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A Need of Better Tailored
Regional Active Ageing Policies:
Sub-national Analysis of Active
Ageing in Europe
IAGG-ER 2019
G...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Index
I. Introduc...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
I. Introduction t...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Every two years m...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
II. AAI in a NUTS...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
The Government of...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Three measurement...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
III. Results sinc...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Progressive incre...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Great gender diff...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
IV. Inequalities ...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Figure 5. Employm...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Figure 7. Partici...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Figure 9. Indepen...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Figure 11. Indepe...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
Figure 12. Capaci...
Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay
IAGGER-2019
V. Conclusions an...
Thank you for you attention
yolanda.gonzalezr@ehu.eus
@YolandaGRabago
@Opik_ikerketa
Research Group on Social Determinants...
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Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in Active Ageing Index in the region of Biscay (Spain).

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Presentation in IAGG-ER 2019. 23-25 May 2019 Gothenburg, Sweden

Publicado en: Salud y medicina
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Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in Active Ageing Index in the region of Biscay (Spain).

  1. 1. A Need of Better Tailored Regional Active Ageing Policies: Sub-national Analysis of Active Ageing in Europe IAGG-ER 2019 Gothenburg 25 May 2019 Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in Active Ageing Index in the region of Biscay (Spain) Yolanda González-Rábago, Unai Martín, Amaia Bacigalupe [University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)] and Sergio Murillo [Government of Biscay]
  2. 2. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Index I. Introduction to the Active Ageing Index (AAI) II. AAI in a NUTS 3: when, why and how III. Results since 2014: evolution in a four-years period IV. Inequalities in active ageing: educational level as a determinant in actively ageing V. Conclusions and looking forward
  3. 3. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 I. Introduction to the Active Ageing Index (AAI) The Active Ageing Index (AAI) is a tool to measure the untapped potential of older people for active and healthy ageing at national and subnational levels A project managed jointly by the European Commission's Directorate General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (DG EMPL), and the Population Unit of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Developed within the framework of the 2012 European Year for Active Ageing and Solidarity between Generations (EY2012)
  4. 4. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Every two years measurement since 2010 in the 28 European Union countries Other countries: Norway, Iceland, Georgia, Serbia, Turkey, Republic of Moldavia, Russian Federation, Canada… Constructed from 22 indicators, which are grouped into 4 domains In some contexts a deeper analysis has done, measuring the AAI at the subnational level and examining the potential inequalities, mainly,
  5. 5. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 II. AAI in a NUTS 3: when, why and how Biscay: 1.150.000 inhabitants 75% in metropolitan area of Bilbao 112 municipalities Life expectancy: 80.2 (men) 86.1 (women) GDP per capita: 32.822 € Unemployment rate: 12.7% 2014 2025 2030 55+ 34.4 41.3 44.5 65+ 21.2 25.9 28.7 85+ 7.0 8.3 9.5
  6. 6. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 The Government of Biscay`s proposal: as part of the activities of the Observatory for the Elderly of Biscay – a participatory organization bringing together social, economic and political agents related to the elderly in Biscay- Purpose: raise awareness about the relevance of active ageing, support evidence-based policy making aimed at improving active ageing, and improve monitoring and accountability to citizens related to what the provincial government is doing in this area Collaboration with the Department of Sociology of the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU)
  7. 7. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Three measurements: 2014, 2016, 2018 Combined methodology: - Using secondary data sources: Eustat- Basque Institute of Statitistics - Using a primary database (ad hoc survey) 10 indicators secondary data 12 indicators survey 22 indicators final AAI -Employment rates -Living alone/couple -Income and poverty - LE/HLE
  8. 8. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 III. Results since 2014: evolution in a four-years period General increase in overall score, higher in men Women lower scores than men in all years Gender gap doesn’t decrease Total Men Women Gender gap 2014 34.5 36.7 33.1 -3.6 2016 35.4 36.9 34.6 -2.2 2018 38.7 41.3 36.6 -4.7 -10.0 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 Figure 1. Overall AAI in Biscay 2014-2018. Total, men, women and gender gap.
  9. 9. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Progressive increase in Employment domain Significant rise between 2014-16 that stops in 2018 in Independent, healthy and secure living General improvement in 2nd and 4th domain, with ups and downs Figure 2. Domains AAI in Biscay 2014-2018. Total population Employment Participation in society Independent, healty and secure living Capacity for active ageing 2014 23.2 20.9 65.3 62.5 2016 27.5 19.1 70.8 60.0 2018 28.9 24.4 70.8 64.9 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0
  10. 10. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Great gender differences in Employment, with a slight improvement since 2014 Advantaged position of women in Participation in Society disappeared Disadvantaged position of women in the 3rd and 4th domain and overall General negative evolution of Figure 3. Gender gap in domains and overall AAI in Biscay 2014- 2018. Total population. -15.0 -10.0 -5.0 0.0 5.0 Employment Participation in society Independent, healty and secure living Capacity for active ageing Overall AAI 2014 2016 2018 Variation 2018/2014
  11. 11. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 IV. Inequalities in active ageing: educational level as a determinant Figure 4. Overall AAI in EU28 countries and Biscay by educational level. 2018 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 Great educational differences in overall scores Lower educated people score far from the intermediate educated people, and have an score 28% lower than the higher educated group
  12. 12. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Figure 5. Employment domain in EU28 countries and Basque Country by educational level. 2018 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 50.0 Luxembourg Greece Croatia Slovenia BCprimary Belgium Malta Spain Slovakia BCsecondary Poland France Austria BCgeneral Hungary Italy Romania Bulgaria Cyprus Portugal CzechRepublic BCtertiary Ireland Finland Netherlands Lithuania Latvia UnitedKingdom Germany Denmark Estonia Sweden 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 1.1 Employment rate 55-59 1.2 Employment rate 60-64 1.3 Employment rate 65-69 1.4 Employment rate 70-74 Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies Figure 6. Employment indicators in Biscay by educational level. 2018 Large distances between educational groups Better employment rates of higher educated population, although the position in the ranking continues being lower than in other domains Clear educational gradient in later working years, no
  13. 13. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Figure 7. Participation in society domain in EU28 countries and Biscay by educational level. 2018 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 Bulgaria Lithuania Hungary Greece Portugal Poland Romania Estonia Slovenia Croatia Germany Slovakia CzechRepublic Spain Italy Latvia Biscayprimary Austria Ireland Cyprus UnitedKingdom Malta Denmark Finland Luxembourg Biscaygeneral Biscaysecondary Sweden France Netherlands Belgium Biscaytertiary Figure 8. Participation in society indicators in Biscay by educational level. 2018 Same large differences between educational groups, but in a general better position in comparison with EU28 Higher educated people would have the highest score in EU28 Clear educational gradient in doing voluntary activities, 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 2.1 Voluntary activities 2.2 Care to children, grandchildren 2.3 Care to infirm or disabled 2.4 Political participation Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies
  14. 14. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Figure 9. Independent, healthy and secure living in EU28 countries and Biscay by educational level. 2018 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 Latvia Romania Greece Croatia Lithuania Hungary Poland Bulgaria Estonia Portugal Italy Slovakia Biscayprimary Malta Biscaygeneral Slovenia CzechRepublic Cyprus Spain Biscaysecondary Belgium Luxembourg Germany Ireland UnitedKingdom France Biscaytertiary Netherlands Finland Austria Denmark Sweden 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 3.7 Physical safety 3.8 Lifelong learning Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies Figure 10. Independent, healthy and secure living indicators in Biscay by educational level 2018 Smaller differences in scores in the 3rd domain (7 points), but different position among EU28 countries Not big differences in the feeling of physical safety, and a big gap in lifelong learning between secondary and tertiary studies
  15. 15. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Figure 11. Independent, healthy and secure living indicators in Biscay by educational level. 2018 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 3.4 Relative median income 3.5 No poverty risk 3.6 No severe material deprivation Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 100.0 3.1 Physical exercise 3.2 No unmet needs of health and dental care 3.3 Independent living arrangements Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies Clear educational gradient in doing physical exercise, in the living arrangements, as well as in the financial security indicators Not big differences in unmet needs of health care (good news!) and in relative median income when
  16. 16. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 Figure 12. Capacity for an active ageing in EU28 countries and Biscay by educational level. 2018 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 Romania Lithuania Croatia Greece Latvia Hungary Poland Slovakia Estonia Portugal Cyprus Slovenia Bulgaria Italy Biscayprimary CzechRepublic Spain Austria Malta France Luxembourg Biscaysecondary Belgium Finland Ireland Germany UnitedKingdom Biscaygeneral Netherlands Denmark Sweden Biscaytertiary 50.0 55.0 60.0 65.0 70.0 75.0 4.1 RLE achievement of 50 years at age 55 4.2 Share of healthy life years in the RLE at age 55 Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies 0.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 100.0 4.3 Mental well-being 4.4 Use of ICT 4.5 Social connectedness Primary studies Secondary studies Tertiary studies Figure 13. Capacity for an active ageing indicators in Biscay by educational level. 2018 Same pattern as in 2nd domain. Higher educated people scoring better than Sweden Gradient in LE and HLE, mental well-being, and big inequalities in the use of Internet. No differences in social relationships
  17. 17. Modes of actively ageing: changes along time and socioeconomic inequalities in AAI in Biscay IAGGER-2019 V. Conclusions and looking forward AAI results at the sub-national level increase knowledge of what is happening at an institutional level that has policy’s responsabilities to make the difference in active ageing AAI as a tool to measure and to monitor throughout time the contribution of older population to our more and more aged societies, but also a tool to identify inequalities in later life An imperative need for looking at the social inequalities in active ageing: a general approach may make invisible a very unequal situation of elderly and their opportunities to age actively and healthy Take into consideration the different social structure of the countries for a
  18. 18. Thank you for you attention yolanda.gonzalezr@ehu.eus @YolandaGRabago @Opik_ikerketa Research Group on Social Determinants of Health and Demographic Change

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