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Future time vs Future tensesWe can be certain about the past and the present, but wecannot be certain about the future because we are talkingabout things that haven’t happened yet!That’s why when using the future tenses it is important toknow how sure we are that things will happen.
Future time vs Future tensesFUTURE TENSES: WILL BE GOING TO PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT SIMPLE
Future time vs Future tensesWILL FOR PREDICTIONSusually with the verbs THINK, BELIEVE, EXPECT, etc and with adverbs likePERHAPS, CERTAINLY, PROBABLY, etc. ★ I think she’ll certainly pass the exams. She has worked very hard. ★ Because of medical advances we will probably live longer.
Future time vs Future tensesWILL FOR OFFERS AND DECISIONS TAKEN ONTHE SPOT ★ I’ll take it. It suits me perfectly. ★ I’ll help you with your homework.
Future time vs Future tensesWILL FOR ACTIONS, SITUATIONS AND EVENTSWHICH WILL CERTAINLY TAKE PLACE ★ She’ll be 18 next month.
Future time vs Future tensesBE GOING TO FOR PLANS AND INTENTIONS★ I’m going to study harder next term.★ They are going to travel around the world for their honeymoon.
Future time vs Future tensesBE GOING TO FOR PREDICTIONS WHEN THERE ISEVIDENCE THAT SOMETHING WILL HAPPEN ★ Look at the sky! It’s going to rain. ★ She’s going to have a baby.
Future time vs Future tensesPRESENT CONTINOUS FOR FIXED ARRANGEMENTS IN THE NEARFUTUREIn particular social arrangements and appointments.A time expression is common. ★ They are going to the museum tomorrow.
Future time vs Future tensesPRESENT SIMPLE FOR PLANNED EVENTSUsually scheduled events on a programme ortimetable. ★ The play starts at 8 o´ clock.
Future time vs Future tensesPROBLEMS? WILL OR BE GOING TO? BE GOING TO OR PRESENTCONTINUOUS?
Future time vs Future tensesWILL OR BE GOING TO?They are both used for predictions but if there isstrong evidence in the present situation, then BEGOING TO is used.We often use “I think” and “I hope” with WILL. ★ I think James will become a spy. ★ There are lots of different models nowadays so tablets are going to become cheaper.
Future time vs Future tensesBE GOING TO OR PRESENTCONTINUOUS?Going to can suggest that the action or event is stillan open plan and the present continuous means thatthe arrangement is more fixed.We usually specify a future time (presentcontinuous) ★ This year I am going to travel a lot and visit my friends. ★ We are taking the plane in 30 minutes.
Future time vs Future tenses“Be going to” is rarely used with the verbs GO andCOME.The forms “I’m going” and “I’m coming” are preferredto “I’m going to go/come” ★ We are going to Italy on holiday. ★ (We are going to go to Italy on holiday)
Future time vs Future tensesOTHER WAYS OF EXPRESSING FUTURE TIME MIGHT ( FUTURE PLANS) MAY / MIGHT / COULD (PREDICTIONS) BE LIKELY TO (PREDICTIONS)
Future time vs Future tensesMIGHT (FUTURE PLANS)When we are unsure what the plan is★I might go to Lisbon and visit you.
Future time vs Future tensesMAY / MIGHT / COULD(PREDICTIONS)Uncertain predictions★There’s heavy traffic. You may / might be late if you don’t leave now. (“May” isstronger than “Might”)★Rain forests could be destroyed if we don’t do something to avoid globalwarming.
Future time vs Future tensesBE LIKELY TO (PREDICTIONS)To make predictions when something isprobable★You are likely to get the job if you answer all the questions correctly.
Future time vs Future tensesFUTURE TIME CLAUSES★After the winter is over, I’ll start to work on the garden.★Gary’s parents will be very happy when he qualifies as a doctor.★As soon as it starts raining, I’ll bring the washing in.★When I’ve written the report, I’ll let you know.Future time clauses can be introduced by: AFTER, WHEN, AS SOON AS, BEFORE,UNTIL, TILL, BY THE TIME and THE MOMENT.The tense of the verb in the main clause is often the future with WILL.But notice that although the time clauses have a future meaning, we do not use thefuture with WILL. Instead, we use either the PRESENT SIMPLE or THE PRESENTPERFECT SIMPLE.
Future time vs Future tensesYOUR TURN FUTURE PLANS: British Council TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE: British Council WILL / BE GOING TO: English Page TIME CLAUSES 1: English Page TIME CLAUSES 2: English Page