrower-or Flammenwerfer in German- in the early 1900’s, one large one small, both developed by Richard Fiedler. The smaller lighter flamethrower was designed for portable use carried by a single man. Using pressurized air and carbon dioxide or nitrogen it spewed forth a stream of burning oil for as much as 18 meters. </li></ul>
The rifle <ul><li>The main weapon used by British soldiers in the trenches was the bolt-action rifle. 15 rounds could be fired in a minute and a person 1,400 meters away could be killed . </li></ul>
Machine guns <ul><li>Machine guns needed 4-6 men to work them and had to be on a flat surface. They had the fire-power of 100 guns. </li></ul><ul><li>Large field guns or artillery had a long range and could deliver devastating blows to the enemy but needed up to 12 men to work them. The shells they fired were designed to explode on impact. </li></ul>
Poison Gas <ul><li>The German army were the first to use chlorine gas at battle of Ypres in 1915. Chlorine gas causes a burning sensation in the throat and chest pains. And your death is painful the gas will eventually suffocate you. The problem with chlorine gas is that the weather must be right. </li></ul><ul><li>Mustard gas another type of poison gas was the most deadly weapon used. It was fired into the trenches in shells. It is colorless and takes 12 hours to take effect. Effects include-blistering skin, vomiting, sore eyes, internal and external bleeding. Death can take up to 5 weeks. </li></ul>
Blimps <ul><li>The blimps were used during the early part of the war in bombing raids by the Germans. They carried machine guns and bombs. However, they were abandoned because they were easy to shoot out of the sky. One of the good known blimps built and operated by the Germans was the Zeppelin. </li></ul>
Tanks <ul><li>Tanks were used for the first time in the First World War. They were developed to cope with the conditions on the Western Front. The first tank was called “Little Willie” and needed a crew of 3. Its maximum speed was 3mph and it could not cross trenches. The modern tank was not developed until just before the end of the war. It could carry 10 men, had a revolving turret and could reach 4mph. </li></ul>
Planes <ul><li>Planes were also used for the first time. At first they were used to deliver bombs and for spying work but became fighter aircraft armed with machine guns, bombs and some times canons. Fights between two planes would break out in the sky and became known as “dogfights”. </li></ul>
Submarines <ul><li>Submarines were underwater ships that could attack other ships without knowing. They used an underwater bomb called a torpedo that would swim through the water and blowup on impact. They were mainly used for ships. </li></ul>
Timeline In 1915 Germany sunk a passenger ship and killed 1200 people 128 of them were American. In 1917 United States entered World War 1 with the Triple Entente fighting against the Triple Alliance. Battle of Hulluch in 1916 47 th Brigade 16 th Irish Decimated on one of the most deadliest gas attacks of World War 1. The Archduke of Serbia assassinated by black hands in 1914