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Tema n°2 Equipamiento

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Rescate con Cuerdas NFPA 1006
Formación de Técnicos en Rescate
Curso Interno
Cuarta Compañía de Bomberos de Viña del Mar
"Bomba Jose Rafael Brunet Barreiro"
Tema N°2 Equipamiento

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Tema n°2 Equipamiento

  1. 1. Tema N°2 Equipamiento Rescate con Cuerdas NFPA 1006 Formación de Técnicos en rescate
  2. 2. Regulaciones • Se basan en la NFPA 1983 General Use • Deportivo Rescate • Industrial Rescate
  3. 3. Cuerdas • Antiguamente se usaba de Fibra Natural • Luego se paso a Usar Cuerdas de Fibra artificial o sintéticas • Las que se destacan son: • Nylon • Poliéster • Polipropileno • Polietileno
  4. 4. Tejido de la Cuerda • Torcida: Tres o dos hebras torcidas entre si • Trenzada: Hebras trenzadas en forma uniforme • Kermantle Kern = Corazón Mantle = Manto (o cubierta) • Consiste en una funda que cubre el trenzado interior de fajos paralelos de fibras de Nylon. • Por su diseño distribuye la carga de un 70-80% en el núcleo y de un 20-30% en la funda o forro
  5. 5. Kermantle Estática • Núcleo: Fajos paralelos y continuos de Nylon • Manto : Trenzado, de fibras de Nylon • 2 % de Estiramiento Carga de Trabajo • Hasta un 10% de Estiramiento en su carga de Choque • Cuerda de Vida
  6. 6. Kermantle Dinámica • Núcleo: Fajos paralelos Trenzados de Nylon • Funda: Trenzado multifilar de fibras de Nylon • Estira 7% bajo carga laboral • Se puede estirar hasta 60% en carga de choque • Cuerda de Seguridad
  7. 7. Factor de Seguridad • Según NFPA 1983, Material Uso General debe resistir 600 lb= 272 kg • Metales= 10:1 • Cuerdas= 15:1 • Cuerda de Vida : +40 KN
  8. 8. Cordin Prusik • Freno sobre otras Cuerdas • Cordin 8 mm : 14 -16 kN • Cuerda de Nylon 13” mm
  9. 9. Cuidados con la cuerda • Inspección de la cuerda • No pisar las cuerdas ! • Abrasión • Temperatura • Sustancias Dañinas • Almacenamiento • Sobre Carga • Limpieza
  10. 10. Bitácora • Registro que se lleva del uso de la cuerda • Se implementara este sistema Fecha de Uso Fabricante Tipo Diametro Largo Esfuerzo Realizado Motivo de Uso
  11. 11. Cintas • Existen de 1 pulgada a 4 • Dos tipos : Planas y Tubulares • Mismos cuidados de las Cuerdas • Resistencia: 16 Kn • IFTSA (International Fire Services Training Association) propone medidas por color Color Pies Mt Verde 5 1,5 Amarrillo 12 3,6 Azul 15 4,5 Rojo 20 6,0 Negro 25 7,6
  12. 12. Mosquetones • Existen de varias formas, pero se prefieren los de forma de “D” • Aluminio • Acero • General Use: 40 kn + • Cuidados: No golpear metales • Evitar caídas superior a 20 cm • Evitar contacto con arena o tierra
  13. 13. Descendedores • Aparato que disminuye la velocidad de caída, por fricción o por poleas
  14. 14. Ascendedores y/o Bloqueadores • Bloqueador Rescue Cender: Se compone de una leva para el freno, se aplica en cuerdas de 9mm a 13 mm • Bloqueador Ascensión: Uso deportivo A cargas extremas tiende a rasgar la cuerda
  15. 15. Poleas • Su forma simple es un cilindro con dos placas laterales • Funciones; Ventaja Mecánica, Cambio de Dirección • Tipo de Poleas: Poleas para prusik Polea Twin Polea pasa nudos
  16. 16. Protector de Cuerdas • Protector tipo funda • Protector de bordes • Roof Roller • Edge Roller
  17. 17. Arnés de Rescate • Elemento fundamental para Rescate en Altura • Existen tres calificaciones de Arnés • Clase I: NFPA 1983, Diseñado para una persona carga de 1,33 Kn (silla) • Clase II: NFPA 1983, Diseñado para dos personas resiste 2,67 Kn • Clase III: NFPA 1983, Diseñado para dos personas resiste 2,67 Kn (cuerpo completo)
  18. 18. Camilla de Rescate • Camilla Canasto • Camilla Sked
  19. 19. Elementos de Rescate • Plato de Anclaje, General Use 36 KN • Consiste en un agujero grande y otros pequeños en otro lado
  20. 20. Destorcedor • Se utilizan para evitar torsión de la cuerda, recomendado en verticales libres
  21. 21. Trípodes • Usos para rescate en espacios confinados • También se usa como parte de ángulo alto
  22. 22. Nuevo Material U-41 Realizado por: Kevin Bedwell Ayudante
  23. 23. Equipamiento • NFPA 1983- 2012 Ed, General Use • Standard on Fire Service Life Safety Rope and System Components
  24. 24. Mosquetón • Vulcan Screw-Lock, Petzl • 265 Gramos • Material Acero
  25. 25. 1. Cuerpo 2. Gatillo 3. Remache 4. Casquillo de Seguridad 5. Key lock 6. Orificio de key lock 7. Indicador rojo
  26. 26. Cuerda • Marca: New England Ropes • Modelo: KM-III Low strech kermantle • Tipo: Estática • Tipo de Fibra: Polyester • Diámetro: 13 mm o ½ inch • Metraje: 100 mts • Fuerza de ruptura (MBS) : 46 kn • Elongación: 2,1%
  27. 27. Cordín • Marca: CMC • Modelo: Prusik Cord & Load release hitch • Kermantle • Diametro: 8 mm • Largo: 2 mt • Material: Nylon • Fuerza de Ruptura (MBS): 16 Kn • Usos: Prusik, Belay, Tandem, Liberador de carga
  28. 28. Polea • Marca: Petzl • Modelo: Minder • Carga: 4 kn x 2 = 8kn • Trabajo con Prusik
  29. 29. Plato de Anclaje • Marca: Petzl • Modelo: PAW L , multianclaje • Fuerza de Ruptura (MBS): 36 kn • Punto de anclaje: 10 kn +
  30. 30. Bloqueador • Marca: Petzl • Modelo: Rescucender B50 • Norma EN 567, no cumple NFPA 1983 General Use • Fuerza: 4kn
  31. 31. Descensor autofrenante con función antipánico adaptado al rescate • Marca: Petzl • Modelo: I’D L • Diseñado para los rescates: ausencia de gatillo de cierre. • Empuñadura multifunción • Descenso de cargas pesadas hasta 272 kg
  32. 32. • Bajada Asistido • Carga máxima 150 kg
  33. 33. AscensoBelay
  34. 34. Pick Off
  35. 35. • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFJTPlVo DeE • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HbpU6Z4 4PBg • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F2TyQYjsz vM
  36. 36. Fuente • http://www.petzl.com/files/all/technical- notice/Pro/D20L-IDL.pdf • http://www.petzl.com/es/pro/mundo- vertical/descensores/descensores- autofrenantes/id-l • http://www.cmcrescue.com/equipment/prusi k-cord-load-release-hitch-cord/

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