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What is an environmental management system (EMS)?
It refers to system for managing an organisations environmental
programme’s in a formal comprehensive, systematic, planned &
documented manner. It embraces organisational structure,
planning & resources for developing, implementing & maintaining
the policy for protection of environment. Thus it has to have,
•Commitment of top management
•Written objectives for EMS
•Benefits of EMS
•Relevant legal requirements
•Documents or written procedures
Part of an organisation’s management system
used to develop and implement its
environmental policy and manage its
What Is an Environmental Management System (EMS)?
An EMS is simply a set of procedures to reduce our
environmental footprint in our day-to-day activities.
An EMS is the combination of people, policies, procedures,
review, and plans to help address environmental issues.
An EMS is that part of an overall management system which
includes organizational structure, planning activities,
responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes, and resources
for...achieving environmental policy.
Important EMS elements include continual improvement,
management commitment, formalization, and awareness of a
systems based approach.
Why have an EMS?
•Improve management of environmental impacts
•Set targets to reduce energy use, water use &
waste to landfill
•Initiate and maintain procedures to improve
Environmentally friendly purchasing
Preferred business travel option
•Define key responsibilities for achieving targets
•Monitor and measure environmental
performance against key indicators
•Regularly assess progress towards achieving set
•Ensure due diligence and ongoing consideration
of legal and other environmental requirements
Some important EMS definitions
Environmental Aspect (Cause) – The elements of an
organization’s activities, products, or services which can interact with
Examples include: air emissions, water discharges, , use of raw materials,
energy use, use of natural resources, use of volatile organic compounds.
Environmental Impact (Effect) – Any change to the
environment whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially
resulting from an organizations activities, products, or services.
Examples include: depletion of natural resources, air pollution,
hazardous waste generation, soil and water contamination.
What is ISO all about?
ISO 9000 Quality Management system
ISO 14000 Environmental Management Systems
ISO 18000 (OHSMS) Safety Management System
ISO 28000 Security Management Systems
International Organization for Standardization –
ISO “program numbers and names”
Purpose of an EMS
An EMS brings together the people, policies,
plans, review mechanisms, and procedures used
to manage environmental issues at a facility or in
Benefits of an EMS
•Helps maintain compliance
•Reduce operating costs
programs into mission
•Increase employee involvement
•Reduce environmental impacts
(e.g., ISO 14001)
The Continuous Cycle
Planning, identifying environmental
aspects and establishing goals
Implementing, includes training and
Checking, includes monitoring and
Reviewing, includes progress reviews
and acting to make needed changes
Plan, Do, Check, Act Cycle
(e.g., ISO 14001)
• Measurement and Monitoring
• EMS Nonconformance and
• EMS Audits
• Environmental Aspects
• Objectives and Targets
• Environmental Mgmt.
• Roles and Responsibilities
• Training and Communication
• EMS Document Control
• Emergency Preparedness and
Objectives and Targets
•Reduce Waste Streams
Hazardous, Solid, and
•Reduce Energy Consumption
Environmental impact assessment (EIA)
It refers to review of potential impact of a project to be
launched by an organisation. It includes,
•Assessment of existing environmental status
•Analysis of various factors of ecosystems
like, trees, ponds,wildlife.
•Analysis of adverse impacts of the project
that is to be started
•Impact on people in the neighborhood
ISO 14001 Such a body is called as certifier
oIt is the statutory requirement & the
firms want to avoid prosecution.
oIn developed countries, imroved
environmental is becoming an popular
theme for enhancing the image of the .
oThe demand of various stake holders
especially the key clients puts pressure
for installing a formal EMS.