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Scratch en primaria 1: Introducción a la herramienta

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En esta sesión se introduce a los estudiantes en la creación de una pequeña animación con el entorno de programación Scratch viendo los elementos básicos de la herramienta, así como las mínimas pautas para comprender su funcionamiento: creación de un proyecto, identificación de sentencias, almacenamiento del proyecto, creación de una cuenta en Scratch o subir el resultado a la web

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Scratch en primaria 1: Introducción a la herramienta

  1. 1. 1 Jugamos con Scratch en Primaria: Introducción a la herramienta Scratch Programamos Videojuegos y Apps Flor Palomares, Patricia Huertas Fernández, José Ignacio Moreno León, Jesús Moriana Coronel, María Septiembre 2013
  2. 2. Licencia ©Programamos, Septiembre de 2013 Algunos derechos reservados. Este artículo se distribuye bajo la licencia“ReconocimientoCompartirIgual 3.0 España" de CreativeCommons, disponible en http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/es/deed.es Este documento (o uno muy similar) está disponible en (o enlazado desde) http://programamos.es
  3. 3. ¿Qué es Scratch? ● ● ● ● Es una herramienta con la que vamos a poder realizar videojuegos, contar historias, realizar animaciones... y todo lo que se os ocurra. Además, si seguimos las indicaciones de los/as maestros/as, veréis como es muy sencillo utilizarla. Para ello tan solo necesitamos un ordenador (y puede que una conexión a Internet, ahora te lo contamos...) ¿Cómo? ¡Enseguida lo vemos!
  4. 4. ¿Como se accede Scratch? ● ● Existen dos versiones de Scratch. Una es antigua, y ya la tenemos instalada en los ultraportátiles, en nuestro Guadalinex. No necesita Internet, por lo que se puede utilizar en cualquier lugar.
  5. 5. ¿Como se accede Scratch? ● ● La otra versión es nueva y para utilizarla tan solo tenemos que abrir el navegador e introducir la siguiente dirección: scratch.mit.edu En esta sí que necesitamos Internet.
  6. 6. ¿Qué versión vamos a utilizar? ● ● En estas diapositivas trabajaremos en la última versión (la que se accede por Internet). Son muy parecidas, pero si creamos algo con una versión no podemos abrirla con la otra.
  7. 7. Distintas partes de Scratch Escenario Fondo Lista de objetos Bloques para controlar el comportamiento del objeto seleccionado
  8. 8. Distintas partes de Scratch ● ● Para controlar el comportamiento de cada objeto tenemos tres pestañas. El contenido de cada una de ellas se creará para cada uno de los objetos. Donde arrastraremos nuestros bloques. Le dirán al objeto lo que tiene que hacer Distintos disfraces que podemos ponerles a nuestro objeto seleccionado Para insertar sonidos que pueden ser utilizados en el objeto seleccionado
  9. 9. Distintas partes de Scratch ● ● En la parte central tenemos los bloques. Para utilizarlos tan solo hay que arrastrarlos a la parte derecha (Programa). Iremos componiendo un puzzle con los distintos bloques para que cada objeto haga lo que queramos. Bloques, agrupados en categorías (movimiento, …) que podemos seleccionar para montar nuestro puzzle y controlar el comportamiento del objeto. Las fichas forman un puzzle, de forma que unas encajan con otras...
  10. 10. Distintas partes de Scratch ● ● Podríamos seguir, pero es mejor ir viéndolas conforme las necesitemos. ¿Comenzamos a utilizar Scratch?
  11. 11. Nuestro primer proyecto: objetivo ● ● Vamos a hacer un pequeño proyecto para aprender cómo se utiliza Scratch. Nuestro objetivo es realizar el siguiente programa (en el gato):
  12. 12. Nuestro primer proyecto: paso a paso ● Dentro de la pestaña “Programas”, identifica el primer bloque dentro de la categoría “Eventos” y arrástralo a la parte derecha. Hacemos clic para asegurarnos que el gato está seleccionado
  13. 13. Nuestro primer proyecto: paso a paso ● ● Continuamos en la pestaña “Programas”, pero ahora haz clic en la categoría “Apariencia”. Busca, arrastra y encaja con el anterior el bloque correcto: Haz clic para eliminar este texto e introducir: ¿Como estás? Puedes poner el tiempo que quieras
  14. 14. Nuestro primer proyecto: paso a paso ● Repite de nuevo los pasos para construir lo siguiente: Ponle tu nombre... ¿Lo probamos?
  15. 15. Un buen momento para guardar... ● Para guardar el proyecto tenemos dos opciones: ● Descargarlo a nuestro ordenador. Podemos ponerle un nombre .
  16. 16. Un buen momento para guardar... ● Crear una cuenta en Scratch y almacenarlo en la Web. Podemos ponerle un nombre .
  17. 17. Y ¡podemos compartirlo con todo el mundo! ● Para ello tienes que identificarte con el usuario y contraseña de Scratch y darle a Compartir... Es conveniente rellenar estos datos...
  18. 18. Pero, ¿cómo lo pueden ver? ● ● Copia el enlace a tu proyecto compartido y dáselo a quien quieras. Tan solo con introducirlo en el navegador podrá ver a tu gato...
  19. 19. Conclusiones... ● ● ● ● Compartimos entre todos/as... ¿Qué te ha parecido? ¿te ha gustado? ¿Te ha resultado sencillo?... ¿Qué crees que podrías hacer con Scratch? ¿qué te gustaría realizar? Si te ha gustado, ¡esto es solo el principio! Pero lo más importante, ¡acabas de comenzar a aprender a programar!

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