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What's On the Technology Horizon?

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Slides for a talk on "What's On the Technology Horizon?" given by Brian Kelly, UKOLN at the ILI 2011 conference in London on 27 October 2011.


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What's On the Technology Horizon?

  1. 1. Brian Kelly UKOLN University of Bath Bath, UK What’s On The Technology Horizon? Technical opportunities available in the ‘New Normal’ UKOLN is supported by: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons attribution 2.0 licence (but note caveat) Acceptable Use Policy Recording this talk, taking photos, discussing the content using Twitter, blogs, etc. is permitted providing distractions to others is minimised. Twitter: Email: [email_address] Blogs: Twitter: #ili2011 #a101
  2. 2. You are free to: copy, share, adapt or re-mix; photograph, film or broadcast; blog, live-blog or post video of this presentation provided that: You attribute the work to its author and respect the rights and licences associated with its components. Providing open content to help maximise impact, minimise barriers including barriers for event video bloggers Slide Concept by Cameron Neylon, who has waived all copyright and related or neighbouring rights. This slide only CCZero . Social Media Icons adapted with permission from originals by Christopher Ross. Original images are available under GPL at:
  3. 3. Technology Outlook for UK Tertiary Education 2011-2016 <ul><li>Selected highlights from the Technology Outlook for UK Tertiary Education 2011-2016 , a collaboration between the NEW MEDIA CONSORTIUM and the JISC Innovation Support Centres (UKOLN and CETIS) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Develop Your Action Plans Timeframe for adoption: one year or less Area Notes and Actions Mobile and Tablet Computing Cloud Computing Open Content    At end of session we invite suggestions for Library action plans which you feel you should be taking in the various areas. Feel free to tweet your ideas!
  5. 5. Develop Your Action Plans   Timeframe for adoption 2-3 years Area Notes and Actions Game-Based Learning     Learning Analytics     New Scholarship     Semantic Applications    
  6. 6. Develop Your Action Plans    Timeframe for adoption 4-5 years Timeframe for adoption 2-3 years Area Actions Augmented Reality     Collective Intelligence     Smart Objects     Telepresence     Area Notes and Actions Game-Based Learning     Learning Analytics     New Scholarship     Semantic Applications    
  7. 7. It’s Here! <ul><li>Time-to-Adoption Horizon : One year or less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobiles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tablet Computing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Content </li></ul></ul>= I’ll discuss Your Thoughts #ili11 #a101 Why not share your thoughts on Twitter on: (a) relevance to libraries and (b) what you should be doing now    
  8. 8. Be Prepared! <ul><li>Time-to-Adoption Horizon : Two-three years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Game-based Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Scholarship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Semantic Applications </li></ul></ul> 
  9. 9. Keep An Eye On! <ul><li>Time-to-Adoption Horizon : Four-five years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Augmented reality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collective Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Telepresence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart Objects </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. It’s Here!: Cloud Computing <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The service / data / infrastructure isn’t hosted within the institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ I think there is a world market for maybe five computers ” (Watson, IBM)? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy, legal and cultural assumptions about ownership of IT need addressing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue what you’ve been doing with Social Web services </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. It’s Here!: Mobile / Tablets <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to the service / data / infrastructure is in your hand; not on your desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ In the future the power of the mainframe computer will be in your pocket ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shouldn’t information professionals be pro-active in using mobile devices? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you engaging actively with this talk? Are you tweeting, discussing, …? Do you understand changing dynamics of learning? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. It’s Here!: Open Content <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content (including data) which is licensed to permit/encourage reuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ In the future we’ll be more efficient by reusing existing information ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Particularly relevant for public sector/HE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you licensing your content with CC? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you using content provided by others? If not, aren’t you being inefficient? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Open Data <ul><li>Government to ‘force’ Unis to publish data about courses, student experiences, … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds on Labour’s Open Gov initiative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An opportunity to be welcomed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can take initiative in publishing open data about uses of social media </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. It’s Coming!: Learning (Academic) Analytics <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement, collection, analysis & reporting of data about learners & their contexts, for purposes of understanding & optimising learning & the environments in which it occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See also Academic Analytics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence-based approaches in education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Builds on (open) data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Privacy implications - data can be open but anonymised </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Library Learning Analytics <ul><li>Library Impact Data Project (#lidp): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funded by JISC as part of Activity Data Programme </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Is there is a … significant correlation between library activity data & student attainment ?” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See Dave Pattern / Byony Ramsden’s talk later today to find out! </li></ul>See LIDP project blog ( ) and papers ( )
  16. 16. It’s Coming!: New Scholarship <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-publication of research; non-traditional channels; visualisation of data; new ways of peer-reviewing; non-traditional scholarly objects; … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing limitations of current practices & cultural barriers (no rewards for blogging) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beyond Impact: ideas for reward mechanisms for researchers beyond traditional peer-reviewed papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunities for information professionals </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Keep Watching!: Collective Intelligence <ul><li>What? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge embedded in large groups </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be explicit e.g. collective intelligence produced Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tacit knowledge can be gathered by analysing data from large numbers over time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of tweets to predict </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Earthquakes  Flu epidemic (Google search) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elections  Cultural trends </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Collective Intelligence <ul><li>“ Because of the numerous earthquakes and the large number of Twitter users throughout the country, they were able to detect an earthquake with high probability (96% of earthquakes of Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) seismic intensity scale 3 or more are detected) merely by monitoring tweets.” </li></ul>Twitter is full of trivia? Can you afford not to engage?
  19. 19. Collective Intelligence <ul><li>Using Twitter, Facebook status updates, Google search terms, … to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make predictions: earthquakes, flu epidemics, riots, … </li></ul></ul>Implications for libraries, for society? From the expert (the Chief Librarian, CIO, …) to the crowds <ul><ul><li>Take actions: making plans for evacuation, medical supplies, arresting dissidents? </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Collective Intelligence <ul><li>Keeping up-to-date with ‘weak signals’: using to curate stories weeky about Collective Intelligence </li></ul> Note personal curaration for keeping informed is done in the open – openness should be happening now!
  21. 21. Your Action Plans Area Notes and Actions Mobile and Tablet Computing Personal use of mobile phones & tablets in order to gain experiences of new working practices; experiences of accessing library services, etc. Update Acceptable Use Policies to address use of mobile devices. Update Web developments tools and standards to ensure mobile access is treated as ‘first class citizen’. Cloud Computing Staff development to provide better understanding of Cloud Computing concepts and implications. Update Acceptable Use Policies to address use of cloud services. Ensure potential risks are understood as well as opportunities. Develop risk minimisation strategies. Open Content Staff development to provide better understanding of open data as well as open access including licensing issues for open content. Understand personal and organisational barriers to provision of open content as well as consuming open content. Seek ways in which the Library can provide open content.
  22. 22. Your Action Plans Area Actions Augmented Reality     Collective Intelligence     Smart Objects     Telepresence     Area Notes and Actions Game-Based Learning     Learning Analytics     New Scholarship     Semantic Applications    
  23. 23. Implications For You <ul><li>What should you be doing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the technologies which have arrived (mobile, tablet, Cloud, open content) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensuring that you have appropriate policies, plans, updated AUPs, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide staff development/awareness raising for technologies arriving < 3 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage staff with interests in new technologies to continue horizon-scanning </li></ul></ul>“ It’s science fiction? ” Look at how technologies have transformed Library landscape in 13 years of ILI. Will this slow down?
  24. 24. Questions