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What are common characteristics of these civilizations? -arose in river valleys -located in the equator (climate belt?)
We don’t know a lot about the Indus Valley Civilization because historians haven’t deciphered their writing system yet. At its height, the civilization of the Indus Valley influenced an area much larger than did either Mesopotamia or Egypt.
“a long ass time” = 150 BCE to 1911 CE according to Crash Course World History
There were women rulers (empress dowagers), too. Not just men.
Ancient Chinese Civilizations: The River Dynasties
Araling Panlipunan 8
NOTES ON USAGE
Last updated: November 24, 2016
This teacher-made slideshow presentation
was intended for high school students in a
public school setting and should be
utilized in a manner consistent with Fair
East China Sea
Huang He or Yellow
Yangtze or Chang Jiang
yellowish silt deposit
which is rich and fertile
Word History: Patterns of
o Huang He’s floods
could be disastrous.
o relative geographic
isolation, trade was
o natural boundaries did
not completely protect
o Southwest China,
fossil remains dating
1.7 million years ago
o Homo erectus “Peking
Man” in northern
China river valleys
dated to 500,000
XIA DYNASTY Yu
His flood control and irrigation projects helped tame the Huang
He and its tributaries so that settlements could grow.
Based on legend, and most likely fictional
SHANG DYNASTYFirst dynasty to keep historical records, considered to be
the first dynasty in China
earliest writing is found on oracle
Wu Ding was one
of the emperors
during the Shang
• a consort (one of the
wives) of Wu Ding
• a wife, military leader,
politician and shaman
Fu Hao’s tomb has yielded over a hundred
weapons. This is very unusual for a woman’s
tomb, and shows her status as a military leader.
In all there were around 2000 items buried with
Fu Hao. Among these there are 468 bronzes,
750 jades, 560 of bone and over 110 of stone
and semi-precious stone. Over six thousand
cowrie shells were buried with her also – these
would have served as currency in the Shang
ZHOU DYNASTYstarted the Classical Age of China
transition to the Iron Age
mandate of heaven
by acting in a virtuous manner, a person could gain
Heaven’s rewards; for emperors, heaven would bless
them with the right to rule
Hundred Schools of Thought
Name given to philosophers and
schools that flourished during this
• first imperial dynasty (empire + dyna
• united the different states under one
Beck, Roger B. (2009). World History: Patterns of Interaction.
Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell.
The British Museum. “The Tomb of Lady Fu Hao”. The British Museum.