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Fce key-word-transformation 250 exercises

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Fce key-word-transformation 250 exercises

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Fce key-word-transformation 250 exercises

  1. 1. FCE Key Word transformation
  2. 2. USE OF ENGLISH: KEY-WORD TRANSFORMATION Complete the second sentence using between two and five words including the word given. Do not change that word in any way. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 1 1. May we borrow your ladder for half an hour? mind Would you ............................................................. your ladder for half an hour? 2. "I'm not frightened," he said; in fact, he was terrified. be He pretended .............................................................................. frightened. 3. The Majestic is better than this hotel. good This hotel .................................................................................... the Majestic. 4. To enjoy travel, you must go on your own. only You ........................................................ enjoy travelling if you go on your own. 5. You were very generous, giving us all that money. of It was very generous .......................................................... us all that money. 6. He was sorry he had asked the bank to lend him the money. wished He ......................................................... asked the bank to lend him the money. 7. I haven't owned a car for five years now. since It is five years ...................................................................................... a car. 8. Why didn't you warn me it was going to rain? have You ........................................................................... me it was going to rain. 9. Heavy smokers are more likely to suffer serious illness than non-smokers. runs A heavy smoker .............................................. serious illness than a non-smoker. 10.Even though she knew she had to get up early, Mary still went to the disco. despite Mary still went to the disco ...................................... that she had to get up early. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 2 1. The dog is wagging its tail because it is trying to be friendly. friends The dog is wagging its tail because it wants ................................................ you. 2. It is a good habit to save in case of hard times. aside
  3. 3. It is a good habit to ....................................................................... a rainy day. 3. My mother-in-law has invited us to share her house. moving We ............................................................................. my mother-in-law. 4. His lack of interest surprised me. surprising I ................................................................... that he showed so little interest. 5. I am sorry that I cannot come to the party. miss I am sorry ............................................................................ the party. 6. It is pointless to carry samovars to Samarkand. point There .................................................................. samovars to Samarkand. 7. The path was so narrow they had to walk one behind the other along it. single The path was so narrow they had to walk ............................................. along it. 8. Small children are full of mischief. sorts Small children get ............................................................................. tricks. 9. "Can you help me?" the old lady asked. could The old lady asked .............................................................................. help her. 10.When he was much older, he understood. until It .............................................................. much older that he understood. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 3 1. Ken does not work half as much as he used to. hard Ken used to work ..................................................................... he does now. 2. The experts thought that the cost of petrol would rise next year. expected The cost of petrol ......................................................................... next year. 3. Some people who start smoking find it difficult to stop. always It .......................................................... to stop smoking once you have started. 4. If he isn't careful, he is bound to end up in hospital. him His carelessness is bound .............................................................. in hospital. 5. Because of his illness he could not work effectively. impossible His illness ............................................................. . him to work effectively.
  4. 4. 6. Scotsmen will never give anything to waiters. tip No ........................................................................................... waiter. 7. Mary said, I do not want to get married yet." rather Mary protested that she .................................................................. married yet. 8. Mothers must try hard to understand. best Mothers must ..................................................................... understanding. 9. The younger you marry, the greater the chance you will be unhappy. likely The younger you marry, the ........................................................ be unhappy. 10.I was wrong to argue with him. mistake .................................................................. to argue with him. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 4 1. She had not bought so much for a long time. since It was a long time ............................................................... much shopping. 2. Ken arrived there twelve months ago. for Ken .................................................................................................. year. 3. If Mary hadn't failed her driving test, she wouldn't be unhappy. pass Mary is unhappy .............................................................. her driving test. 4. Rabbits used to be more numerous. not Rabbits ............................................................................ they used to be. 5. His new book has been widely criticised. lot His new book has come ............................................................ criticism. 6. His secretary updated the list. brought His secretary ............................................................................................ date. 7. I couldn't have managed it without your help. not If ............................................................... your help, I couldn't have managed it. 8. Regular exercise kept him healthy. owed He ....................................................................................... regular exercise. 9. He couldn't lend us the car because it didn't belong to him. his
  5. 5. The car ............................................................................................ lend. 10.We were not surprised when he won. came His winning .................................................................................... surprise. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 5 1. It was difficult for the yachtsman to steer into the wind. got The yachtsman ....................................................................... into the wind. 2. I couldn't have managed without your help. been If it ...................................................... your help, I couldn't have managed. 3. We had just arrived when it started to rain. than Hardly .............................................................................. it started to rain. 4. He only did the work after he had been paid. did Not until he had been paid ..................................................................... the work. 5. The idea that the Scots are miserly is simply not true. truth There .................................................. the idea that the Scots are miserly. 6. She was too busy to see us. so She was ..................................................................................... see us. 7. It is quite pointless to complain. point There ................................................................................. complaining. 8. I've never met anyone who works as hard as he does. man He is the most ............................................................................. met. 9. A long speech is unlikely to be interesting. little There ........................................................... a long speech being interesting. 10.It was difficult to hear the speaker from the back of the room. difficulty From the back of the room, we ...................................................... the speaker. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE 6 1. I don't really want to go out. rather I ................................................................................................ home.
  6. 6. 2. I did it entirely by myself. (All) I did it ......................................................................................... own. 3. You should not be so shy. speak You should ................................................................................. yourself. 4. He has been in hospital for six months. went It is six months ...................................................................... hospital. 5. f only he had been taken to hospital sooner. pity What ..................................................................... taken to hospital earlier. 6. The doctors tried very hard to save him. best The doctors .............................................................................. to save him. 7. She was surprised to find there was little she could do. surprise She ......................................................................... there was little she could do. 8. Only Holland permits the smoking of marijuana. permitted The smoking of marijuana ............................................................... Holland. 9. The salesman said he was sorry he was late for the meeting. apologised The salesman ............................................................. late for the meeting. 10.Our decision has not yet been confirmed by head office. confirmation We haven't ............................................................................. head office. ANSWERS EXERCISE 1 01. mind our borrowing/if we borrow/lending us 02. not to be 03. is not as/so good as 04. will/can only 05. of you to lend/give 06. wished he had not asked 07. since I owned 08. should have warned 09. runs more/a greater risk of 10. despite knowing/the fact EXERCISE 2 01. to be/make friends with 02. put money/something aside for/against 03. are moving in with 04. found it surprising 05. (that) I shall (have to) miss, to miss 06. is no point (in/to) carrying 07. in single file 08. up to all sorts of 09. if I could 10. was not until he was
  7. 7. EXERCISE 3 01. twice as hard as 02. is expected to rise 03. is not always easy 04. to put him 05. made it impossible for 06. Scotsman will (ever) tip a 07. would rather not get 08. do their best to be 09. more likely you are to 10. It was a mistake/I made EXERCISE 4 01. since she had done so 02. has been there for a 03. that/because she did not pass 04. are not as numerous as/are less numerous than 05. in for a lot of 06. brought the list up to 07. it had not been for 08. owed his health to 09. was not his to 10. came as no EXERCISE 5 01. got into difficulties steering 02. had not been for 03. had we arrived than 04. did he do 05. is no truth in 06. so busy she did not 07. was no point in 08. hard-working man I have (ever) 09. is little likelihood 10. had difficulty hearing EXERCISE 6 01. would rather stay at 02. all on my 03. speak up for 04. since he went into 05. a pity he was not 06. did their best 07. found to her surprise 08. is permitted only in 09. apologised for being 10. had (received) confirmation from CAE/CPE KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS 001. He still hasn't recovered from losing his job last year. (BEING) He still hasn't got _____________________________________ last year. 002. Children and older people are much more prone to infection than young adults. (PICK) Children and older people _____________________________________ easily than young adults. 003. You must try to accept that you will never be famous! (TERMS) You must _____________________________________ fact that you will never be famous. 004. No one really expected John to do so well in his exams. (TAKEN)
  8. 8. Everyone _____________________________________ did so well in his exams. 005. Susan thinks that the colours are much too bright. (FAR) As _____________________________________ the colours are much too bright. 006. Students must not enter the exam late, whatever the reason might be. (CIRCUMSTANCES) Under _____________________________________ late. 007. Do you think your father was offended by what I said? (EXCEPTION) Do you think _____________________________________ comments? 008. This part of the building can only be accessed by authorised staff. (RESTRICTED) Access to _____________________________________ authorised staff. 009. This manual is too difficult for me. (CONCERNED) As _____________________________________, this manual is too difficult for me. 010. Susan couldn'tgetto the date because of the heavyrain.(PREVENTED) The heavyrain _____________________________________ gettingto the date. 011. Sally gets on well with her father-in-law. (TERMS) Sally is _____________________________________ her father-in-law. 012. I didn't realise what she would suffer in the first place. (DID) Little _____________________________________ would suffer in the first place. 013. The pupils are living temporarily in a hotel. (BEING) For_____________________________________, the pupils are living in a hotel. 014. It looks as if he's forgotten about the meeting again. (TO) He seems _____________________________________ about the meeting again. 015. Unfortunately, she's not lucky these days. (OUT) Unfortunately, she's _____________________________________ these days. 016. John is not accustomed to sleeping after meals. (HABIT) John is not _____________________________________ after meals. 017. The service at the hotel wasn't as good as I expected. (COME) The service at the hotel _____________________________________ my expectations. 018. She has taken it upon herself to take care of her mother. (COMMITTED) She has _____________________________________ care of her mother. 019. Were Ann not so beautiful a girl, John wouldn't be marrying her. (BEAUTY) But_____________________________________, John wouldn't be marrying her. 020. I was surprised to find out that Martin hadn't married Jane. (SURPRISE) It _____________________________________ me that Martin hadn't married Jane. 021. The deaths of almost sixty people were caused by the tornado. (RESULTED) The tornado _____________________________________ almost sixty people.
  9. 9. 022. " I wish I'd had the chance to visit Dublin", Peter said. (NOT) Peter regretted _____________________________________ the chance to visit Dublin. 023. Although Mr. Rogers was over sixty, he continued to smoke forty cigarettes a day. (SPITE) In _____________________________________ over sixty, Mr. Rogers continued to smoke forty cigarettes a day. 024. Mary isn't able to do it. Frank isn't able to do it either. (OR) Either _____________________________________ doing it. 025. I am not responsible for the sales any longer. (UNDER) No _____________________________________ my control. 026. Everybody came to the party apart from Steve. (EXCEPTION) With _____________________________________ Steve, everybody came to the party. 027. It was only when I stopped the car that I realised something was wrong. (DID) Only _____________________________________ I realise that something was wrong. 028. It's very kind of you to help me with the suitcase. (APPRECIATE) I really _____________________________________ me with the suitcase. 029. The flight will probably be cancelled. (PROBABILITY) In _____________________________________ will be cancelled. 030. She preferred to take a course in general linguistics instead of wasting her time at mathematics. (THAN) Rather _________________________________ at mathematics she preferred to take a course in general linguistics. 031. Helen would like to thank you from all the team. (BEHALF) Helen would like to thank you _____________________________________ all the team. 032. It's a pity I had to sell my car. (WISH) I _____________________________________ sell my car. 033. We have given the tools to all the workers. (PROVIDED) All the workers _____________________________________ the tools. 034. I'm going to reveal the truth somehow or other. (ANOTHER) In _____________________________________ I'm going to reveal the truth. 035. George demands that the project should be finished now. (INSISTENT) George _____________________________________ the project. 036. I think a good meal would do you good. (BENEFIT) I think you would _____________________________________ meal. 037. Although I like him very much, I don't want to socialize with him. (LIKE) Much_____________________________________, I don't want to socialize with him.
  10. 10. 038. She had only just entered the house when the telephone rang. (SOONER) No _____________________________________ the house than the telephone rang. 039. Martha persuaded John not to go out tonight. (TALKED) Martha _____________________________________ out tonight. 040. I didn't believe in the explanation he gave. (WAS) The explanation he gave _____________________________________ belief. 041. She had four daughters. The youngest of them was her favourite. (APPLE) She had four daughters the youngest _____________________________________ her eye. 042. It was raining heavily, so I didn't go to school at all. (FOR) If it _____________________________________ rain, I would have gone to school. 043. Everybody knows that the president died in a plane crash. (KNOWLEDGE) It is _____________________________________ the president died in a plane crash. 044. The first pilot refused to endanger the safety of the passengers of the plane. (PUT) The first pilot refused to _____________________________________ the safety of the passengers of the plane. 045. I wish I had studied more for the exam. (LIKED) I _____________________________________ more for the exam. 046. She informed the police because she assumed he was guilty of rape. (ASSUMPTION) She informed the police _____________________________________ he was guilty of rape. 047. Owing to bad weather conditions, she arrived late. (DUE) Her late _____________________________________ bad weather conditions. 048. I haven't had such a bad cough for many years. (HAD) Not _____________________________________ such a bad cough. 049. Thomas never pays much attention to what his mother says. (NOTICE) Thomas doesn't ever _____________________________________ what his mother says. 050. But for the sea temperatures being unusually high, they would never have survived. (WOULD) If it hadn't been for the _____________________________________ killed. 051. I'm afraid I believed his story completely! (TAKEN) I regret to say that I _____________________________________ his story. 052. It's very unlikely that we will promote Ruth this year. (CHANCE) There is very little _____________________________________ being promoted this year. 053. I offered him the job but he refused it. (TURNED) He _____________________________________ it down. 054. Giovanni's unwillingness to speak causes problems with English. (HAS) Due to the fact that Giovanni is _____________________________________ with his English.
  11. 11. 055. I don't mind at all if Susan records my lecture. (OBJECTION) I have _____________________________________ my lecture. 056. I had just started the new job when I got flu. (CAME) I _____________________________________ as I started the new job. 057. I have absolutelynointerestinTV realityshows.(APPEAL) TV realityshows_____________________________________ in the least. 058. Theyhad offeredhimagun forhis protection.(PROTECT) Theyhad offeredhimagunso _______________________________________ himself. 059. Havingevena small quantityof drugsinyour possessionisillegal.(LAW) It ______________________________________ have evena small quantityof drugsinyourpossession. 060. People generallythinkof bowls asa sportfor oldpeople.(CONSIDERED) Bowls_________________________________ to be a sportfor oldpeople. 061. The landscape became wilderaswe travelledfurtherinland.(THE) The furtherwe travelled______________________________ the landscape became. 062. It is advisable nottogoswimmingafteraheavymeal.(AVOID) You ____________________________________ swimmingafteraheavymeal. 063. You can’t learnall the vocabularyforthe exam:all youcan do iskeepyourfingerscrossed.(HOPE) You can’t learnall the vocabularyforthe exam:the onlythingto do _________________________ the best. 064. At the last minute hercourage failedher,andshe decidednottoleave home afterall.(NERVE) At the lastminute she _____________________________ andshe decidednottoleave home afterall. 065. I can’t waitto see heragain.(FORWARD) I’mreally_______________________________ her again. 066. Thank goodnesswe avoidedthe worstof the traffic.(LUCKY) We __________________________________ the worstof the traffic. 067. I wishI hadn’tphonedmysister-in-law.(REGRET) I ___________________________________ that phone call to mysister-in-law. 068. We can’t buy a new flat – we don’t have enough money. (AFFORD) We ___________________________________ a new flat. 069. He says he’s never met her before. (DENIES) He ______________________________ her before. 070. To me, he looks exactly the same in the photo as he does in real life. (DIFFERENCE) I can’t see ___________________________________ way he looks in the photo and in real life. 071. The judges were generally less keen on stories set in the past than contemporary stories. (TENDED) The judges ___________________________________ on contemporary stories than stories set in the
  12. 12. past. 072. This building does not appear to be finished. (LOOK) This building _________________________________ is finished. 073. Several of the candidates were not considered because of their age. (PASSED) Several of the candidates ___________________________________ to their age. 074. For many teenagers, their friends are their highest priority. (MATTERS) Friendship is _________________________________________ many teenagers. 075. George missed the meeting because he overslept. (WOULD) If George had ___________________________________ missed the meeting. 076. Could you please reply to this email as soon as possible? (GRATEFUL) I _________________________________________ would reply to this email as soon as possible. 077. We would have gone climbing if Brian hadn’t advised us not to. (FOR) If it ______________________________________ we would have gone Brian. 078. Marek wasn’t given any assistance in writing the report. (ALL) Marek wrote ________________________________________________ himself. 079. Freda still hasn’t decided if she’ll study medicine or law next year. (MIND) Freda still hasn’t _____________________________________________ to study medicine or law next year. 080. It’s possible that Kathy has been delayed by the tube strike. (HELD) Kathy may _________________________________________ by the tube strike. 081. The airline spokesman did not explain why the flights had been cancelled. (OFFERED) The airline spokesman __________________________________ regarding the cancellation of the flights. 082. John was not sure how to pronounce his colleague’s name. (ABOUT) John was uncertain ________________________________ of his colleague’s name. 083. Many people believe that pirates buried treasure on the island. (COMMON) It __________________________________ that pirates buried treasure on the island. 084. Some members of the audience were offended by the words of the song. (GAVE) The words of the song _______________________________ some members of the audience. 085. It is not certain when the college was founded but it was probably in the early 17th century. (EXACTLY) Nobody knows __________________________ the college took place, but it was probably in the early 17th century.
  13. 13. 086. Martin claimed that he was not responsible for the accident. (ACCEPT) Martin did _______________________________________ the accident. 087. The builders will need to modify these plans extensively before they can start work. (MAKE) The builders will need to _______________________________________ these plans before they can start work. 088. The scientists said that they were deeply disappointed by the results of the experiment. (EXPRESSED) The scientists _______________________________________ at the results of the experiment. 089. The students’ work has improved significantly this year. (HAVE) This year there _______________________________________ students’ work. 090. Peter and his colleagues frequently misunderstood each other and this led to conflict. (BETWEEN) Conflict was caused because of the ______________________________________ Peter and his colleagues. 091. James would only speak to the head of department alone. (ON) James ______________________________________ to the head of department alone. 092. There were a lot of things that we had to think about before we could accept their offer. (OBLIGED) There were several things that we__________________________ consideration before we could accept their offer. 093. Do you think you could help me to fill in this application form? (WONDERING) I ______________________________________ me a hand filling in this application form. 094. I know that it was wrong of me to shout in front of the customers. (RAISED) I know that I should ______________________________________ in front of the customers. 095. If you need any help, you can always call me. (HESITATE) If you need any help, ______________________________________ me. 096. It hasn’t rained quite as much this year as in previous years. (SLIGHTLY) This year, it has rained ______________________________________ did in previous years. 097. Unless the weather improves, they will have to stop the tennis match. (MEAN) If the weather doesn’t get ______________________________________ stopping the tennis match. 098. I don’t mind whether we stay in or go out this evening, but John wants to go to the cinema. (DIFFERENCE) It doesn’t ______________________ whether we stay in or go out this evening, but John wants to go to the cinema.
  14. 14. 099. It’s possible that the thieves entered the building by forcing a window at the back. (BROKEN) The thieves may ______________________________________ the building through a window at the back. 100. The rate of unemployment hasn’t increased quite as much this year compared to previous years. (SLIGHTLY) This year the rate of unemployment has increased ___________________________________ did in previous years. 101. It has rained much more in London over the last 10 years than it has ever done before. (CONSIDERABLY) Over the last 10 years, the rainfall in London has ___________________________________ before. 102. The comedian was less funny than the audience expected. (NEARLY) The comedian ___________________________________ the audience expected. 103. Every time he talks about going on holiday I get really excited. (THE) The more he talks about going on holiday ___________________________________ get. 104. What was much better than I expected was the costume design. (EXCEEDED) What ___________________________________ the costume design. 105. He wondered how likely it was that he would get top marks again. (CHANCES) He asked himself what ___________________________________ top marks again. 106. Does he ever give you the impression that he would rather be talking to someone else? (FEELING) Do you ever ___________________________________ would rather be talking to someone else? 107. Jenny’s generosity means that people exploit her good nature. (ADVANTAGE) Jenny’s so ___________________________________ of her good nature. 108. She needs to consider the amount the holiday is going to cost. (ACCOUNT) She needs ___________________________________ much the holiday is going to cost. 109. The speaker rambled on for ages before stating what the lecture was about. (POINT) It took ages for the speaker to ___________________________________ what the lecture was about. 110. We’d like to implement the idea immediately but we should wait a while. (PRACTICE) We’d like to ___________________________________ immediately but we should wait a while. 111. She’s renowned for her expertise in human psychology. (FIELD) She’s a renowned ___________________________________ human psychology. 112. Since the director could not speak at the awards ceremony himself, one of the actors took his place. (BEHALF) One of the actors made ___________________________________ the director at the awards ceremony. 113. It's true that I like to work on tasks by myself. (BEING) I ___________________________________ a person who prefers to work alone.
  15. 15. 114. The Japanese are the best at making pocket-sized technology. (SECOND) The Japanese ___________________________________ when it comes to making pocket-sized technology. 115. We had expected Pedro to get promoted. (SURPRISE) Pedro's promotion came ___________________________________ to us. 116. The government is proposing that drivers should only use their cars on alternate days. (OTHER) The government is proposing that cars should only ___________________________________ day. 117. A common belief is that British people cannot speak foreign languages very well. (WEAK) British people are commonly believed to ___________________________________ foreign languages. 118. He thinks his friends do not appreciate him. (GRANTED) He dislikes ___________________________________ by his friends. 119. There's a chance that you might find some interesting wildlife, so take a camera with you. (HAPPEN) You should take a camera with you in ___________________________________ across some interesting wildlife. 120. Rene's performance in last week's test was nowhere near as good as it was in today's. (CONSIDERABLY) Rene performed ___________________________________ he did in last week's. 121. If the bank refuses to lend us money, we might have to ask your parents instead. (REQUEST) If the bank turns ___________________________________ a loan, we might have to ask your parents instead. 122. Karen's shyness means that she tries not to speak about anything personal in front of other people. (HERSELF) Karen prefers to avoid ___________________________________ public, as she is terribly shy. 123. This recipe is really a lot more imaginative than the others in this book. (MOST) This recipe is by ___________________________________ in this book. 124. To help us run the exhibition next month, we need at least six people. (REQUIRED) No ___________________________________ to help us run the exhibition next month. 125. Since he was promoted to head chef, he has never been so stressed. (EVER) He has been suffering ___________________________________ since he was promoted to head chef. 126. You don't realize quite how much fat there is in that pizza. (DEAL) There's ___________________________________ fat in that pizza than you realize. 127. The day after I lost my job, I did not feel like getting out of bed. (INCLINATION) I ___________________________________ out of bed the day after losing my job. 128. Yesterday I informed my boss in writing that I would be leaving the company. (NOTICE)
  16. 16. I ___________________________________ to my boss yesterday. 129. They've postponed the meeting until January to give the management team longer to decide. (OFF) The meeting _________________________________ until January to give the management team longer to decide. 130. The company does not intend to create any redundancies even though profits are down. (NO) Even though profits are down, the company _____________________________ any of their employees redundant. 131. I imagine it was tough for you to refuse every beggar that asked you for money.( TURN) It must ___________________________________ every beggar that asked you for money. 132. Tom should have admitted his mistake as the company usually gives employees another chance. (SECOND) The company might ___________________________________ if he had admitted his mistake. 133. The government should have carefully considered the issue of global warming a long time ago. (ATTENTION) The government should ___________________________________ the issue of global warming a long time ago. 134. I think this report needed to be written more carefully. (CARE) You should ___________________________________ writing this report. 135. It was a waste of time attending the protest, as the council had already made its decision. (PART) We needn't ___________________________________ the protest, as the council had already made its decision. 136. Patrick is going to lose his job if he insists on arriving late to work. (KEEP) If ___________________________________ up late to work, Patrick is going to lose his job. 137. My parents are planning to pay someone to repair and redecorate their house next month. (UP) My parents are planning to have their ___________________________________ next month. 138. I regret not concentrating more on what the teacher said during my French lessons. (ATTENTION) I now wish ___________________________________ the teacher during my French lessons. 139. It could be a long time before the dolphins swim past, so while we're waiting I suggest you relax. (MEANTIME) We could be waiting for a long time for the dolphins to swim past, so _______________________________ to relax. 140. Team spirit no longer exists after one member of a team makes a mistake. (SUCH) Once one member of a team makes a mistake there ___________________________________ as team spirit. 141. With only three buttons to push, this new food processor looks simple, but that's deceptive. (IN) With only three buttons to push, this new food processor ___________________________________ appearance.
  17. 17. 142. My brother and I have the same liking for junk food but he spends more time in the gym. (JUST) My brother ___________________________________ much as I do but he spends more time in the gym. 143. It would be a good idea if you could lose a couple of kilos. (WEIGHT) I don't think that ___________________________________ you any harm. 144. Jake used his month's free membership really well by going to the gym every single day. (MOST) Jake ___________________________________ his month's free membership by going to the gym every single day. 145. My boss doesn't mind what time I start or finish work. (DIFFERENCE) It ___________________________________ what time I start or finish work. 146. The moment I saw the filthy state of the restaurant kitchen, I no longer felt hungry. (SOON) I lost ___________________________________ I saw the filthy state of the restaurant kitchen. 147. I had expected the snake dish to be much worse than it actually was. (BAD) The snake dish was actually nowhere ___________________________________ I had expected. 148. I would find Andy more attractive if he didn't laugh at strange things. (SENSE) If it were ___________________________________ humour, I would find Andy quite attractive. 149. Each and every one of our employees has contributed to the great success of our company. (SINGLE) The great success of our company is due to the contribution ________________________________ our employees. 150. Because that store sells clothes made by child labour, he doesn't shop there anymore. (ACCOUNT) He doesn't buy clothes from that store any more, ______________________ they sell clothes made by child labour. 151. It's likely they were delayed in a traffic jam. (PROBABLY) They will ___________________________________ up in a traffic jam. 152. If you should ever come to France, please feel free to visit us. (HAPPEN) Please feel free to visit us ___________________________________ to France. 153. Johnson was quite surprised when he won the election and became President. (ABACK) Johnson was rather ___________________________________ elected as President. 154. Except for John, who is still collecting data in Antarctica, we will all be able to attend the meeting. (WITH) We will all be able to make ________________________________ of John, who is still collecting data in Antarctica. 155. The police now think he invented the story to protect his girlfriend. (HAVE) He is now ___________________________________ up the story to protect his girlfriend.
  18. 18. 156. The animal rights activist was so persuasive that I felt obliged to sign the petition. (ADD) I felt I had ______________________________ to the petition because the animal rights activist was so persuasive. 157. They still haven't carried out a full assessment of the effects of these changes. (FULLY) The effects of these changes have yet ___________________________________. 158. The idea of flexi-time seemed to be popular with most of our senior managers. (FAVOUR) Most of our senior managers seemed ___________________________________ flexi-time. 159. It won't be easy for anyone to take over John's job when he retires. (SHOES) When John retires, it will be difficult for anyone ___________________________________. 160. After the noise from the machine has stopped, you can open the lid. UNTIL == Do not open the lid of the machine ...... that noise. 161. It was Jane who came up with the idea for the sales promotion. (BRAINS) Jane ___________________________________ the sales promotion. 162. Having a holiday together was a mistake because we argued all the time. (NEVER) I wish ___________________________________ on holiday together because we argued all the time. 163. During our summers, we used to compete with each other to see who could collect the most shells. (WOULD) During our summers, we _________________________________ another to see who could collect the most shells. 164. Although I wanted to quit smoking gradually, my doctor told me to stop immediately. (PREFER) I ___________________________________ up smoking gradually, but my doctor told me to stop immediately. 165. The scientists got the conclusion wrong because they were not thorough enough with their research. (PROBABLY) If their research had been more thorough, the scientists ____________________________ to the wrong conclusion. 166. Can we please stay on one channel when we're watching TV? (KEEP) I wish you ___________________________________ the channel when we're watching TV. 167. You were not supposed to tell anyone about my news! (SECRET) I'd rather ___________________________________ instead of telling everyone! 168. Several of the applicants were not considered because of their age. (PASSED) Several of the applicants ___________________________________ to their age. 169. For many teenagers, their looks are the highest priority. (MATTERS) Appearance is ___________________________________ many teenagers. 170. Dave missed the plane because he overslept. (WOULD) If Dave had ___________________________________ missed the plane. 171. It's a pity, but I'm sure Gerald can solve our problems. (COME)
  19. 19. It's a pity, but I'm sure Gerald can ___________________________________ to our problems. 172. Lynne's dedication to her family has always been exemplary. (HERSELF) Lynne ___________________________________ the most exemplary way. 173. In spite of all my efforts I couldn't get him to change his mind. (HARD) No matter ___________________________________ I couldn't get him to change his mind. 174. It may seem strange, but the painter has no formal training. (LACKS) Strange though ___________________________________ kind of formal training. 175. I've never thought of going by bus. (OCCURRED) It has ___________________________________ by bus. 176. I called this meeting to discuss the new contracts. (PURPOSE) My ___________________________________ was to discuss the new contracts. 177. Sally was very pleased to be selected for the team. (DELIGHT) Much ___________________________________ for the team. 178. Christiana wanted to make sure that everything was as it should be on the day of the exam. (LEAVE) Christiana didn't ___________________________________ on the day of the exam. 179. The price of gold has gone up a great deal recently. (SHARP) There has been ___________________________________ gold recently. 180. Rick does not intend to see that film again. (HAS) Rick ___________________________________ that film again. 181. "Because of this new evidence I have no alternative but to release you." the judge told the accused. (LIGHT) "___________________________________ I have no alternative but to release you." the judge told the accused. 182. Unless the weather changes dramatically overnight, the match will go ahead as planned. (NO) Provided ___________________________________ the weather overnight, the match will go ahead as planned. 183. Brian found it hard to get used to the fact that his marriage had failed. (TERMS) Brian found it hard ___________________________________ the fact that his marriage had failed. 184. Rebecca didn't tell Clive the news until he had finished his dinner. (FOR) Rebecca ___________________________________ telling him the news. 185.They gave him the impression he had got the job. (LED) He ___________________________________ he had got the job. 186. Don't let his friendly manner deceive you; he's a very unpleasant person. (TAKEN) Don't let ___________________________________ his friendly manner; he's a very unpleasant person.
  20. 20. 187. Did you manage to get in contact with the manager? (GETTING) Did you ___________________________________ in contact with the manager? 188. We had no problems at all during our trip to Spain. (PLAN) Everything ___________________________________ during our trip to Spain. 189. This floor can only be accessed by authorised staff. (RESTRICTED) Access to this floor ___________________________________ authorised staff. 190. I forbid you to go to that place. (QUESTION) It's ___________________________________ for you to go that place. 191. Everyone was happy with the suggested plans. (OPPOSITION) There was ___________________________________ the suggested plans. 192. Do you mind if I watch you while you work? (OBJECTION) Do you ___________________________________ you while you work? 193. You must try to accept that you will never become a famous actor. (TERMS) You must ___________________________________ fact that you will never become a famous actor. 194. I've tried hard to get on with him but I just can't. (MATTER) I just can't get on with him ___________________________________ I try. 195. The old railway station is now a museum. (TURNED) The old railway station ___________________________________ a museum. 196. Perhaps your mother phoned while we were out. (MAY) You mother ___________________________________ while we were out. 197. I'm sorry now that I didn't tell you the truth. (REGRETED) Now I ___________________________________ truth. 198. You are not allowed to smoke here. (SMOKING) ___________________________________ here. 199. The best answer was given by Thomas. (CAME) Thomas ___________________________________ answer. 200. They laid most of the blame on Peter. (FOR) Peter ___________________________________ most of the blame. 201. She knew nothing about the party that they were planning. (DARK) She was ___________________________________ the party that they were planning. 202. Our team has won the football championship for the second year running. (SUCCESSION) For the second year ___________________________________ by a local team. 203. You must never leave the workplace without letting the team leader know. (ACCOUNT) On ___________________________________ without letting the team leader know. 204. It is not very likely that Mark will be given the promotion. (CHANCE)
  21. 21. Mark has ___________________________________ the promotion. 205. The cost of living has gone up a great deal lately. (SHARP) There has been ___________________________________ living lately. 206. If you don't know what you're doing, you shouldn't dismantle the laptop. (APART) Don't ___________________________________ you know what you're doing. 207. I was shocked by the cheeky response that the girl gave to her mother. (ABACK) I was ___________________________________ the cheeky response that the girl gave to her mother. 208. Simon is rumoured to be about to become a Sky News presenter. (VERGE) Rumour has ___________________________________ becoming a Sky News presenter. 209. Angela was full of anticipation about the party next week. (FORWARD) Angela ___________________________________ the party next week. 210. He’d been struggling to think of a really original birthday present. (COME) No matter how he tried ___________________________________ an idea for a really original birthday present. 211. Her teacher said she wasn’t progressing as well as other students with her assignments. (DANGER) Her teacher warned her that she was ___________________________________ behind with her assignments. 212. David thought it unfair that his team resented him for not scoring a goal. (AGAINST) David thought it unfair that his team should ___________________________________ for not scoring a goal. 213. Holly decided that she’d ask to be transferred to another department. (REQUEST) Holly decided to put ___________________________________ a transfer to another department. 214. We decided we wouldn’t go with him to the airport after all. (SEE) We decided not to ___________________________________ the airport after all. 215. I thought she might have forgotten our meeting so I called her. (CASE) I called her ___________________________________ our meeting. 216. Why should anyone be proud of the fact that they didn't complete the project. (PRIDE) Why should anyone ___________________________________ that they didn't complete the project. 217. When he won the championship, Stephen began to realise just how happy he was. (DAWN) When he won the championship, it began ___________________________________ just how happy he was. 218. She may run into additional problems if she doesn't have any proper insurance. (PRONE) She ___________________________________ she has any proper insurance. 219. Mr Brown was offended by some of the comments that were made about his wife. (EXCEPTION) Mr Brown ___________________________________ some of the comments that were made about his
  22. 22. wife. 220. It is important to know the difference between a joke and a lie. (DRAW) It is important to know ___________________________________ between a joke and a lie. 221. Agatha never really expected the venture to be a roaring success. (OF) Agatha had little ___________________________________ a roaring success. 222. I'm sorry, I didn't mean to interrupt the conversation. (INTENTION) I'm sorry, I ___________________________________ the conversation. 223. Sandra would only go to the supermarket on a Saturday. (ON) Sandra ___________________________________ to the supermarket on a Saturday. 224. The contract said that we didn’t have to accept the conditions immediately. (OBLIGATION) The contract said that we were ___________________________________ accept the conditions immediately. 225. He wouldn’t have been interviewed by the police if he hadn’t seen the robbery. (WITNESS) The police wouldn’t have interviewed him unless he ___________________________________ the robbery. 226. The paramedics were told that they should never place a human life at risk trying to rescue an animal. (CIRCUMSTANCES) The paramedics were warned that ________________________________ place a human life at risk trying to rescue an animal. 227. If you need any help please don’t hesitate to ask. (ASSISTANCE) If I can ___________________________________ please don’t hesitate to ask. 228. If it has to be cancelled the show will take place at a later date. (EVENT) In ___________________________________ cancelled the show will take place at a later date. 229. It is a pity I didn't meet your sister at the conference yesterday. (HAVE) I would ___________________________________ your sister at the conference yesterday. 230. She never thought that he would end up in prison. (CROSSED) It ___________________________________ that he would end up in prison. 231. In my opinion she is sure the win the contest. (CONFIDENT) I am ___________________________________ the contest. 232. Felix was operating the machine when the accident happened. (TIME) The machine was ___________________________________ of the accident. 233. As far as I know, the car was stolen in the evening. (KNOWLEDGE) To ___________________________________, the car was stolen in the evening. 234. I have no idea how to adjust the television set. (LOSS) I am ___________________________________ how to adjust the television set. 235. If Sue hadn't refused to work overtime, she would have got promotion. (IT)
  23. 23. Had ___________________________________, she would have got promotion. 236. The chairman resigned because of his sudden illness. (RESULTED) The ___________________________________ his sudden illness. 237. Titanic was so boring that I fell asleep after the first hour. (LESS) Had Titanic ___________________________________ have fallen asleep in the first hour. 238. Mary, what do you think you would do if you won the lottery? (SUPPOSING) Mary, ___________________________________ what would you do? 239. The best thing to do is to be honest with her about the situation. (STRAIGHT) If I were you, ___________________________________ her about the situation. 240. I like to take my time to decide, not rush important things. (SNAP) I don't like to ___________________________________ important things. 241. I know it is unlikely, but if you see Mum, could you give her this money. (HAPPEN) If you ___________________________________ could you give her this money. 242. In my job as a journalist, I can get money that is more than enough to live on. (LIVING) I can ___________________________________ as a journalist. 243. I would have made different arrangements, if I had been warned about the situation. (HAD) I would have made different arrangements, ___________________________________ about the situation. 244. Although I cansee your point, the most important thingis that we don't have the moneytoopen a newbranchof the company. (BOTTOM) Although I can see your point, ___________________________________ we don't have enough money to open a new branch. 245. I can lend you ten pounds, on the condition that you give me back the money next week, Shohei. (PROVIDING) I can lend you ten pounds, ___________________________________ me the money next week. 246. Some of the rowdier students were encouraging other demonstrators to throw stones. (EGGED) Demonstrators were ___________________________________ throw stones. 247. It's a good idea, but you really need to consider it carefully before you take action. (THROUGH) Your idea is good, but it ___________________________________ before you act on it. 248. My manager told me that I ought to test my new idea in a small way to see it works. (PILOT) My manager wants me to run ___________________________________ so that we can evaluate it. 249. Jenny apologises, but she isn't very well today so she won't be coming in. (HERSELF) Jenny is sorry but she can't come in as she ___________________________________ today. 250. The government recommend a balance of reward and punishment when dealing with young offenders. (STICK) The government favour a ___________________________________ to young offenders 251. Apparently, only one percent of the total land is used for agricultural production. (ACCOUNTS)
  24. 24. It seems that agricultural production ___________________________________ the total land. 252. Graham likes bananas, but when he eats them he always feels bad afterwards. (AGREE) Bananas ___________________________________ Graham but he still likes them. 253. Let's all work together, and we'll finish the job very quickly. (NEXT) We'll have this job done ___________________________________ if we all co-operate. 254. If you want to succeed, you need to make best use of the things you are good at. (PLAY) You have to ___________________________________ if you want to do well. 001. over being made redundant 002. pick up infections much more 003. come to terms with the 004. was taken by surprisewhen John 005. far as Susan is concerned 006. no circumstances may students enter the exam 007. your father took exception to my 008. this part of the building is restricted to 009. as far as I am concerned 010. prevented Susan from 011. on good terms with 012. did she realise what she 013. the time being 014. to have forgotten 015. out of luck 016. in the habit of sleeping 017. did not come up to 018. committed herself to taking 019. for Ann’s beauty 020. came as a surpriseto 021. resulted in the deaths of 022. not having had/that he had not had 023. spiteof being 024. Frank or Mary is incapable of 025. no longer are the sales under 026. the exception of 027. when/after I stopped thecar did I 028. appreciateyour helping 029. all probability theflight 030. than wasteher time 031. on behalf of 032. wish I had not had to 033. have been provided with 034. one way or another 035. is insistent on finishing 036. benefit from a good 037. as I like him 038. sooner had she entered 039. talked John out of going 040. was beyond my 041. of whom was theappleof 042. had not been for the heavy 043. common/public knowledge that 044. put a risk 045. would have liked to have studied 046. on the assumption that 047. arrival was due to 048. for many years have I had 049. take much notice of 050. unusually high sea temperatures, they would have been 051. was completely taken in by 052. chance of Ruth 053. was offered the job but turned 054. unwilling to speak, he has problems 055. no objection to Susan recording 056. came down with flu as soon 057. do not appeal to me 058. (that) he couldprotect 059. is against the law to 060. is generallyconsidered (tobe) 061. inlandthe wilder 062. should avoidgoing 063. is (to) hope for 064. lost her nerve 065. looking forwardto seeing 066. were luckyto avoid 067. regret having made/making 068. can’t afford to buy 069. denies meeting / denies having met / deniesthat he has met 070. anydifference inthe 071. tendedto be keener 072. does not lookas if it / as thoughit 073. were passedover due / owing 074. what matters (the) most to 075. not overslept he wouldnot have 076. wouldbe grateful ifyou 077. had not beenfor Brian’s advice 078. the report all by 079. made upher mindwhether 080. have been held up 081. offerednoexplanation 082. about the pronunciation 083. is a commonbelief 084. gave offence to 085. exactlywhenthe foundationof 086. accept responsibilityfor 087. make extensive modifications to 088. their deep disappointment 089. have been significant improvements in 090. frequent misunderstandings between 091. insisted onspeaking 092. were obliged to take into 093. was wondering if/whether you could/would/might lend/give 094. not have raisedmyvoice 095. don’t/donot hesitate to call 096. slightlylessthanit 097. (any) better it will mean 098. make any/muchdifference to me 099 have broken into 100. slightlylessthanit KEY
  25. 25. 101. been considerablyhigher than 102. was not nearlyas funnyas 103. the more excitedI 104. exceeded myexpectation(s) was 105. were the chances ofhim getting 106. get/have the feeling that he 107. generous that people take advantage 108. to take intoaccount how 109. get to the point 110. put the idea intopractice 111. expert inthe field of 112. a speech onbehalf of 113. admit to being 114. are secondto none 115. as a surprise 116. be usedeveryother 117. be weak at 118. being takenfor granted 119. case you happento come 120. considerablybetter intoday's test than 121. down our request 122. drawing attention to herself in 123. far the most imaginative 124. fewer thansix people are required 125. from stress ever 126. great deal more 127. had no inclination ofgetting 128. handedin mynotice 129. has beencalledoff 130. has nointention ofmaking 131. have been toughto turn down 132. have givenhim a secondchance 133. have paidattentionto 134. have taken more care when 135. have taken part in 136. he keeps turning 137. house done up 138. I had paidmore attentionto 139. in the meantime take some time 140. is no suchthing 141. is simple onlyin 142. likes junkfood just as 143. losinga bit ofweight woulddo 144. made the most of 145. makes no difference to myboss 146. my appetite as soonas 147. near as badas 148. not for his strange sense of 149. of everysingle one of 150. on account of the fact that 151. probablyhave beenheld 152. should youhappento come 153. taken aback after being 154. the meetingwith the exception 155. thought to have made 156. to add myname 157. to be fullyassessed 158. to be in favour of 159. to fill hisshoes 160. until it has stopped making 161. was the brains behind 162. we had never gone 163. wouldcompete with one 164. wouldhave preferredto give 165. wouldprobablynot have come 166. wouldn't keep changing 167. you had kept mynews a secret 168. were passedover due 169. what matters the most to 170. not overslept he wouldnot have 171. come up with a solution 172. has always dedicated herself to her familyin 173. how hardI tried 174. it mayseem, the painter lacks any 175. never occurredto me to go 176. purpose incalling this meeting 177. to her delight Sallywas selected 178. want to leave anything to chance 179. a sharp rise inthe price of 180. has nointention ofseeing 181. In the light ofthis newevidence 182. there is nochange in 183. to come to terms with 184. waitedfor Clive to finish his dinner before 185. was led to believe 186. yourselfbe taken inby 187. succeedingetting 188. went according to plan 189. is restrictedto 190. out of the question 191. no oppositionto 192. have anyobjectionto mywatching 193. come to terms with the 194. no matter how hard 195. has beenturnedinto 196. mayhave phoned 197. regret not tellingyou the 198. Smoking is forbidden 199. came up withthe best 200. came infor 201. kept in the dark about 202. in succession, the footballchampionship has beenwon 203. no account should youleave the workplace 204. little chance of getting 205. a sharp rise inthe cost of 206. take the laptopapart unless 207. taken aback by 208. it that Simonis onthe verge of 209. was lookingforwardto 210. he could not come upwith 211. in danger of falling 212. hold it against him 213. in a request for 214. see him offat 215. in case she hadforgotten 231. confident ofher winning 232. being operated byFelix at the time 233. the best of myknowledge 234. at a lossas to 235. it not beenfor Sue's refusal 236. chairman's resignation resultedfrom 237. been lessboring I wouldnot 238. supposingyou wonthe lottery 239. I wouldbe straight with 240. make snap decisions about/on 241. (should) happen to see mum, 242. make/earn a good/decent living 243. Had I/If I hadbeen warned 244. the bottom line is 245. providing (that) you give
  26. 26. 216. pride themselves onthe fact 217. to dawn onStephen 218. is prone to run intoadditional problems unless 219. took exception to 220. how to draw the line 221. expectation ofthe venture becoming 222. didn't have anyintentionof interrupting 223. insisted ongoing 224. under noobligationto 225. had been (a)witness to 226. under nocircumstances shouldthey 227. be of (any) assistance 228. the event of(it)being 229. like to have met 230. never crossedher mind 246. being eggedon to 247. needs to be thought through(carefully)/thinking through (carefully) 248. a pilot scheme/project 249. is/doesnot feeling/feel herself 250. carrot and stickapproach/policy 251. accounts for (just/only) one percent of 252. do not agree with 253. in next to no time 254. playto your strengths
  • CarmenNB1

    Sep. 30, 2020

Fce key-word-transformation 250 exercises

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