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A proposal-for-the-urban-mobility-of-the-city-of-manaus

An analysis of the perspective of transformation of urban mobility in the city of Manaus, under a vision of the paradigms of intelligent city, presented by Cristóvam Luiz aiming to obtain a scholarship to participate in the IGLUS Executive Master Program, of the Polytechnic School of Lausanne.

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A proposal-for-the-urban-mobility-of-the-city-of-manaus

  1. 1. An analysis of the perspective of transformation of urban mobility in the city of Manaus, under a vision of the paradigms of intelligent city, presented by Cristóvam Luiz aiming to obtain a scholarship to participate in the IGLUS Executive Master Program, of the Polytechnic School of Lausanne. Year 2017 Ano 2017 A PROPOSAL FOR THE URBAN MOBILITY OF THE CITY OF MANAUS Case Study by Cristóvam Luiz
  2. 2. 1 A PROPOSAL FOR THE URBAN MOBILITY OF THE CITY OF MANAUS (CASE STUDY BY CRISTÓVAM LUIZ) INTRODUCTION 1. The city of Manaus Manaus is a Brazilian municipality, capital of the State of Amazonas and the main financial, corporate and economic center of the Northern Region of Brazil. It is a historical and port city, located in the center of the greater tropical forest of the world. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Negro and Solimões, being one of the Brazilian cities more known world-wide, mainly for its tourist potential and ecotourism, which makes of Manaus the tenth largest destination of tourists in Brazil. It belongs to the mesoregion of the Amazon Center and to the homonymous microregion, and stands out for its architectural and cultural patrimony, with notable museums, theaters, temples, palaces and libraries. It is located in the extreme north of the country, to 3.490 kilometers of the national capital, Brasilia. Teatro Amazonas, in Manaus. Originally founded in 1669 by the Portuguese with the fort of São José do Rio Negro, it was elevated to the village in 1832 under the name Manaus, in honor of the indigenous nation of the manaus, being legally transformed into a city on the 24th Of October of 1848 with the name of City of the Bar of the Black River. Only on September 4, 1856, it was renamed. It was known in the early twentieth century, in the golden age of rubber, Attracting foreign MANAUS: Characterized by the architectural beauty, the richness of its biodiversity and the concentration of the second most important pole of industrial production in Latin America, Manaus also has serious urban problems that need to be solved. In this context, we are faced with issues related to urban mobility, especially the public transport system, whose challenges have pushed local authorities and government officials to discuss projects and ideas in order to seek the construction of an intelligent city , based on balance and respect for the environment and the planet.
  3. 3. 2 investment and immigrants from some parts of the world, especially French. At that time it was baptized like "Heart of the Amazon" and "City of the Forest". Currently its main economic engine is the Manaus Free Trade Zone. 1.1. Location and geographic data: State of Amazonas Manaus Estimated Population 2016 (1) 2.094.391 Population 2010 1.802.014 Area of territorial unit 2015 (km²) 11.401,092 Demographic density 2010 (hab/km²) 158,06 Town Code 1302603 Gentíle Manauara Mayor 2017: ARTHUR VIRGILIO DO CARMO RIBEIRO NETO 1.2. Da População: It is the most populous city in the Amazon and the Amazon, with a population of almost 2.1 million, according to estimates by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in 2016. At the national level, it is ranked as the seventh most populous in Brazil, besides the 131st most populous in the world. It is soothes of the Metropolitan Region of Manaus, the most populous of the North Region of the country and the eleventh most populous of Brazil, with 2 568 817 inhabitants, representing 1.22% of the total Brazilian population. Despite registering one of the largest economies in the country and being one of its most populous municipalities, Manaus has one of the lowest Human Development Indexes (HDI) among Brazilian capitals, with 0.737 points (considered high), which places it in 23rd place Between the state capitals of the country, at the head of only four other capitals. In its metropolitan region, the index is even lower, with 0.720 points, the lowest result among the 16 main Brazilian metropolitan regions. Font: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manaus
  4. 4. 3 1.3. Population by Sex and Age Group: Fonte: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/v3/cidades/municipio/1302603 2. Data of the Economy: With the sixth largest economy in Brazil, the city has gradually increased its share in the composition of the Brazilian economic sector in recent years, and now accounts for 1.2% of the Brazilian economy. In the ranking of América Economía magazine, Manaus appears like one of the 30 best cities in the business of Latin America, being ahead of capitals of South American countries like Caracas, Asunción and Quito. The capital was one of the twelve Brazilian host cities of the 2014 World Cup, as well as one of five Rio 2016 Olympic sub- venues. Font: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manaus 2.1. Current GDP and GDP per capita: Font: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/v3/cidades/municipio/1302603
  5. 5. 4 2.2. Revenue and Expenditure:: 3.0 Municipal Participation Fund 2005/2014 Font: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/v3/cidades/municipio/1302603
  6. 6. 5 4. From the Manaus Free Zone:: The Manaus Free Trade Zone (ZFM) is a model of economic development implemented by the Brazilian government, aiming to provide an economic base in the Western Amazon, to promote a better productive and social integration of this region to the country, guaranteeing national sovereignty over its borders. The most successful regional development strategy, the model leads to the region of its scope (states of the Western Amazon: Acre, Amazonas, Rondônia and Roraima and the cities of Macapá and Santana, Amapá) economic development allied to environmental protection, providing Better quality of life for their populations. ZFM comprises three economic poles: commercial, industrial and agricultural. The first had a higher rise until the end of the 1980s, when Brazil adopted the closed economy regime. The industrial is considered the base of support of the ZFM. The industrial center of Manaus has approximately 600 high-tech industries generating over half a million direct and indirect jobs, mainly in the electronics, two-wheel and chemical segments. Among the products manufactured are: cellular and audio and video devices, televisions, motorcycles, concentrates for soft drinks, among others. The Agricultural and Livestock Pole hosts projects focused on food production, agroindustry, fish farming, tourism, wood processing, among others. Industrial District of Manaus Font:http://site.suframa.gov.br/assuntos/modelo-zona-franca-de-manaus/o-que-e-o-projeto-zfm
  7. 7. 6 5. Urban Mobility and Perspectives of Change: 5.1. Urban Mobility and Perspectives of Change: Photo: Illustration 5.2. Transportation Systems used in Manaus: • Bi-articulated buses; • Executive Buses; • Taxi-stocking; • Bike taxi; • Boats; • Boats; • Others. 5.3. Municipal Vehicle Fleet:
  8. 8. 7 5.4. Data of the Municipal Vehicle Fleet: Fonte: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/painel/frota.php?lang=&codmun=130260&search=amazonas|ma naus|infogr%E1ficos:-frota-municipal-de-ve%EDculos%27 5. Political proposals presented at the World Cup in 2014: The Federal Government, through the Ministry of Sports, the Government of Amazonas and the Municipal Government of Manaus, celebrated a document called the Matrix of Responsibility, signed on January 23, 2010, in Brasília -DF. It was publicly stated at the time that one of the positive aspects of this decision-making would be the possibility of making significant changes in the Urban Mobility of Manaus, under the terms of Clause Three - Responsibilities of Unitholders. During this period, a great deal of information was conveyed on the prospects for the feasibility of installing subways, Monorail, Cycles, etc. During this period, the then Governor Eduardo Braga initiated a massive campaign in the media, publicizing projects of urban interventions. This is how the records of the government's intentions and of the various negotiations about the change in the matrixes of the large transport system for the city appeared. As regards the issue, there are records, which highlight the following: The Manaus Monorail is a collective transportation system in design. With the start of works scheduled for the second half of 2013, it will have 20 km and 9 stations and connect the center of Manaus to the Jorge Teixeira neighborhood, at a cost of R $ 1.4 billion. Variable Manaus Amazonas Brasil Automobiles 340.477 358.570 49.822.708 Trucks 16.634 19.883 2.645.992 Trator-Trucks 2.766 2.979 593.892 Trucks 71.690 80.088 6.588.813 Trucks 24.873 26.731 2.908.233 Micro-bus 3.042 3.469 375.274 Motocycles 147.481 221.639 20.216.193 Scooters 14.409 49.881 3.833.159 Bus 7.816 8.787 590.657 Tractors 65 69 30.371 Tools 4.610 4.775 637.211
  9. 9. 8 With the choice of Brazil to host the 2014 World Cup, several capitals have applied to be one of the 12 venues of the games. The city of Manaus launched an application to be one of the headquarters of the canopy in 2008 and within the proposal to host the games, studies were begun for the design of a medium capacity collective transportation system. Following the completion of the studies, the government of Amazonas presented the project of installing a monorail line linking the center of Manaus to the Jorge Teixeira neighborhood, in the eastern part of the city, passing through the future arena Arena da Amazônia. With fourteen kilometers of extension and 5 stations, it would carry around 170 thousand passengers per day, having been budgeted at R $ 850 million. The project would evolve from the choice of Manaus as one of the headquarters of the World Cup and the state of Amazonas would sign the document of Matrix of Responsibilities with FIFA committing itself to improve the urban mobility of the city of Manaus. Font: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monotrilho_de_Manaus 6. Mobility projects presented and under analysis: Manaus Monorail Project, presented by the government of Amazonas, on the occasion of the World Cup in 2014; http://www.mobilize.org.br/mapas/48/projeto-do-monotrilho-de-manaus.html
  10. 10. 9 7. Investment Estimate for Monorail deployment: Font: SEPLAN – Governo do Estado do Amazonas. Project for feasibility of Monorail in Manaus (Undefined)
  11. 11. 10 8. BRT-Manaus Project Font: http://www.mobilize.org.br/mapas/42/projeto-do-sistema-de-brt-de- manaus.html 9. The aspirations of the population: Considering a metropolitan city embedded in the middle of the exuberant Amazon jungle, with a population of more than two million inhabitants and with an industrial pole of the most expressive of Latin America, being the sixth economy among the Brazilian cities, Manaus can not Without the feasibility of expanding the necessary improvements in their urban or socio-technical systems. One of the main factors for the adoption of more efficient urban infrastructure projects is the urgent implementation of mitigating measures for Urban Mobility within the new concepts and standards of intelligent cities.
  12. 12. 11 10. Conclusion: Smart City in Manaus. Characterized, therefore, by its architectural beauty, the richness of its biodiversity and the concentration of the second most important pole of industrial production in Latin America, Manaus also has serious urban problems that need to be solved. In this context, we are faced with issues related to urban mobility, especially the public transport system, whose challenges have pushed local authorities and government officials to discuss projects and ideas in order to seek the construction of an intelligent city , Based on balance and respect for nature, the environment and the planet. Therefore, I am presenting this case study seeking, above all, the academic suggestions, technical guidelines, socioeconomic indications and investments of the credit institutions, in the sense that we can present a complete proposal for the decision of the local public managers and managers, aiming at the realization Of dreams and plans of improvements needed for a metropolitan city in the Amazon, providing a healthier life to its inhabitants.
  13. 13. 12 11.Bibliografia e Referências: [1] History of Manaus: Manaus (AM). Prefeitura. 2014. Disponível em: http://www.manaus.am.gov.br. Acesso em: jan. 2014; [2] Geographical and historical notes: https://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manaus [3] Infographics: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/painel/painel.php?codmun=130260 [4] Economic data: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/painel/economia.php?lang=&codmun=130260&search=amazona s|manaus|infogr%E1ficos:-despesas-e-receitas-or%E7ament%E1rias-e-pib [5] Transportation Fleet: http://cidades.ibge.gov.br/painel/frota.php?lang=&codmun=130260&search=amazonas|ma naus|infogr%E1ficos:-frota-municipal-de-ve%EDculos%27 [6] Other information: Matriz de Responsabilidade, Which among them the federated entities denominated Ministry of Sports, Government of the State of Amazonas and Municipality of Manaus, of January 23, 2010, signed a PDF. *Submit this case study to iglus@epfl.ch. cristovamluiz@bol.com.br cristovamluiz@hotmail.com

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